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a substance dispersed throughout another substance; also called suspended phase.

syngenetic ice

ground ice developed during the formation of syngenetic permafrost.

syngenetic ice wedge

an ice wedge developed during the formation of syngenetic permafrost.

syngenetic permafrost

permafrost that formed through a rise of the permafrost table during the deposition of additional sediment or other earth material on the ground surface.

synoptic analysis

the study of the synoptic observation data plotted on synoptic charts aimed at analysis of the atmospheric disturbances (for example, fronts, cyclones, and anticyclones).

synoptic chart

a weather chart reflecting the state of the atmosphere over a large area at a given moment.

synoptic code

a code approved by the World Meteorological Organization, by which meteorological elements observed at the earth's surface at synoptic times are encoded in groups of five figures and transmitted internationally through the GTS (Global Telecommunications System).

synoptic hour

hour (UTC - Coordinated Universal Time) determined by international agreement at which meteorological observations are made simultaneously throughout the world; the primary synoptic hours are every six hours, commencing at 00:00 UTC.

synoptic meteorology

the study and analysis of synoptic weather information (synoptic charts, synoptic weather observations); thus, it is a study of macro-scale atmospheric processes, as well as weather prediction based on results of synoptic studies.

synoptic weather observation

an observation made at periodic times (usually at 3-hour and 6-hour intervals specified by the World Meteorological Organization) of sky cover, state of the sky, cloud height, atmospheric pressure at sea level, temperature, dew point, wind speed and direction, amount of precipitation, hydrometeors and lithometeors, and special phenomena that prevail at the time of the observation or observed since the previous specified observation.


the scale of the high- and low-pressure systems of the lower atmosphere; dimensions typically range from 1000 to 2500 kilometers (620 to 1550 miles; synoptic-scale circulation).