Russian Historical Soil Temperature Data
This data set is a collection of monthly and annual average soil temperatures measured at Russian meteorological stations. Data were recovered from many sources and compiled by staff at the University of Colorado, USA, and the Russian Academy of Sciences in Puschino, Russia.
Soil temperatures were measured at depths of 0.02 to 3.2 m using bent stem thermometers, extraction thermometers, and electrical resistance thermistors. Data coverage extends from the 1800s through 1990, but is not continuous. Data are not available for all stations for the entire period of coverage. For example, data collection began at many stations in the 1930s and 1950s, and not all stations continued taking measurements through 1990.
This research was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) Office of Polar Programs (OPP) awards OPP-9614557, OPP-9907541, and OPP-0229766. Data are available as ASCII text files via FTP.
The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.
Tingjun Zhang, Roger Barry, and David Gilichinsky, compilers. 2001, updated 2006. Russian Historical Soil Temperature Data. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.