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Microstructural Location and Composition of Impurities in Polar Ice Cores

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Entry ID

NSIDC-0436

Summary

This data set contains measurements of impurities and ions in three polar ice cores: the Vostok 5G ice core and the Byrd ice core from Antarctica, and the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) D core. Parameters include sample depth, grain size, ion concentration, and ice core impurity information. Measurements were made using Ion Chromatography (IC), optical microscopy, and Scanning Electron Microscope-Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (SEM/EDS).

Data are available via FTP in Microsoft Excel (.xls)and Microsoft Word (.doc) formats.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: -80.016667°     S: -80.016667°     E: -119.516667°     W: -119.516667°     Min Altitude: 1530 meters     Max Altitude: 1530 meters    
N: 72.583333°     S: 72.583333°     E: -38.466667°     W: -38.466667°     Min Altitude: 3203 meters     Max Altitude: 3203 meters    
N: 72.583333°     S: 72.583333°     E: -38.466667°     W: -38.466667°     Min Depth: 94 meters     Max Depth: 2950 meters
N: -72.466667°     S: -72.466667°     E: 106.8°     W: 106.8°     Min Altitude: 3500 meters     Max Altitude: 3500 meters    
N: -72.466667°     S: -72.466667°     E: 106.8°     W: 106.8°     Min Depth: 248 meters     Max Depth: 3416 meters

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Baker, I. and R. Obbard.
Dataset Title: Microstructural Location and Composition of Impurities in Polar Ice Cores
Dataset Release Date: 2010-02-15
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0436.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5DF6P5P

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1999-01-01
Stop Date: 2005-12-30

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA
  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA GREENLAND
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Ice Sheets
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records Ice Core Air Bubbles
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records Ions
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records Particulate Matter

Ancillary Keywords

  • Antarctic Ice Sheet
  • Ice Core
  • Ice Core Chemistry
  • Ice Core Data
  • Ice Cores
  • Ice Sheet
  • Microstructure

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • LABORATORY

Instrument

  • ION CHROMATOGRAPHS
  • PARTICLE DETECTORS
  • SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPES

Project

  • GISP2 Greenland Ice Sheet Project II

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

AGDC

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/agdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: AGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 700 KB
Distribution Format: Microsoft Excel

Personnel

Ian Baker
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: Ian.Baker@Dartmouth.edu
Contact Address:

  • Dartmouth University
  • Thayer School of Engineering
  • 8000 Cummings Hall

City: Hanover
Province or State: NH
Postal Code: 03755
Country: USA

Rachel Obbard
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 603 646-9613 x
Email: Rachel.W.Obbard@Dartmouth.EDU
Contact Address:

  • Dartmouth University
  • Thayer School of Engineering
  • 8000 Cummings Hall

City: Hanover
Province or State: NH
Postal Code: 03755
Country: USA

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Antarctic Glaciological Data Center

Reference

Alley, R. B and G. A. Woods, 1996. Impurity influence on normal grain growth in the GISP2 ice core, Greenland. J. Glaciol., 42(141), 255-260.

Baker, I., D. l Iliescu, R. Obbard, H. Chang, B. N. Bostick,and C. P. Daghlian. 2006. Microstructural characterization of ice cores, Annals of Glaciology, vol. 42, p. 441.

Baker, I., R. W. Obbard, D. Iliescu and D. Meese. 2007. Microstructural Characterization of Firn. Hydrological Processes, vol. 21, no. 12, p. 1624. Baker, I., R. W. Obbard, D. Iliescu and D. Meese. 2006. Microstructural Characterization of Firn. Proceedings of the 46th Eastern Snow Conference, Bibliography: p. 211.

Buck, C. F., P. A. Mayewski, M. J. Spencer, S. Whitlow, M. S. Twickler, and D. Barrett. 1992. Determination of major ions in snow and ice cores by ion chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A, Volume 594, Issues 1-2, 6 March, Pages 225-228, doi: 10.1016/0021-9673(92)80334-Q.

Cullen, D. C. 2002. The Structure and Chemistry of Polar Glacier Ice. PhD Thesis, Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH.

Cullen, D. C. and I. Baker. 2000. Correspondence. The Chemistry of Grain Boundaries in Greenland Ice. J. Glaciology, 46(155), 703-706.

Cullen D. C. and I. Baker. 2001. Observations of Impurities in Ice. Microsc. Res. Tech., 55(3), 198-207.

Gow, A. J., D. A. Meese, R. B. Alley, J. J. Fitzpatrick, S. Anandakrishnan, G. A. Woods and B. C. Elder. 1997. Physical and structural properties of the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 ice core: A review. J. Geophys. Res., 102(C12), 26559-26575. Iliescu, D. and I. Baker. 2008. Effects of Impurities and their Redistribution during Recrystallization in Ice Crystals, Journal of Glaciology, vol. 54, p. 362.

Obbard, R., I. Baker and D. Iliescu. 2006. Grain Boundary Grooving in Ice in a Scanning Electron Microscope, Journal of Glaciology, vol. 52, no. 176, p. 169.

Obbard, R., I. Baker and K. Sieg. 2007. Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction Patterns to Examine Recrystallization in Polar Ice Sheets, Journal of Glaciology, vol. 52, no. 179, p. 546.

Obbard, R. and I. Baker. 2007. The Microstructure of Meteoric Ice from Vostok, Antarctica, Journal of Glaciology, vol. 53, no. 180, p. 41.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2010-02-15
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-20

Metadata Views

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Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

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Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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