Entry_ID: NSIDC-0097
Entry_Title: Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Christopher Shuman, Charles Stearns
   Dataset_Title: Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2006-11-28
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0097.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N55D8PS0
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Christopher
   Middle_Name: A.
   Last_Name: Shuman
   Email: Christopher.A.Shuman@nasa.gov
   Phone: 1 301 614-5706 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
      Address: Cryospheric Sciences Branch
      Address: Cryospheric Sciences Branch
      Address: Code 614.1
      Address: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
      City: Greenbelt
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20771
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Charles
   Middle_Name: R.
   Last_Name: Stearns
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Polar Meteorological Research Establishment
      Address: University of Wisconsin Madison
      City: Madison
      Province_or_State: WI
      Postal_Code: 53706
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Air Temperature
End_Group
Keyword: AGDC
Keyword: Antarctica
Keyword: Automated Weather Stations
Keyword: Automatic Weather Stations
Keyword: AWS
Keyword: AWS Byrd Station
Keyword: AWS Lettau
Keyword: AWS Lynn
Keyword: AWS Siple
Keyword: Emissivity Modeling
Keyword: Inland
Keyword: Interior
Keyword: Near-surface Air Temperatures
Keyword: NSIDC
Keyword: Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures
Keyword: Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
Keyword: Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
Keyword: SSM/I
Keyword: SSMR
Keyword: Surface Temperatures
Keyword: Tbs
Keyword: WAIS
Keyword: West Antarctica
Keyword: West Antarctic Ice Sheet
Sensor_Name: AWS > Automated Weather System
Sensor_Name: SMMR > Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
Sensor_Name: SSM/I > Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
Source_Name: DMSP > Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
Source_Name: NIMBUS-7
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1978-10-25
   Stop_Date: 1997-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -82.52
   Northernmost_Latitude: -82.52
   Westernmost_Longitude: -174.45
   Easternmost_Longitude: -174.45
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -80.01
   Northernmost_Latitude: -80.01
   Westernmost_Longitude: -119.4
   Easternmost_Longitude: -119.4
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -75.9
   Northernmost_Latitude: -75.9
   Westernmost_Longitude: -84
   Easternmost_Longitude: -84
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -74.21
   Northernmost_Latitude: -74.21
   Westernmost_Longitude: 160.41
   Easternmost_Longitude: 160.41
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ANTARCTICA
   Detailed_Location: WEST ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: POLAR
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: AGDC > Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/agdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: AGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Maslanik, J.A., J.R. Key, and R.G. Barry. 1989. Merging AVHRR and SMMR data 
   for remote sensing of ice and cloud in polar regions. International Journal of 
   Remote Sensing 10:1691-1696.

   Shuman, C.A., R.B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, and C.R. Stearns. 1995. An 
   empirical technique for estimating near-surface air temperatures in central 
   Greenland from SSM/I brightness temperatures. Remote Sensing of the 
   Environment 51:245-252.

   Shuman, C.A., and C.R. Stearns. 2001. Decadal-length composite inland West 
   Antarctic temperature records. Journal of Climate 14:1977-1988.

   Stearns, C.R., L.M. Keller, G.A. Weidner, and M. Sievers. 1993. Monthly Mean 
   Climatic Data for Antarctic Automatic Weather Stations. American Geophysical 
   Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 61:1-21.

   Stearns, C.R., and G.A. Weidner. 1993. Sensible and Latent Heat Flux Estimates 
   in the Antarctic.  American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 
   61:109-138.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This data set includes daily, monthly, and yearly mean surface air 
   temperatures for four interior West Antarctic sites between 1978 and 1997.  
   Data include air surface temperatures measured at the Byrd, Lettau, Lynn, and 
   Siple Station automatic weather stations.  In addition, because weather 
   stations in Antarctica are difficult to maintain, and resulting multi-decade 
   records are often incomplete, the investigators also calculated surface 
   temperatures from satellite passive microwave brightness temperatures. 
   Calibration of 37-GHz vertically polarized brightness temperature data during 
   periods of known air temperature, using emissivity modeling, allowed the 
   investigators to replace data gaps with calibrated brightness temperatures.

   MS Excel data files and GIF images derived from the data are available via ftp 
   from the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://uwamrc.ssec.wisc.edu/aws/
   Description: Automated Weather Station Project Web site
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0001.html
   Description: Access to NSIDC's SSM/I Daily Polar Gridded Brightness Temperatures
End_Group
IDN_Node: USA/NOAA
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2006-11-28
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2014-03-13
DIF_Revision_History: Removed USADCC logo for Search cleanup.