Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data

View Catalog Page

Entry ID

NSIDC-0423

Summary

This data set comprises a 50-year record of daily extratropical cyclone statistics computed for the Northern Hemisphere. Cyclone locations and characteristics were obtained by applying the updated Serreze (1997) algorithm to daily Sea Level Pressure (SLP) data at six-hour intervals (Serreze and Barrett 2008). The SLP source data are part of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Reanalysis data set, an assimilation of various atmospheric data collected by a wide variety of sensors within a global weather model. The parameters included in this data set are the position and central pressure of each cyclone, the distance the center of the cyclone traveled, whether the observation represents a cyclogenesis or cyclolysis event, and the local Laplacian of SLP and Sea Level Pressure Tendency (SLPT) at each cyclone center. The total volume of this data set is approximately 150 megabytes. Data are provided in tab-delimited ASCII text format and are available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 90°     S: 0°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Serreze, Mark.
Dataset Title: Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
Dataset Release Date: 2009-11-19
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0423.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1958-01-01
Stop Date: 2008-12-31

Data Resolution

Temporal Resolution: 06:00:00

Location Keywords

  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Phenomena Cyclones
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Phenomena Storms
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Anticyclones/Cyclones
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Differential Pressure
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Pressure Tendency
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Sea Level Pressure

Ancillary Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Cyclogenesis
  • Cyclolysis
  • Cyclones
  • Laplacian Pressure
  • NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
  • NSIDC DAAC
  • NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • Pressure
  • Pressure Tendency
  • Sea Level Pressure

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
  • ICESAT Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite
  • MODELS
  • NOAA-4 National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-4
  • SATELLITES

Instrument

  • ALTIMETERS
  • AWS Automated Weather System
  • BAROMETERS
  • CEILOMETERS
  • DRIFTING BUOYS
  • DRY BULB THERMOMETERS
  • HIRS High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder
  • HUMIDITY SENSORS
  • HYGROMETERS
  • MSU Microwave Sounding Unit
  • PRESSURE SENSORS
  • RADAR Radio Detection and Ranging
  • RADIOSONDES
  • RAIN GAUGES
  • RAWINSONDES
  • SIRS Satellite Infrared Spectrometer
  • SOIL TEMPERATURE PROBE
  • SOUNDERS
  • SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
  • SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit
  • TEMPERATURE SENSORS
  • THERMOMETERS
  • VISUAL OBSERVATIONS
  • VTPR Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer
  • WAVE HEIGHT GAUGES
  • WET BULB THERMOMETERS
  • XBT Expendable Bathythermographs

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

NSIDC_DAAC

Data Center

NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 150 MB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Mark C. Serreze
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: serreze@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
ARCSS Data

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
ARCSS Data

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Arctic Cyclone Track Data Set, 1966-1993

Reference

Armstrong, R. L., and M. J. Brodzik. 1995. An Earth-Gridded SSM/I Data Set for Cryospheric Studies and Global Change Monitoring. Advances in Space Research 16: 155-63.

Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, Y. Zhu, A. Leetmaa, R. Reynolds, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgins, J. Janowiak, K. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, R. Jenne, and D. Joseph. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77, 437–471.

Kistler, R., E. Kalnay, W. Collins, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, M. Kanamitsu, V. Kousky, H. van den Dool, R. Jenne, and M. Fiorino. 2001. The NCEP-NCAR 50-Year Reanalysis: Monthly Means CD-ROM and Documentation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 247-268. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0247:TNNYRM>2.3.CO;2.

Krasnopolsky, V. M., L. C. Breaker, and W. H. Gemmill. 1995. A Neural Network as a Nonlinear Transfer Function Model for Retrieving Surface Wind Speeds from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C6), 11,033–11,045. PDF

Serreze, M. C., and A. P. Barrett. 2008. The Summer Cyclone Maximum over the Central Arctic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 1048–1065. doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1810.1.

Serreze, M. C., A. H. Lynch, and M. P. Clark. 2001. The Arctic Frontal Zone as Seen in the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 14, 1550–1567. doi: <1550:TAFZAS>2.0.CO;2.

Serreze, M. C., F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers. 1997. Icelandic Low Cyclone Activity: Climatological Features, Linkages with the NAO, and Relationships with Recent Changes in the Northern Hemisphere Circulation. Journal of Climate, 10, 453–464. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0453:ILCACF>2.0.CO;2.

Serreze, M. C. 1995. Climatological Aspects of Cyclone Development and Decay in the Arctic..ATMOSPHERIC-OCEAN 33 (1), 1-23. PDF

Tsukernik, M., D. N. Kindig, and M. C. Serreze. 2007. Characteristics of Winter Cyclone Activity in the Northern North Atlantic: Insights from Observations and Regional Modeling. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(d3): D03101, doi:10.1029/2006JD007184.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2009-11-19
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-28

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

Back to Top