Nimbus-7 SMMR Derived Monthly Global Snow Cover and Snow Depth

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

Nimbus-7 SMMR Derived Monthly Global Snow Cover and Snow Depth

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-12-20

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0024.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Nimbus-7 SMMR Derived Monthly Global Snow Cover and Snow Depth
Date:
Date: 2003
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition Date: 2003-06-11
Identifier: NSIDC-0024
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC DAAC User Services
Organization Name: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

The data set consists of monthly global snow cover and snow depth derived from Nimbus-7 SMMR data for 1978 through 1987. The SMMR data are interpolated for spatial and temporal gaps, and averaged for display in polar stereographic projection. Maps are based on six-day average brightness temperature data from the middle week of each month. Data are placed into 1/2 degree latitude by 1/2 degree longitude grid cells uniformly subdividing a polar stereographic map according to the geographic coordinates of the center of the radiometers' fields of view. Overlapping data from separate orbits in the same six-day period are averaged to give a single brightness temperature assumed to be at the cell's center. Oceans and bays are masked so that only microwave data for land areas are displayed. Comparisons of SMMR snow cover maps with previous maps produced by NOAA/NESDIS and US Air Force Global Weather Center indicate that the total snow covered area derived from SMMR is usually about ten percent less than that measured by the earlier products, because passive microwave sensors often can't detect shallow dry snow less than about 5 cm deep. Snow depths are comparable, showing SMMR results to be especially good for uniform snow covered areas such as the Canadian high plains and Russian steppes. Heavily forested and mountainous areas tend to mask the microwave snow signatures, and SMMR snow depth derivations are less reliable in those areas. Formerly distributed by NASA/GSFC/NSSDC and NASA Pilot Land Data System (PLDS), these data are now available via ftp from NSIDC.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Chang, A. T.C. 2003. Nimbus-7 SMMR Derived Monthly Global Snow Cover and Snow Depth. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Alfred T.C. Chang
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 301 614-5766

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
City: Greenbelt
Administrative Area: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA
Email: achang@rainfall.gsfc.nasa.gov

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Alfred T.C. Chang
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 301 614-5766

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Laboratory for Hydrospheric Processes
City: Greenbelt
Administrative Area: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA
Email: achang@rainfall.gsfc.nasa.gov

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: CIRES, 449 UCB
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: pointOfContact
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > Antarctica
Keyword: Continent > Asia
Keyword: Continent > Europe
Keyword: Continent > North America
Keyword: Continent > South America
Keyword: Geographic Region > Global
Keyword: Geographic Region > Polar
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow Cover
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow Depth
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow Cover
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Terrestrial Hydrosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow Depth
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EOSDIS > Earth Observing System Data Information System
Keyword: ESIP > Earth Science Information Partners Program
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Project Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: Cryosphere
Keyword: EOSDIS
Keyword: Snow
Keyword: Snow Cover
Keyword: Snow Depth
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Use Constraints : none

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: -180
Eastbound Longitude: 180
Southbound Latitude: -85
Northbound Latitude: 85

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: 19781101
End Position: 19870831

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC DAAC User Services
Organization Name: NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: IMG
Specification: FTP

Data File Format:

Name: Binary
Specification: FTP

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/forms/contact.html
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/daac/nsidc0024_smmr_global_snow.gd.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Medium Name: FTP

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Data Acquisition Information:

Instrument Information:

Instrument:

Name: RADIOMETERS
Type: sensor

Instrument:

Name: SMMR > Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
Type: sensor

Platform Information:

Platform:

Name: NIMBUS-7
Description: satellite
Instrument: N/A

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)