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Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics from Rawinsondes

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Entry ID

NSIDC-0033

Summary

A gridded climatological monthly-mean data base of Arctic water vapor characteristics has been assembled by combining fixed station data with data from soundings taken over the Arctic Ocean from ships and Russian drifting stations. Variables provided include temperature, specific humidity, zonal vapor flux, meridional vapor flux, zonal wind speed, and meridional wind speed, available for 15 levels extending from the surface and then at every 50 mb from 950 mb to 300 mb; sea level pressure and geopotential height, available at 850 mb, 700 mb, 500 mb and 300 mb; and precipitable water, vertically integrated zonal vapor flux and vertically integrated meridional vapor flux, available for five layers, surface to 850 mb, 850 to 700 mb, 700 to 500 mb, 500 to 400 mb and 400 to 300 mb. Coverage of the rawinsonde archives extends from 1945 through 1990 for data from the Russian North Pole series of drifting ice stations over the Arctic Ocean; from 1976 through 1991 for fixed-station data obtained from the National Center for Atmospheric Research; and from about 1958 through 1991 for fixed-station data obtained from the Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive. All variables were obtained through interpolation of the raw sounding data, with the exception of sea level pressure and geopotential height. The file, available via ftp, is structured in monthly data arrays over a subsection of the National Meteorological Center grid (octagonal grid format) centered over the pole, extending to approximately 65 degrees North on each side and about 55 degrees North at the corners.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 90°     S: 65°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Serreze, M., R. Barry, and J. Kahl
Dataset Title: Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics from Rawinsondes
Dataset Release Date: 2011-09-29
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0033.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1954-01-01

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA CANADA HUDSON BAY
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR
  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN BAFFIN BAY
  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN BEAUFORT SEA
  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN CHUKCHI SEA
  • OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
  • OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN GREENLAND SEA
  • OCEAN PACIFIC OCEAN NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN BERING SEA

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Altitude Geopotential Height
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure Sea Level Pressure
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Humidity
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Precipitable Water Water Vapor Flux
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Water Vapor Humidity
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Surface Winds Wind Speed/Direction
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Upper Level Winds Wind Speed/Direction

Ancillary Keywords

  • DRIFTING STATIONS
  • IDN_NODE GSFC/NSIDC
  • Precipitable Water
  • Rawinsondes
  • Sea Level Pressure
  • Vapor Flux
  • Wind Speed

Platform

  • BALLOONS
  • GROUND STATIONS

Instrument

  • RAWINSONDES

Project

  • EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data Information System
  • ESIP Earth Science Information Partners Program

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP

Personnel

Mark C. Serreze
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: serreze@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449

Jonathan D. W. Kahl
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 414 229-4561
Email: kahl@csd.uwm.edu
Contact Address:

  • Department of Geosciences
  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • P.O. Box 413

City: Milwaukee
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53201

R. G. Barry
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • University of Colorado
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
  • 449 UCB

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Reference

Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry and J. D. Kahl. 1995. Arctic Water Vapor Characteristics: A Climatological Data Base. User's Guide. National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry and J. D. Kahl. 1994(a). A climatological database of arctic water vapor characteristics. Polar Geography and Geology. 18(1):63-75.

Serreze, M. C., M. C. Rehder, R. G. Barry, J. D. Kahl and N. A. Zaitseva. 1994 (b). The distribution and transport of water vapor over the Arctic Basin. Int. J. Climatology. In press.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2011-09-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-01-15

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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