Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data

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Entry ID

NSIDC-0190

Summary

This product consists of meteorological data from 105 Arctic weather stations and 137 Antarctic stations, extracted from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)'s Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) database. Variables include wind direction, wind speed, visibility, air temperature, dew point temperature, and sea level pressure. Temporal coverage varies by station, with the earliest record in 1913 and the latest in 2002. Data are in tab-delimited ASCII text format, with one file per station and year. Graphs of meteorological variables throughout the time series accompany the ASCII data. Data are available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 83.633°     S: 59.983°     E: -13.583°     W: -73.167°    
N: -60.717°     S: -90°     E: 178.72°     W: 0°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Julienne Stroeve and Christopher Shuman
Dataset Title: Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data
Dataset Release Date: 2004-01-07
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0190.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1913-01-01
Stop Date: 2002-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA
  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA GREENLAND

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Air Quality Visibility
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Sea Level Pressure
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Surface Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Dew Point Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Surface Winds

Ancillary Keywords

  • Air Temperature
  • Antarctica
  • Arctic
  • Automated Weather Station Data
  • Automated Weather Stations
  • DAAC
  • EOSDIS
  • Greenland
  • Near-surface Wind Speeds
  • NSIDC
  • NSIDC DAAC
  • Sea Level Pressure
  • Station Data
  • Visibility
  • Wind Direction
  • Wind Speed

Platform

  • ARWS Automatic Remote Weather Station
  • ASOS Automated Surface Observing System

Project

  • EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data Information System
  • ESIP Earth Science Information Partners Program

Quality

NCDC, AFCCC, and FNMOD (2000) states that 'data have undergone extensive automated quality control, and additional manual quality control for U.S. Air Force stations, U.S. Navy stations, and U.S. National Weather Service stations.' Upon extracting and reformatting the data, Julienne Stroeve (NSIDC) checked that all data values were correctly filled in.

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

NSIDC_DAAC

Data Center

NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 1 - 1536 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Julienne Stroeve
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: stroeve@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • CIRES
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309

Christopher A. Shuman
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 301 614-5706
Email: Christopher.A.Shuman@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Cryospheric Sciences Branch
  • Cryospheric Sciences Branch
  • Code 614.1
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

Reference

AFCCC. 1998. Documentation for DATSAV3 surface hourly data. Asheville, NC: AFCCC.

http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/documentlibrary/tddoc/td9955.pdf Lott, N., R. Baldwin, and P. Jones. 2001. The FCC Integrated Surface Hourly Database, NCDC Technical Report 2001-01. Asheville, NC: NCDC. http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/techrpts/tr200101/tr2001-01.pdf

NCDC, AFCCC, and FNMOD. 2000. Federal Climate Complex data documentation for integerated surface hourly data. Asheville, NC: National Climatic Data Center. http://support.weblakes.com/Resource/td3505.pdf

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2004-01-07
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-26

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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