MOA-derived Structural Feature Map of the Ronne Ice Shelf

Summary

This data set provides a structural feature map of the Ronne Ice Shelf in Antarctica (also known as the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf). The map was developed as part of a project to study fracture propagation in the Ronne Ice Shelf, with special focus on the Evans Ice Stream. Features were digitized from the MODIS Mosaic of Antartica (MOA), a composite of individual Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectradiometer (MODIS) images taken between 20 November 2003 and 29 February 2004, with an effective resolution of 125 m. The data set includes estimates of the shelf boundary, including ice stream grounding zones, outlets of glaciers feeding the shelf, extents of islands and ice rises, and the location of the shelf front, and features observed within the shelf, including suture zones between ice streams, streaklines, fractures (crevasses and rifts), and fold-like features. Individual features can be extracted as a group of points and grouping is used to facilitate identification and plotting.

Data files are available via FTP in ASCII text (.txt) format. One image file, in Portable Document Format (.pdf), shows the data included in the dataset, plotted using MATLAB. The data set also provides a MATLAB script which can be used to plot the data.

Citing These Data

We kindly request that you cite the use of this data set in a publication using the following citation example. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. List the principal investigators, year of data set release, data set title, publisher: NSIDC, and digital media.

Hulbe, C.L. and C.M. LeDoux. 2011. MOA-derived Structural Feature Map of the Ronne Ice Shelf. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5PR7SXR.

Overview Table

Category Description
Data format Data files are in ASCII text (.txt) format, along with a MATLAB script for plotting the data.
An image file is provided in Portable Document Format (.pdf)
Spatial coverage and resolution Southernmost Latitude: 84.679°S
Northernmost Latitude: 74.355°S
Westernmost Longitude: 86.557°W
Easternmost Longitude: 26.811°W
Temporal coverage and resolution Data are derived from MODIS imagery collected between 20 November 2003 and 29 February 2004.
Tools for accessing data Data can be plotted using MATLAB or other software.
Grid/projection description Data are plotted using gridx and gridy coordinates from the Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA), in units of kilometers, converted to longitude and latitude using standard parallel 71°S.
File naming convention RonneFM_fractures.txt
RonneFM_streaklines.txt
File size Files range in size from 8 KB to 160 KB
Parameters Latitude
Longitude
Gridx
Gridy
Set Number
Group Number
Procedures for obtaining data Data are available via FTP.

Table of Contents

  1. Contacts and Acknowledgments
  2. Detailed Data Description
  3. Data Access and Tools
  4. Data Acquisition and Processing
  5. References and Related Publications
  6. Document Information

1. Contacts and Acknowledgments

Investigators

Dr. Christina Hulbe
Portland State University
Department of Geology
P.O. Box 751
Portland, OR 97207
USA

Christine LeDoux
Portland State University
Department of Geology
P.O. Box 751
Portland, OR 97207
USA

Technical Contact

NSIDC User Services
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
Boulder, CO 80309-0449  USA
phone: +1 303.492.6199
fax: +1 303.492.2468
form: Contact NSIDC User Services
e-mail: nsidc@nsidc.org

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by NSF Office of Polar Programs grant numbers 0125754 and 04660670.

2. Detailed Data Description

Format

The data are in ASCII (.txt) format. One additional image file, in Portable Document Format (.pdf), shows the data included in the dataset, plotted using MATLAB.

File and Directory Structure

Data are available on the FTP site in the ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/AGDC/nsidc0497_hulbe_V01/ directory. Within this directory, there are eight ASCII text (.txt) files providing detailed locations and information about features identified on the ice shelf; one MATLAB script containing a basic script to plot the data using the group and set fields; one image file in Portable Document Format (.pdf) that provides an overview of the combined datasets; and a readme file in text format. All files are described in Table 1.

Table 1. File Description
Filename Description of file contents or features
RonneFM_folds.txt Fold-like features
RonneFM_fractures.txt Fractures
RonneFM_glacieroutlets.txt Glacier outlets
RonneFM_icerises.txt Extents of ice rises and islands
RonneFM_icestreamgroundingzone.txt Grounding zones of ice streams
RonneFM_interstreamzones.txt Suture zones between ice from different ice streams
RonneFM_shelfboundary.txt Combined boundary of ice shelf, includes glacier outlets and grounding zones
RonneFM_streaklines.txt Streak lines
plotFMpoints.m MATLAB native file containing a basic script to plot the data using the group and set fields
RonneFM_combined.pdf Image showing all features in data set
00README.txt Text file describing the data organization

File Naming Convention

Files are named according to the following convention and as described in Table 2:

RonneFM_feature.txt

Where:

Table 2. File Naming Convention
Variable Description
Ronne Location: Ronne Ice Shelf
FM File type: FM = Feature Map
feature Feature Type
.txt, .pdf, .m Text file extension
Portable Document File extension
Matlab file extension

Example: RonneFM_fractures.txt provides fracture data for the Ronne Ice Shelf.

