Greenland Summit Ice Cores
From 1989 to 1994, the U.S. and European scientific communities supported a bold undertaking to acquire an extensive paleoclimate record for the Northern Hemisphere. These efforts, termed the Greenland Ice Core Project (GRIP) and Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two (GISP2), acquired deep ice cores from sites on and near the Greenland summit. The GISP2 (US) site was located at 72 degrees 36 minutes N, 38 degrees 30 minutes W. The GRIP (European) site was located at 72 degrees 35 minutes N, 37 degrees 38 minutes W. A wide range of environmental and physical parameters were recorded from the cores. The data types are listed below:
- Air Mass Trajectories (GISP2)
- Chemistry (GISP2, GRIP)
- Climatological Data (GISP2)
- Cosmogenic Isotopes (GISP2)
- Dust (GISP2)
- Electrical Conductivity (GISP2, GRIP)
- Gas Concentrations in Air Bubbles (GISP2, GRIP)
- Physical Properties and Ice Core Stratigraphy (GISP2, GRIP)
- Stable Isotopes (GISP2, GRIP)
- Time scales (GISP2, GRIP)
The GRIP and GISP2 data were acquired as a part of a multi-institutional effort involving the GISP2 Science Management Office (SMO) at the University of New Hampshire, the Arctic System Science (ARCSS) Data Coordination Center (ADCC) at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), the International Ice Core Data Cooperative (IICDC) at the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR), and the World Data Center (WDC) for Paleoclimatology, Boulder at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC).
The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.
NSIDC and WDC for Paleoclimatology. 1998. Greenland Summit Ice Cores. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.