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SMEX03 Land Use Classification Data: Georgia


This data set is a subset of data acquired from the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD). The NLCD is comprised of Landsat data collected during 2001 that are representative of the land cover conditions present in the Georgia, USA regional study area during the Soil Moisture Experiment of 2003 (SMEX03). The data were exported from NLCD 2001 with Environmental Research Systems Institute (ESRI) ArcMap software and are provided in one ASCII text file. The volume of the data file is approximately 19 megabytes, and the file is available via FTP.

These data were collected as part of a validation study for the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System (AMSR-E). AMSR-E is a mission instrument launched aboard NASA's Aqua Satellite on 04 May 2002. AMSR-E validation studies linked to SMEX are designed to evaluate the accuracy of AMSR-E soil moisture data. Specific validation objectives include assessing and refining soil moisture algorithm performance; verifying soil moisture estimation accuracy; investigating the effects of vegetation, surface temperature, topography, and soil texture on soil moisture accuracy; and determining the regions that are useful for AMSR-E soil moisture measurements.

Citing These Data

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Cosh, M. and J. Birch. 2009. SMEX03 Land Use Classification Data: Georgia. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Overview Table

Category Description
Data format ASCII text
Spatial coverage and resolution Southernmost Latitude: 30.96° N
Northernmost Latitude: 31.90° N
Westernmost Longitude: 83.97° W
Easternmost Longitude: 83.36° W

30 m
Temporal coverage and resolution June - July 2003
Tools for accessing data Any text editor or Web browser
File naming convention ga_landcover.txt
File size ~19 MB
Parameter(s) Land Use Classification
Procedures for obtaining data Data are available via FTP.

Table of Contents

  1. Contacts and Acknowledgments
  2. Detailed Data Description
  3. Data Access and Tools
  4. Data Acquisition and Processing
  5. References and Related Publications
  6. Document Information

1. Contacts and Acknowledgments


Michael H. Cosh
Hydrology/Remote Sensing Laboratory
US Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
Bldg. 007, Rm. 104, BARC-West
Beltsville, MD 20705 USA

Joanna Birch
Hydrology/Remote Sensing Laboratory
US Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
Bldg. 007, Rm. 104, BARC-West
Beltsville, MD 20705 USA


Technical Contact

NSIDC User Services
National Snow and Ice Data Center
University of Colorado
Boulder, CO 80309-0449  USA
phone: +1 303.492.6199
fax: +1 303.492.2468
form: Contact NSIDC User Services

2. Detailed Data Description


Data are provided in one ArcInfo ASCII Grid data file named ga_land_cover.txt. The first six rows of the file contain header information, while the remaining rows contain the actual grid data. Refer to Table 1 for clarification of ASCII Grid header variables, or to the Sample Record section of this document to view the sample data record. Missing data are represented by -9999. The Georgia study area image dimensions are 3440 rows by 1840 columns.


Table 1. ArcInfo ASCII Grid Header Values
ncols Number of columns in the grid
nrows Number of rows in the grid
xllcorner Western edge of the grid
yllcorner Southern edge of the grid
Spatial resolution of the grid
NODATA_value Refers to value representing missing data, such as -9999


File and Directory Structure

Both the ga_land_cover.txt data file and readme.txt file are available on the FTP site in the following directory:


File Naming Convention

The abbreviation ga in the ASCII file name ga_land_cover.txt indicates Georgia as the regional study area.

File Size

The data file is approximately 19 MB.

Spatial Coverage

Southernmost Latitude: 30.96106485° N
Northernmost Latitude: 31.90325745° N
Westernmost Longitude: 83.97084687° W
Easternmost Longitude: 83.36425277° W

Spatial Resolution

The pixel size is 30 m by 30 m.


Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM), Zone 17, North American Datum 1983 (NAD 83)

Temporal Coverage

The NLCD 2001 land use classification data are representative of typical conditions in Georgia during the approximate timeline of the SMEX03 campaign, conducted between June and July 2003.

Parameter or Variable

The measured parameter for this data set is land use classification.

Parameter Range

The parameter range for Georgia land cover types is described in Table 2. Valid values range from 1 to 99, with not all values present in the Georgia study area. For more complete descriptions of land cover types, and for more information on land cover types not present in the Georgia study area, please refer to the USGS National Map Seamless Server Web site.

Table 2. Land Cover Parameter Range and Description
Parameter Values Description
11 Open Water
21 Developed, Open Space
22 Developed, Low Intensity
23 Developed, Medium Intensity
24 Developed, High Intensity
31 Barren Land (Rock/Sand/Clay)
41 Deciduous Forest
42 Evergreen Forest
43 Mixed Forest
52 Shrub/Scrub
71 Grassland/Herbaceous
81 Pasture/Hay
82 Cultivated Crops
90 Woody Wetlands
95 Emergent Herbaceous Wetlands


Sample of Data Record

Figure 1 displays a sample of the data file ga_land_cover.txt containing Georgia land use classification data. The first six rows display ArcInfo ASCII Grid header information, while the last six rows of this partial data record contain land use classification measurements. Only the first thirteen columns and first twelve rows of the data record are shown in this sample. For clarification of ASCII Grid header variables, refer to Table 1 in the Format section.

Figure 1. Sample Data Record
ncols 1840                  
nrows 3440                  
xllcorner 219000                  
yllcorner 3429000                  
cellsize 30                  
NODATA_value -9999                  
42 42 42 41 41 41  90  42  42  42  42  42  90  ...
43 42 42 41 90 41 90 42 42 42 42 42 82 ...
41 43 43 90 90 90 90 42 42 42 41 42 42 ...
41 43 90 90 90 41 41 42 42 41 41 42 82 ...
43 90 90 90 90 41 42 42 43 41 41 42 42 ...
41 43 41 41 90 41 43 41 41 41 43 43 43 ...
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...


3. Data Access and Tools

Data Access

Data are available via FTP.


Total volume is approximately 19 MB.

Software and Tools

Any text editor or Web browser is recommended to view these data.

Related Data Collections

4. Data Acquisition and Processing

Data Acquisition Methods

The Georgia land use classification data were retrieved from an online USGS database called The National Map Seamless Server, a Landsat-based land cover database with several independent data layers. From this database, the National Land Cover Dataset (NLCD) for 2001 was selected. The NLCD 2001 data were then exported with ArcMap as ArcInfo ASCII Grid data files. No extensive ground-based land cover retrieval was conducted as part of SMEX03. Instead, the NLCD 2001 is considered the base land cover map since land cover over the SMEX03 study regions is minimally dynamic.

5. References and Related Publications

Homer, C., C. Huang, L. Yang, B. Wylie, and M. Coan. 2004. Development of a 2001 National Land-Cover Database for the United States. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 70:829-840.

Please visit the USDA SMEX03 Web site for in-depth information on the science mission and goal of the SMEX project.

6. Document Information

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Table 3 lists the acronyms and abbreviations used in this document.

Table 3. Acronyms and Abbreviations
AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System
ARS Agricultural Research Service
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
DAAC Distributed Active Archive Center
ESRI Environmental Systems Research Institute
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GA Georgia
N/A Not Applicable
NAD 83 North American Datum 1983
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NLCD National Land Cover Dataset
NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center
SCAN Soil Climate Analysis Network
SMEX03 Soil Moisture Experiment 2003
USGS United States Geological Survey
UTM Universal Transverse Mercator
URL Uniform Resource Locator

Document Creation Date

January 2009

Document URL