Entry_ID: NSIDC-0070
Entry_Title: Antarctic Ice Velocity Data
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Ted Scambos, compiler
   Dataset_Title: Antarctic Ice Velocity Data
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2004-03-23
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0070.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5KS6PH5
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Robert
   Last_Name: Bindschadler
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Mail Code 971
      Address: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
      City: Greenbelt
      Province_or_State: MD
      Postal_Code: 20771
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Charles
   Last_Name: Raymond
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Washington
      Address: University of Washington
      Address: Geophysics Program Box 351650
      City: Seattle
      Province_or_State: WA
      Postal_Code: 98195
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Glaciers/Ice Sheets
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Sheets
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Velocity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Glaciers/Ice Sheets
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Sheets
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Velocity
End_Group
Keyword: Antarctic
Keyword: Antarctica
Keyword: Antarctic Ice Sheet
Keyword: Filchner Ice Shelf
Keyword: Ice Sheet
Keyword: Ice Shelf
Keyword: Ice Velocity
Keyword: ICE VELOCITY DATA
Keyword: Ronne Ice Shelf
Keyword: Ross Ice Shelf
Keyword: Siple Coast
Keyword: South Pole
Keyword: VELMAP
Sensor_Name: AVHRR > Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
Sensor_Name: HRV > High Resolution Visible Imaging System
Sensor_Name: TM > Thematic Mapper
Source_Name: LANDSAT
Source_Name: NOAA POES > NOAA Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellites
Source_Name: SPOT-1 > Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-1
Source_Name: SPOT-2 > Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-2
Source_Name: SPOT-3 > Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-3
Source_Name: SPOT-4 > Systeme Probatoire Pour l'Observation de la Terre-4
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1975-01-01
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: in work
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -90
   Northernmost_Latitude: -50
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ANTARCTICA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: POLAR
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
   Detailed_Location: ANTARCTICA
End_Group
Project: EOSDIS > Earth Observing System Data Information System
Project: ESIP > Earth Science Information Partners Program
Data_Set_Language: English
Originating_Center: NSIDC
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NASA DAAC > NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: AGDC > Antarctic Glaciological Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/agdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: AGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 1 MB
   Distribution_Format: GIF
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 1 MB
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

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   Sheet since 1963 from declassified satellite photography. Science. 279:689-92. 
    Bindschadler, R.A. 1997. Actively surging West Antarctic ice streams and 
   their response characteristics. Ann. Glaciol. 24:409-14.

   Bindschadler, R.A. and T.A. Scambos. 1991. Satellite-image-derived velocity 
   field of an Antarctic ice stream. Science. 252:242-46.

   Bindschadler, R.A., P. Vornberger, D. Blankenship, T. Scambos and R. Jacobel. 
   1996. Surface velocity and mass balance of Ice Streams D and E, West 
   Antarctica J. Glaciol. 42(142):461-75.

   Crabtree, R.D and C.S.M. Doake. 1980. Flowlines on Antarctic Ice Shelves. Pol. 
   Rec. 20(124):31-37.  Doake, C.S.M. 1985. Glaciological evidence: Antarctic 
   Peninsula, Weddell Sea. In: Glacier, Ice Sheets, and sea level: Effect of a 
   CO2 Induced Climate Change. US D.O.E. Report. DOE/EV/60235-1, 197-209.

   Ferrigno, J.G., B.K. Lucchitta, K.F. Mullins, A.L. Allison, R.J. Allen and 
   W.G. Gould. 1993. Velocity measurements and changes in position of Thwaites 
   Glacier/iceberg tongue from aerial photography, Landsat images and NOAA AVHRR 
   data. Ann. Glaciol. 17:239-244.  Ferrigno, J.G., J.L. Mullins, J. Stapleton, 
   P.S. Chavez, Jr., M.G. Velasco, R.S. Williams, Jr., G.F. Delinski, Jr., and D. 
   Lear. 1996. Satellite Image Map of Antarctica. USGS Miscellaneous 
   Investigations Series, Map I-2560.

