Atlas of the Cryosphere Data Sources

This Web page lists the reference information for the maps and geospatial data contained in the Southern Hemisphere portion of the Atlas of the Cryosphere. Also listed on this page are example requests for Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) services—Web Map Service (WMS), Web Feature Service (WFS), and Web Coverage Service (WCS). These services enable interoperable and customizable remote access to maps and source data (click here for more details). For the list of Northern Hemisphere references, click here.

Parameter: Data source:
Antarctic bedrock elevation Lythe, M. B., D. G. Vaughan, and the BEDMAP Consortium. 2000. BEDMAP - bed topography of the Antarctic. Cambridge, United Kingdom: British Antarctic Survey. Digital Media. 28 June 2008.


Antarctic ice core locations
Antarctic megadunes Bohlander, J. and T. Scambos. 2005. Outlines of Antarctic megadunes regions. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Unpublished data.


Antarctic Polar Front
(oceanic boundary)
Orsi, A. and Ryan, U. 2001. Locations of the various fronts in the Southern Ocean. Kingston, Tasmania Australia: Australian Antarctic Data Centre. Digital media. Available at http://aadc-maps.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=AMD/AU/southern_ocean_fronts. 28 September 2006.


Antarctic research stations Wikipedia contributors. 24 January 2007. List of research stations in Antarctica. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_research_stations_in_Antarctica. 24 January 2007.


Antarctic satellite image Haran, T., J. Bohlander, T. Scambos, T. Painter, and M. Fahnestock compilers. 2005, updated 2006. MODIS mosaic of Antarctica (MOA) image map. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0280.html.


Antarctic snow accumulation Arthern, R.J., D.P. Winebrenner, and D.G. Vaughan. 2006. Antarctic snow accumulation mapped using polarization of 4.3-cm wavelength microwave emission. Journal of Geophysical Research. 111, D06107, doi:10.1029/2004JD005667. Data provided by the British Antarctic Survery, Cambridge, England UK. Available at http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/Resources/PSD/snow_accumulation/. 27 October 2006.


Antarctic surface elevation Liu, H., K. Jezek, B. Li, and Z. Zhao. 2001. Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Project digital elevation model version 2. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0082.html. 01 November 2006.


Antarctic territorial claims Wikipedia contributors. 13 January 2007. Antarctic territorial claims. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_territorial_claims. 24 January 2007.


cities Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI). 2000. World Cities. Series: ESRI Data & Maps. Redlands, California USA: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (ESRI). Available at http://webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/. 01 February 2001.


coastlines Excluding Antarctica:

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). 2005. Gridded Population of the World Version 3 (GPWv3): Coastlines. Palisades, New York USA: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), Columbia University. Available at http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw. 19 January 2007.

Antarctica:

Bohlander, J. and T. Scambos. 2007. Antarctic coastlines and grounding line derived from MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA). Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. 24 April 2008.


countries Excluding Antarctica:

Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University; and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). 2005. Gridded Population of the World Version 3 (GPWv3): Coastlines. Palisades, New York USA: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), Columbia University. Available at http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw. 19 January 2007.

Antarctica:

Bohlander, J. and T. Scambos. 2007. Antarctic coastlines and grounding line derived from MODIS Mosaic of Antarctica (MOA). Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. 24 April 2008.


glaciers National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA). 1992. VMAP_1V10 - Vector Map Level 0 (Digital Chart of the World). Bethesda, Maryland USA: National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA). Available at http://www.maproom.psu.edu/dcw/ and http://webgis.wr.usgs.gov/globalgis/. 01 September 2000.


glacier outlines Armstrong, R., B. Raup, S.J.S. Khalsa, R. Barry, J. Kargel, C. Helm, and H. Kiefer. 2005. GLIMS glacier database. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0272.html. Current Date.


satellite imagery Stöckli, R., E. Vermote, N. Saleous, R. Simmon, and D. Herring. 2005. The Blue Marble Next Generation - A true color earth dataset including seasonal dynamics from MODIS. Greenbelt, Maryland USA: NASA Earth Observatory. Digital media. Available at ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/BM/ and http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view_set.php?categoryID=2355. 12 September 2007.

sea ice concentration Stroeve, J. and W. Meier. 1999, updated 2005. Sea Ice Trends and Climatologies from SMMR and SSM/I. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/smmr_ssmi_ancillary/monthly_means.html. 13 September 2006.


sea ice extent Stroeve, J. and W. Meier. 1999, updated 2005. Sea Ice Trends and Climatologies from SMMR and SSM/I. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/smmr_ssmi_ancillary/monthly_means.html. 13 September 2006.

NOTE: Sea ice extent includes all areas where sea ice concentration is greater than or equal to 15%.


seasonal snow classification Liston, G.E., and M. Sturm. 1998. Global seasonal snow classification system. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/arcss045.html. 31 August 2006.


snow extent Armstrong, R.L., M.J. Brodzik, K. Knowles, and M. Savoie. 2005. Global monthly EASE-Grid snow water equivalent climatology. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0271.html. 30 August 2006.

NOTE: Snow extent includes the continent of Antarctica and all areas where snow water equivalent is greater than 0 mm.


snow water equivalent Armstrong, R.L., M.J. Brodzik, K. Knowles, and M. Savoie. 2005. Global monthly EASE-Grid snow water equivalent climatology. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Available at http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0271.html. 30 August 2006.


South Pole, Geomagnetic McClean, S. 24 January 2007. Geomagnetism Frequently Asked Questions. National Geophysical Data Center. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/geomag/faqgeom.shtml#q4b. 24 January 2007.


South Pole, Magnetic McClean, S. 24 January 2007. Geomagnetism Frequently Asked Questions. National Geophysical Data Center. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/seg/geomag/faqgeom.shtml#q4b. 24 January 2007.


South Pole of Cold Wikipedia contributors. 23 January 2007. Pole of Cold. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pole_of_Cold&oldid=102629381. 24 January 2007.


South Pole of Inaccessibility Wikipedia contributors. 20 January 2007. South Pole. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Pole&oldid=101993204. 24 January 2007.