Entry_ID: NSIDC-0387
Entry_Title: SMEX04 Landsat TM/ETM+ NDVI and NDWI, Arizona
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Cosh, M., E. R. Hunt, Jr., T. Jackson, and M. T. Yilmaz. 
   Dataset_Title: SMEX04 Landsat TM/ETM+ NDVI and NDWI, Arizona
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2009-05-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC DAAC: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0387.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Michael
   Last_Name: Cosh
   Email: mcosh@hydrolab.arsusda.gov
   Phone: 1 301 504-6461 x
   Fax: 1 301  504-8931 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service
      Address: Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
      Address: Bldg. 007, Rm. 104, BARC-West
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Michael
   Last_Name: Cosh
   Email: mcosh@hydrolab.arsusda.gov
   Phone: 1 301 504-6461 x
   Fax: 1 301  504-8931 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service
      Address: Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
      Address: Bldg. 007, Rm. 104, BARC-West
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: E.
   Middle_Name: Raymond
   Last_Name: Hunt, Jr.
   Email: erhunt@hydrolab.arsusda.gov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: United States Department of Agriculture
      Address: ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
      Address: Rm 104 Bldg 007 BARC-West
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Thomas
   Last_Name: Jackson
   Email: tjackson@hydrolab.arsusda.gov
   Phone: 1 301 504-8511 
   Fax: 1 301  504-8931 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: U.S. Department of Agriculture
      Address: ARS Hydrology Lab
      Address: USDA ARS Hydrology Lab
      Address: 104 Bldg. 007
      Address: BARC-West
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Thomas
   Last_Name: Jackson
   Email: tjackson@hydrolab.arsusda.gov
   Phone: 1 301 504-8511 
   Fax: 1 301  504-8931 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: U.S. Department of Agriculture
      Address: ARS Hydrology Lab
      Address: USDA ARS Hydrology Lab
      Address: 104 Bldg. 007
      Address: BARC-West
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: M.
   Middle_Name: Tugrul
   Last_Name: Yilmaz
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: United States Department of Agriculture
      Address: ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory
      City: Beltsville
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20705
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Biosphere
   Term: Vegetation
   Variable_Level_1: Vegetation Index
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: AMSR-E
Keyword: DAAC
Keyword: NASA
Keyword: NDVI
Keyword: NDWI
Keyword: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
Keyword: Normalized Difference Water Index
Keyword: NSIDC DAAC
Keyword: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Keyword: Satellite
Keyword: Satellite Imagery
Keyword: SMEX
Keyword: Soil Moisture
Keyword: Surface Soil Moisture
Sensor_Name: ETM+ > Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus
Sensor_Name: TM > Thematic Mapper
Source_Name: LANDSAT-5
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 2004-08-30
   Stop_Date: 2004-08-30
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 2004-07-29
   Stop_Date: 2004-07-29
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 2004-06-11
   Stop_Date: 2004-06-11
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 29.3
   Northernmost_Latitude: 32.7
   Westernmost_Longitude: -111.4
   Easternmost_Longitude: -108.6
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: NORTH AMERICA
   Location_Subregion1: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
   Location_Subregion2: ARIZONA
End_Group
Project: SMEX04 > Soil Moisture Experiments in 2004
Data_Set_Language: English
Originating_Center: NSIDC_DAAC
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NASA DAAC > NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 109 MB
   Distribution_Format: Binary
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Refer to the USDA SMEX04 Web site (http://hydrolab.arsusda.gov/smex04/) for 
   in-depth information on the science mission and goal of the SMEX project. 

    Adler-Golden, S. M., M. W. Matthew, L. S. Bernstein, R. Y. Levine, A. Berk, 
   S. C. Richtsmeier, P. K. Acharya, G. P. Anderson, G. Felde, J. Gardner, M. 
   Hoke, L. S. Jeong, B. Pukall, J. Mello, A. Ratkowski, and H. H. Burke. 1999. 
   Atmospheric Correction for Shortwave Spectral Imagery Based on MODTRAN4.SPIE 
   Processing. Imaging Spectrometry V, 3753: 61-91.

   Gao, B. C. 1996. NDWI - A Normalized Difference Water Index for Remote Sensing 
   of Vegetation Liquid Water from Space. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 58: 
   257-266.   

   Vermote, E. F., D. Tanre, J. L. Deuze, M. Herman, and J. J. Morcrette. 1997. 
   Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum, 6S: An 
   Overview. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 35: 675-686.

   Vermote, E. F., N. E. Saleous, C. O. Justice, Y. J. Kaufman, J. L. Prevette, 
   L. Remer, J. C. Roger, and D. Tanre. 1997. Atmospheric Correction of Visible 
   to Middle-infrared EOS-MODIS Data Over Land Surface: Background, Operational 
   Algorithm and Validation. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 102: 
   17131-17141.

   Vermote, E. F., and A. Vermeulen. 1999. Atmospheric Correction Algorithm: 
   Spectral Reflectances (MOD09). Algorithm Technical Background Document. 
   http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/atbd/atbd_mod08.pdf, 1.8 MB.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   Notice to Data Users: The documentation for this data set was provided solely 
   by the Principal Investigator(s) and was not further developed, thoroughly 
   reviewed, or edited by NSIDC. Thus, support for this data set may be limited.

   This Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference 
   Water Index (NDWI) data set was developed from Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) 
   and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data for use in studying land cover 
   features during the Soil Moisture Experiment 2004 (SMEX04). Data acquired on 
   11 June, 29 July, and 30 August 2004 were used to create large-scale maps of 
   NDVI and NDWI in order to accurately estimate the surface soil moisture via 
   microwave remote sensing. Regional study areas include Arizona, USA and 
   Sonora, Mexico. These data are uncorrected for the atmosphere and should not 
   be compared to long-term data records of vegetation. The total volume for this 
   data set is approximately 16 gigabytes. Data are in flat, eight-bit binary 
   format and are available via FTP.

   These data were collected as part of a validation study for the Advanced 
   Microwave Scanning Radiometer - Earth Observing System (AMSR-E). AMSR-E is a 
   mission instrument launched aboard NASA's Aqua Satellite on 04 May 2002. 
   AMSR-E validation studies linked to SMEX are designed to evaluate the accuracy 
   of AMSR-E soil moisture data. Specific validation objectives include assessing 
   and refining soil moisture algorithm performance; verifying soil moisture 
   estimation accuracy; investigating the effects of vegetation, surface 
   temperature, topography, and soil texture on soil moisture accuracy; and 
   determining the regions that are useful for AMSR-E soil moisture measurements.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/amsre/
   Description: AMSR-E/Aqua Data
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/amsr_validation/
   Description: AMSR-E Validation Data
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2009-05-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-11-12
DIF_Revision_History:  updated location, URLs, and title for AZ data set.