   Ferrigno, J.G., J.L. Mullins, J. Stapleton, R.A. Bindschadler, T.A. Scambos, 
   L.B. Bellisime, J. Bowell and A.V. Acosta. 1994. Landsat TM image maps of the 
   Shirase and Siple Coast ice streams, West Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 20:407-412.

   Gerdau, H.W. and H.W. Schenke. 1984. Doppler Satellite observations of point 
   drift rates for German research stations in the Antarctic. Zeitschrift fur 
   Vermessungswesen. 109(4S):161-175.

   Hinze, H. 1990. Zum Einsatz von Statelliten-Positionierungsverfahren fur 
   glaziologische Aufgaven in der Antarktis. Thesis Doktor-Ingenieur. Hanover, 
   Germany.

   Hutchinson, M.F. 1993. Development of a continent-wide DEM with applications 
   to terrain and climate analysis. In Environmental Modeling with GIS. Ed. M.F. 
   Hutchinson et al. New York: Oxford University Press.

   Jacobs, S.S., H.H. Helmer, C.S.M. Doake, A. Jenkins, and R.M. Frolich. 1992. 
   Melting of ice shelves and the mass balance of Antarctica. J. Glaciol. 
   38(130):375-87.

   Jenkins, A. and C.S.M. Doake. 1991. Ice-OOcean interaction on Ronne Ice Shelf. 
   J. Geophys. Res. 96 (C1):791-813.  Lange, M.A. 1985. Variation of the ice edge 
   postion in the eastern and southern Weddell Sea. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf 
   Programme (FRISP). 2:26-31.

   Lange, M.A. and H. Kohnen. 1985. Ice front fluctuations in the eastern and 
   southern Weddell Sea. Ann. Glaciol. 6:187-91.

   Lange, M.A. 1987. Quantitative estimates of the mass flux and ice movement 
   along the ice edges in the eastern and southern Weddell Sea. In: Dynamics of 
   the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, 57-74. Dortrecht, Holland:Reidel Publishing.

   Lucchitta, B.K., L.M. Bertolini, J.G. Ferrigno and R.S. Williams Jr. 1991. 
   Monitoring the dynamics of the Antarcitc coastline with Landsat images. 
   Antarct. J. U.S. 26(5):316-17.

   Lucchitta, B.K. and H.M. Ferguson. 1986. Antarctica: measuring glacier 
   velocity from satellite images. Science, 234(4780):1105-08.

   Lucchitta, B.K., K.F. Mullins, A.L. Allison and J.G. Ferrigno. 1993. Antarctic 
   glacier-tongue velocities from Landsat images: first results. Ann. Glaciol. 
   17:356-66.

   Lucchitta, B.K., C.E. Rosanova and K.F. Mullins. 1995. Velocities of Pine 
   Island Glacier, West Antarctica, from ERS-1 SAR images. Ann. Glaciol. 21:277-83.

   Lucchitta, B.K., C.E. Smith, J.A. Bowell and K.F. Mullins. 1994. Velocities 
   and mass balance of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, Derived from ERS-1 
   SAR images. Proceedings Second ERS-1 Symposium-Space at the Service of our 
   Environment. Hamburg, Germany, 11 - 14 October 1993. ESA SP-361(January 
   1994):147-51.

   Morris, E.M., 1995. Deployment of reflectors for SAR interferometry. Sledge 
   India field report. BAS R/1994/S6.  Moller, D., B. Reidel and B. Ritter. 1992. 
   Strain and velocity dertermination on Ronne Ice Shelf. Filchner-Ronne Ice 
   Shelf Programme (FRISP). 6:61-68.

   Reidel, B., A. Karsten, B. Ritter and W. Niemeier. 1995. Geodetic fieldwork 
   along Foundation Ice Stream. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 
   9:101-05.  Roth, A., T. Hugel, M. Matschke and G. Schreier. 1993. Experiences 
   with ERS-1 SAR compositional accuracy. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. 
   International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, August 1993. Tokyo 
   Japan, Proc. 3:1450-52.

   Scambos, T.A. and R.A. Bindschadler. 1993. Complex ice stream flow revealed by 
   sequential satellite imagery. Ann. Glaciol. 17:177-82.

