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glacieret

a very small glacier.
Arapaho Glacier, located along the Front Range, Colorado, in 1956. Although relatively small in terms of glacier size, the city of Boulder, Colorado, still receives some of its drinking water from Arapaho Glacier runoff. (Photo courtesy of the World Data Center for Glaciology, Boulder, CO.)
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glacierized

land overlaid at present by a glacier is said to be covered; the alternative term glacierized has not found general favour.
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glaze

a coating of ice, generally clear and smooth but usually containing some air pockets, formed on exposed objects by freezing of a film of super-cooled water deposited by rain, drizzle, fog, or possibly condensed from super-cooled water vapor; glaze is denser, harder and more transparent, than either rime or hoarfrost.

global observing system

global network of observational stations which is the coordinated system of methods, techniques and facilities for making observations on a world-wide scale in the framework of the World Weather Watch, a World Meteorological Organization program.

global telecommunication system

the coordinated global system of telecommunication facilities and arrangements for the rapid collection, exchange and distribution of observational data in the framework of the World Weather Watch, a World Meteorological Organization program.

gradient wind

the same as geostrophic wind, but blowing parallel to curved isobars or contours; the curved airflow pattern around a pressure center results from a balance among pressure-gradient force, coriolis force, and centrifugal force.

granic cryogenic fabric

a distinct soil micromorphology, resulting from the effects of freezing and thawing processes, in which soil particles form discrete loosely packed units.

granoidic cryogenic fabric

a distinct soil micromorphology, resulting from the effects of freezing and thawing processes, in which soil particles form more or less discrete loosely packed units.

graupel

snowflakes that become rounded pellets due to riming; typical sizes are 2 to 5 millimeters in diameter (0.1 to 0.2 inch); graupel is sometimes mistaken for hail.
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gravimetric (total) water content

the ratio of the mass of the water and ice in a sample to the dry mass of the sample, commonly expressed as a percentage.

gravity wave

a wave disturbance in which buoyancy (or reduced gravity) acts as a restoring force on parcels displaced from hydrostatic equilibrium; there is a direct oscillatory conversion between potential and kinetic energy in the wave motion.

gravity wind

a cold wind blowing down an incline; a kind of katabatic wind.

grease ice

a very thin, soupy layer of frazil crystals clumped together, which makes the ocean surface resemble an oil slick.
Grease ice (thin, light-grey area) with thick ice floes. (Photo courtesy of Ted Maksym, United States Naval Academy.)
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Greenland high

the anticyclone that appears to overlie Greenland; analogous to the antarctic anticyclone.

grey-white ice

a category of young ice 15 to 30 centimeters (6 to 12 inches) thick, named for its color.
Thin grey-white ice showing the effects of ridging and rafting. (Photo courtesy of the Antarctic Sea-Ice Processes and Climate program (ASPeCt).)
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grid

a finite collection of points to which the meteorological variables used in a numerical model, or interpolated from observations, apply; a field of such regular values (points) is termed gridded field.

ground ice

a general term referring to all types of ice contained in freezing and frozen ground.

ground moraine

continuous layer of till near the edge or underneath a steadily retreating glacier.
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growler

an iceberg less than 2 meters (6.6 feet) across that floats with less than 1 meter (3.3 feet) showing above water; smaller than a bergy bit.

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