File Size

Files range in size from 8 KB to 160 KB

Spatial Coverage

This data set encompasses the region around and including the Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica.

Southernmost Latitude: 84.679°S
Northernmost Latitude: 74.355°S
Westernmost Longitude: 86.557°W
Easternmost Longitude: 26.811°W

Grid Description

Data are plotted using gridx and gridy coordinates from the MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA), in units of kilometers, converted to longitude and latitude using standard parallel 71°S.

Temporal Coverage

This data set is based on data collected between 2003 and 2004.

Parameter or Variable

Parameter Description

The data set contains ASCII text files with six fields: longitude, latitude, gridx, gridy, set number, and group number.

Table 3. Parameter Description
Variable Description
Longitude
Latitude
Location of the feature in geographic coordinates
Gridx
Gridy
Coordinates from the MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA), in units of kilometers, converted to longitude and latitude using standard parallel 71°S
Set Number Set number is used to identify groups of similar features within a given feature type, and rarely varies within a data file. This facilitates plotting using the MATLAB script.
Group Number Group number is used to identify data points representing individual features, enabling the plotting of individual features as lines instead of individual points. This facilitates plotting using the MATLAB script.

Sample Data Record

The data are space-delimited and do not contain a header row. The six fields, from left to right, are longitude, latitude, gridx, gridy, set number, and group number.

-50.751331 -77.269702 -1075393.2693 878591.4918 1 9
-50.632784 -77.247122 -1075492.5560 882389.4228 1 9
-54.876441 -76.247771 -1227800.7383 863667.2427 1 10
-55.517754 -76.437386 -1220174.4911 838046.1335 1 10

Sample Data Image

map of ronne ice shelf derived from data files using matlab.
Figure 1. This map of the Ronne Ice Shelf shows the data plotted using MATLAB.
This file is available on the FTP site as a PDF.

3. Data Access and Tools

Data Access

Data are available via FTP.

Volume

Total volume of the data set is approximately 850 KB.

Software and Tools

Data files are readable using standard spreadsheet software. They can be plotted using MATLAB, using a script provided along with the data.

Related Data Collections

4. Data Acquisition and Processing

Data points representing ice shelf features were acquired by digitizing the MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA). The range of sun illumination angles in the composite image makes it possible to trace many features, including large fractures, streak lines, and disturbed ice associated with relict ice stream shear margins advecting through the shelf. Features in the map were digitized at the dark/light boundary. The methods are described in more detail in Hulbe et al., 2010.

5. References and Related Publications

Hulbe, C.L., C. LeDoux, and K.C. Cruikshank. 2010. Propagation of Long Fractures in the Ronne Ice Shelf Investigated Using a Numerical Model of Fracture Propagation. Journal of Glaciology, 56 (197), 459-472. doi:10.3189/002214310792447743.

LeDoux, C. 2007. A Boundary Element Model for Fracture Propagation. (MSc thesis, Portland State University.)

Haran, T., J. Bohlander, T. Scambos, T. Painter, and M. Fahnestock compilers. 2005, updated 2006. MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA) Image Map. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

Scambos, T., T. Haran, M. Fahnestock, T. Painter, and J. Bohlander. 2007. MODIS-Based Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA) Data Sets: Continent-Wide Surface Morphology and Snow Grain Size. Remote Sensing of Environment 111(2): 242-257, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2006.12.020.

The following related documents are available

Table 4. Related Documents
Document Description URL
MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica Project Web site http://nsidc.org/data/moa/index.html
Antarctic Glaciological Data Center Data Center Web site http://nsidc.org/agdc/

6. Document Information

Acronyms

The following acronyms are used in this document.

Table 5. Acronyms and Abbreviations
Acronym Description
AGDC Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
FTP File Transfer Protocol
MOA Mosaic of Antarctica
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center
TXT ASCII Text File Extension
URL Uniform Resource Locator

Document Creation Date

11 July, 2011

Document URL

http://nsidc.org/data/docs/agdc/nsidc0497_hulbe/index.html