   Scambos, T.A., M.J. Dutkiewicz, J.C. Wilson and R.A. Bindschadler. 1992. 
   Application of image cross-correlation to the measurement of glacier velocity 
   using satellite image data. Remote Sensing Environ. 42(3):177-186.

   Scambos, T.A., K.A. Echelmeyer, M.A. Fahnestock and R.A. Bindschadler. 1994. 
   Development of enhanced ice flow at the southern margin of Ice Stream D, 
   Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 20:313-18.

   Shabtaie, S. and C.R. Bentley. 1987. West Antarctic ice streams draining into 
   the Ross Ice Shelf: configuration and mass balance. J. Geophys. Res. 
   92(B2):1311-36.

   Shabtaie, S., C.R. Bentley, R.A. Bindschadler and D.R. MacAyeal. 1988. 
   Mass-balance studies of Ice Streams A, B, and C, West Antarctica, and possible 
   surging behavior of Ice Stream B. Ann. Glaciol. 11:137-49.

   Sievers, J., A. Grindel and W. Meier. 1989. Digital satellite image mapping of 
   Antarctica. Polarforschung. 59:23-33.

   Smith, A.S, 1986. Ice rumples on Ronne Ice Shelf. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull. 
   72:47-52.

   Stephenson, S.N. and R.A. Bindschadler. 1988. Observed velocity fluctuations 
   on a major Antarctic ice stream. Nature. 334:695-97.

   Swithinbank, C.M.W., K. Brunk and J. Sievers. 1988. A Glaciological map of 
   Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Ann. Glaciol. 11:150-55.

   Thomas, R.H., D.R. MacAyeal, D.H. Eiilers, and D.R. Gaylord. 1984. 
   Glaciological Studies on the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, 1972-1978. The Ross 
   Ice Shelf: Glaciology and Geophysics Antarctic Research Series. Volume 
   42(Paper 2):21-53.

   Vaughan, D.G., and M. Jonas. 1996. Measurements of velocity of Filchner-Ronne 
   Ice Shelf. Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 10:111-16.  Vaughan, 
   D.G. 1994. Glacier geophysical fieldwork on Ronne Icee Shelf in 1992/93. 
   Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf Programme (FRISP). 7:37-39.

   Vaughan, D.G., J. Sievers, C.S.M. Doake, H. Hinze, D.R. Mantripp, H. 
   Sandhager, H.W. Schenke, A. Solheim and F. Thyssen. 1995. Subglacial and 
   seabed topography, ice thickness and water column thickness in the vicintiy of 
   Filchner-Ronne-Schelfeis, Antarctica. Polarforschung. 62(2):75-88.

   Whillans, I.M., J. Bolzan and S. Shabtaie. 1987. Velocity of Ice Streams B and 
   C, Antarctica. J. Geophys. Res. 92(B9):8895-902.

   Whillans, I.M. and C.J. Van Der Veen. 1993. New and improved determinations of 
   velocity of Ice Streams B and C, West Antarctica. J. Glaciol. 39:483-90.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This compilation of recent ice velocity data of the Antarctic ice sheet is 
   intended for use by the polar scientific community. The data are presented in 
   tabular form (ASCII), containing latitude, longitude, speed, bearing, and 
   error ranges. A metadata header describes the source of the data, the time of 
   measurement, and gives details on measurement accuracy and precision. The 
   tables are available for ftp transfer.

   Web pages developed specifically for this data set provide detailed 
   information for viewing and selecting the velocity data. These pages contain 
   large satellite image maps (available as jpeg files). The data sets used to 
   create these images were contributed by several investigators, generally from 
   already published work. Both in situ and image-based methods are used.

   References for the data sets are included with the data tables. If you have 
   well-characterized Antarctic ice velocity data you would like to contribute to 
   this site, please contact teds@icehouse.colorado.edu. If you have any 
   questions concerning the relevance of these data to your work please contact 
   NSIDC User Services.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/velmap/
   Description: Antarctic ice velocity data archive web page
End_Group
IDN_Node: USA/NASA
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2004-03-23
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2014-03-14
DIF_Revision_History: Removed USADCC logo for Search cleanup.