Close

Service Interruption



Siple Dome Core Date from Measurement of the d18O of Paleoatmospheric Oxygen

View Catalog Page

Entry ID

NSIDC-0123

Summary

This data set is part of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Cores (WAISCORES) project, an NSF-funded project to understand the influence of the West Antarctic ice sheet on climate and sea level change. WAISCORES researchers acquired and analyzed ice core samples from the Siple Dome, in the Siple Coast region, West Antarctica. This data set includes a timescale record for the Siple Dome ice core. This chronology is derived by measuring the delta oxygen-18 of paleoatmospheric oxygen (δ18Oatm) then correlating those measurements to the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) record by adjusting the Siple Dome timescale so that its curve of δ18Oatm coincided with that of GISP2. The replicate samples were measured at 1 to 1.5 kiloyear (kyr) resolution for the length of the core. Because of core relaxation and cracking at the surface associated with gas loss and a small fractionation of O isotopes associated with loss of O2, the δ18Oatm timescale and accuracy of the constraints of the Siple Dome control depths are subject to limited error. Data are available via FTP in Microsoft Excel (.xls) and Word (.doc) file formats.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: -81°     S: -81°     E: -149°     W: -149°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Michael Bender
Dataset Title: Siple Dome Core Date from Measurement of the d18O of Paleoatmospheric Oxygen
Dataset Release Date: 2003-06-16
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0123.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5TX3C95

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1996-01-01
Stop Date: 1999-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Glacier Thickness/Ice Sheet Thickness
  • Cryosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Ice Sheets
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow/Ice Chemistry
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Stratigraphy
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records Isotopes
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Glacier Thickness/Ice Sheet Thickness
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Ice Sheets
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow/Ice Chemistry
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Stratigraphy

Ancillary Keywords

  • accumulation
  • AGDC
  • Antarctica
  • d18O
  • densification
  • Glaciology
  • Ice Core
  • Ice Sheet
  • ISOTOPES
  • NSIDC
  • Paleotemperature
  • Siple
  • Siple Coast
  • Siple Dome
  • Snow
  • stratigraphy
  • thermometry
  • WAIS
  • WAISCORES

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
  • GROUND STATIONS
  • LABORATORY

Instrument

  • CORING DEVICES

Project

  • WAISCORES West Antarctic Ice Sheet Cores

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

AGDC

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/agdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: AGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 235 KB
Distribution Format: Microsoft Excel

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 52 KB
Distribution Format: Microsoft Word

Personnel

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Michael Bender
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 609 258-2936
Email: bender@princeton.edu
Contact Address:

  • Princeton University
  • Department of Geosciences
  • M48 Guyot Hall

City: Princeton
Province or State: NJ
Postal Code: 08544
Country: USA

James White
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-5494
Email: jwhite@spot.colorado.edu
Contact Address:

  • University of Colorado
  • INSTAAR
  • Campus Box 450

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
WAISCORES Product Web Site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE

Reference

Bender, M. L., G. Floch, J. Chappellaz, M. Suwa, J. M. Barnola, T. Blunier, G. Dreyfus, J. Jouzel, and F. Parrenin. 2006. Gas Age–Ice Age Differences and the Chronology of the Vostok Ice Core, 0–100 ka. Journal of Geophysical Research 111:D21115: doi:10.1029/2005JD006488.

Bender, M. L., B. Malaize, J. Orchardo, T. Sowers, and J. Jouzel. 1999. High Precision Correlations of Greenland and Antarctic Ice Core Records Over the Last 100 kyr. In Mechanisms of Global Climate Change, eds. P. U. Clark, R. S. Webb, and L. D. Keigwin. American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 112:149–164.

Brook, E. J., J. W. C. White, A. Schilla, M. Bender, B. Barnett, J. Severinghaus, K. Taylor, R. Alley, and E. Steig. 2005. Timing of Millennial-scale Climate Change at Siple Dome, West Antarctica, During the Last Glacial Period. Quaternary Science Reviews 24:1333-1343: doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2005.02.002.

Schilla, A. 2007. The Stable Isotopes and Deuterium Excess from the Siple Dome Ice Core: Implications for the Late Quaternary Climate and Elevation History of the Ross Sea Region, West Antarctica. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado.

Schilla, A., T. Popp, J. W. C. White, M. Bender, E. Brook, E. Steig, and K. Taylor. 2002. Stable Isotope Record From Siple Dome, Antarctica. Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 83(19):A32B-12.

Sowers, T., M. Bender, and D. Raynaud. 1989. Elemental and Isotopic Composition of Occluded O2 and N2 in Polar Ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 94: 5137-5150.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-06-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-15

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

Back to Top