NASA SCP Arctic and Antarctic Ice Extent from QuikSCAT, 1999-2009

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

NASA SCP Arctic and Antarctic Ice Extent from QuikSCAT, 1999-2009

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-11-27

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0265.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA SCP Arctic and Antarctic Ice Extent from QuikSCAT, 1999-2009
Date:
Date: 2013
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition: 2
Edition Date: 2013-04-03
Identifier: NSIDC-0265
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC DAAC User Services
Organization Name: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

This data set provides sea ice extent for the Arctic (60-90 degrees North) and Antarctic (52-90 degrees South) in Scatterometer Image Reconstruction (SIR) binary image format, along with ASCII text files containing latitude and longitude coordinates along the sea ice edge, and browse images of SIR files in Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) format. Ancillary products include daily-averaged total sea ice extent in ASCII format. Estimates of sea ice extent were produced from daily-averaged QuikSCAT sigma-0 measurements and extend from 19 July 1999 to 31 December 2009. QuikSCAT obtains 12 individual radar normalized backscatter (sigma-0) measurements, called slices, for each footprint as it scans over a 1800 km wide swath. Slices are typically 4 to 6 km long by 20 km wide. The summed measurements of the slices are called egg measurements. The effective resolution and shape of each egg measurement is approximately 20 by 30 km, depending on the antenna beam and instrument mode. This data set contains both slice and egg images for each day. The Microwave Earth Remote Sensing (MERS) group at Brigham Young University (BYU) developed a SIR-with-filtering (SIRF) algorithm that combines forward- and aft-looking sigma-0 measurements to produce enhanced-resolution backscatter images over various azimuth angles. The polarization ratio, incidence angle dependence, and the sigma-0 estimate error standard deviation were used to discriminate between sea ice and ocean. Sea ice extent was estimated for both slice and egg images. The nominal pixel resolution of the slice images is 2.225 km with an estimated effective resolution of approximately 4 km. Egg images have a nominal pixel resolution of 4.45 km with an estimated effective resolution of approximately 8 to 10 km. Data and browse images are available via FTP, along with C, Fortran, and Interactive Data Language (IDL) tools to read and display the SIR images.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Long, D. G. 2013. NASA SCP Arctic and Antarctic Ice Extent from QuikSCAT, 1999-2009. Version 2. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: David G. Long
Organization Name: Brigham Young University
Contact:

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: 459 Clyde Building
City: Provo
Administrative Area: UT
Postal Code: 84602
Country: USA
Email: long@et.byu.edu

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > Antarctica
Keyword: Geographic Region > Arctic
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Sea Ice > Ice Extent
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Sea Ice > Ice Extent
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Sea Ice > Ice Extent
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Sea Ice > Ice Extent
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: SCP > NASA Scatterometer Climate Record Pathfinder
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Project Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: DAAC
Keyword: ice sheets
Keyword: Ku- band radar
Keyword: LANDFORMS
Keyword: NASA
Keyword: NSIDC DAAC
Keyword: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Keyword: QuikSCAT
Keyword: Satellite Radar Data
Keyword: Scatterometer
Keyword: SCP > Scatterometer Climate Record Pathfinder
Keyword: Sea Ice Extent
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Any use of images or data should include the following acknowledgement and citations: 'Ice extent images (or maps) are courtesy of David G. Long at Brigham Young University, generated by the Scatterometer Climate Record Pathfinder project from data obtained from the PO.DAAC.' Early, D.S., and and D.G. Long. 2001. Image reconstruction and enhanced resolution imaging from irregular samples. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 39(2): 291-302. Long, D.G. 2004. NASA SCP arctic and antarctic ice extent from QuikSCAT, 1999-2004. Boulder, CO, USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media. Remund, Q.P., and D.G. Long. 1999. Sea ice extent mapping using Ku-band scatterometer data. Journal of Geophysical Research 104(C5): 11515-11527. Please send reprints of papers, reports, or presentations using these data to NSIDC User Services, the Physical Oceanography Distributed Active Archive Center (PO.DAAC) and David Long.

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Topic Category:

Value: climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
CodeList: MD_topicCategoryCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: -180
Eastbound Longitude: 180
Southbound Latitude: -90
Northbound Latitude: 90

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: 19990719
End Position: 20091231

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC DAAC User Services
Organization Name: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: Binary
Specification: FTP 12 to 17 MB

Data File Format:

Name: GIF
Specification: FTP 7 to 10 MB

Data File Format:

Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Specification: FTP 4 to 5 MB

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/nsidc0265_QuikSCAT_ice_extent/
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/daac/nsidc0265_scatterometry_ice_extent.gd.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Density: 12
Density Units: o 17 MB
Medium Name: FTP

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Data Acquisition Information:

Instrument Information:

Instrument:

Name: SCATTEROMETERS
Type: sensor

Instrument:

Name: SEAWINDS > SeaWinds
Type: sensor

Platform Information:

Platform:

Name: QUIKSCAT > Quick Recovery Scatterometer
Description: satellite
Instrument: N/A

Platform:

Name: SATELLITES
Description: satellite
Instrument: N/A

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)