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Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records

View Catalog Page

Entry ID

NSIDC-0097

Summary

This data set includes daily, monthly, and yearly mean surface air temperatures for four interior West Antarctic sites between 1978 and 1997. Data include air surface temperatures measured at the Byrd, Lettau, Lynn, and Siple Station automatic weather stations. In addition, because weather stations in Antarctica are difficult to maintain, and resulting multi-decade records are often incomplete, the investigators also calculated surface temperatures from satellite passive microwave brightness temperatures. Calibration of 37-GHz vertically polarized brightness temperature data during periods of known air temperature, using emissivity modeling, allowed the investigators to replace data gaps with calibrated brightness temperatures.

MS Excel data files and GIF images derived from the data are available via ftp from the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: -82.52°     S: -82.52°     E: -174.45°     W: -174.45°    
N: -80.01°     S: -80.01°     E: -119.4°     W: -119.4°    
N: -75.9°     S: -75.9°     E: -84°     W: -84°    
N: -74.21°     S: -74.21°     E: 160.41°     W: 160.41°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Christopher Shuman, Charles Stearns
Dataset Title: Decadal-Length Composite West Antarctic Air Temperature Records
Dataset Release Date: 2006-11-28
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0097.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N55D8PS0

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1978-10-25
Stop Date: 1997-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA WEST ANTARCTIC ICE SHEET
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Surface Air Temperature

Ancillary Keywords

  • AGDC
  • Antarctica
  • Automated Weather Stations
  • Automatic Weather Stations
  • AWS
  • AWS Byrd Station
  • AWS Lettau
  • AWS Lynn
  • AWS Siple
  • Emissivity Modeling
  • Inland
  • Interior
  • Near-surface Air Temperatures
  • NSIDC
  • Passive Microwave Brightness Temperatures
  • Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
  • Special Sensor Microwave/Imager
  • SSM/I
  • SSMR
  • Surface Temperatures
  • Tbs
  • WAIS
  • West Antarctica
  • West Antarctic Ice Sheet

Platform

  • DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
  • NIMBUS-7

Instrument

  • AWS Automated Weather System
  • SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
  • SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/agdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: AGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Personnel

Christopher A. Shuman
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 301 614-5706
Email: Christopher.A.Shuman@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Cryospheric Sciences Branch
  • Cryospheric Sciences Branch
  • Code 614.1
  • NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

Charles R. Stearns
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Polar Meteorological Research Establishment
  • University of Wisconsin Madison

City: Madison
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53706

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Automated Weather Station Project Web site

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Access to NSIDC's SSM/I Daily Polar Gridded Brightness Temperatures

Reference

Maslanik, J.A., J.R. Key, and R.G. Barry. 1989. Merging AVHRR and SMMR data for remote sensing of ice and cloud in polar regions. International Journal of Remote Sensing 10:1691-1696.

Shuman, C.A., R.B. Alley, S. Anandakrishnan, and C.R. Stearns. 1995. An empirical technique for estimating near-surface air temperatures in central Greenland from SSM/I brightness temperatures. Remote Sensing of the Environment 51:245-252.

Shuman, C.A., and C.R. Stearns. 2001. Decadal-length composite inland West Antarctic temperature records. Journal of Climate 14:1977-1988.

Stearns, C.R., L.M. Keller, G.A. Weidner, and M. Sievers. 1993. Monthly Mean Climatic Data for Antarctic Automatic Weather Stations. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 61:1-21.

Stearns, C.R., and G.A. Weidner. 1993. Sensible and Latent Heat Flux Estimates in the Antarctic. American Geophysical Union Antarctic Research Series, Vol. 61:109-138.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2006-11-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-03-13

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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