Entry_ID: NSIDC-0060
Entry_Title: Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Kahl, J.
   Dataset_Title: Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1997-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0060.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Jonathan
   Middle_Name: D. W.
   Last_Name: Kahl
   Email: kahl@csd.uwm.edu
   Phone: 1 414 229-4561 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Department of Geosciences
      Address: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
      Address: P.O. Box 413
      City: Milwaukee
      Province_or_State: WI
      Postal_Code: 53201
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Mark
   Middle_Name: C.
   Last_Name: Serreze
   Email: serreze@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Altitude
   Variable_Level_1: Geopotential Height
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Pressure
   Variable_Level_1: Atmospheric Pressure Measurements
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Water Vapor
   Variable_Level_1: Dew Point Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Winds
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Upper Level Winds
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Clouds
   Variable_Level_1: Cloud Amount/Frequency
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Clouds
   Variable_Level_1: Cloud Height
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Clouds
   Variable_Level_1: Cloud Types
End_Group
Keyword: AARI
Keyword: Arctic
Keyword: Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute
Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Keyword: CAO
Keyword: Central Aerological Observatory
Keyword: Cloud Cover
Keyword: Cloud Cover Amount
Keyword: Cloud Cover Height
Keyword: Cloud Cover Type
Keyword: Dew Point Depression
Keyword: Drifting Station
Keyword: DRIFTING STATIONS
Keyword: Moscow
Keyword: Rawinsonde
Keyword: Relative Humidity
Keyword: Russia
Keyword: Russian
Keyword: Sounding
Keyword: Soviet
Keyword: St Petersburg
Keyword: Wind Velocity
Sensor_Name: RAWINSONDES
Source_Name: OCEAN WEATHER STATIONS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1954-04-19
   Stop_Date: 1990-07-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 70
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: ARCTIC
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: POLAR
End_Group
Project: EOSDIS > Earth Observing System Data Information System
Project: ESIP > Earth Science Information Partners Program
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NASA DAAC > NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 1 to 24 MB
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 1959. Observational data of the 
   drifting scientific research stations 'North Pole-4' and 'North Pole-5' for 
   the years 1956/57. Leningrad.

   Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 1960. Observational data of the 
   drifting scientific research stations 'North Pole-6' and 'North Pole-7' for 
   the years 1957/58. Leningrad.

   Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 1962. Observational data of the 
   drifting scientific research stations 'North Pole-6' and 'North Pole-7' for 
   the years 1958/59. Leningrad.  Elliot, W. P., and D. J. Gaffen. 1991. On the 
   utility of rawinsonde humidity archived for climate studies. Bull. Amer. 
   Meteor. Soc. 72(10): 1507-20.

   Kahl, J. D., M. C. Serreze, R. S. Stone, S. Shiotani, M. Kisley, and R. C. 
   Schnell. 1993. Tropospheric temperature trends in the Arctic: 1958-1986. J. 
   Geophys. Res. 98: 12825-38.

   National Snow and Ice Data Center, Applied Physics Laboratory, Polar Science 
   Center, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 1996. Arctic Ocean snow and 
   meteorological observations from drifting stations, 1937, 1950-1991. CD-ROM 
   available from nsidc@kryos.colorado.edu. Boulder, Colorado: NSIDC, University 
   of Colorado at Boulder.

   Serreze, M. C., J. D. Kahl and S. Shiotani. 1992. The historical arctic 
   rawinsonde archive documentation manual. Special Report No. 2.National Snow 
   and Ice Data Center, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental 
   Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This archive of daily rawinsonde measurements of wind direction and speed, 
   atmospheric pressure, humidity, air temperature, and geopotential height as 
   well as surface-based observation of cloud cover (amount, type and height) 
   from Soviet North Pole drifting stations was assembled under the direction of 
   Dr. J. Kahl, with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
   Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the Electric Power 
   Research Institute. Soundings were recorded from April 19, 1954 to July 31, 
   1990 at drifting stations located in the Arctic Ocean, north of approximately 
   70 degrees North. Data were obtained from several different sources. All of 
   these data are ultimately derived from the set of bound volumes of handwritten 
   tables kept at the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) in St. 
   Petersburg, Russia. Data are in 21 ASCII text format files with an average 
   size of under 10 MB. The data are available via ftp.

End_Group
IDN_Node: USA/NASA
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1997-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-09-20
DIF_Revision_History: Updated originating data center.