Entry_ID: NSIDC-0008
Entry_Title: Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Jonathan Kahl and Mark Serreze
   Dataset_Title: Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2003-06-05
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0008.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Jonathan
   Middle_Name: D. W.
   Last_Name: Kahl
   Email: kahl@csd.uwm.edu
   Phone: 1 414 229-4561 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Department of Geosciences
      Address: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
      Address: P.O. Box 413
      City: Milwaukee
      Province_or_State: WI
      Postal_Code: 53201
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Mark
   Middle_Name: C.
   Last_Name: Serreze
   Email: serreze@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Altitude
   Variable_Level_1: Geopotential Height
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Pressure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Water Vapor
   Variable_Level_1: Humidity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Water Vapor
   Variable_Level_1: Water Vapor
   Detailed_Variable: Humidity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Winds
   Detailed_Variable: Wind Direction
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Winds
   Detailed_Variable: Wind Speed
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Upper Level Winds
   Detailed_Variable: Wind Direction
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Upper Level Winds
   Detailed_Variable: Wind Speed
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: Alaska
Keyword: Arctic
Keyword: Atmospheric Soundings
Keyword: Canada
Keyword: Dewpoint Depression
Keyword: EOSDIS
Keyword: Finland
Keyword: Greenland
Keyword: Norway
Keyword: Polar
Keyword: Radiosondes
Keyword: Rawinsondes
Keyword: Russia
Keyword: Sweden
Keyword: US
Keyword: Wind Direction
Keyword: Wind Speed
Sensor_Name: RADIOSONDES
Sensor_Name: RAWINSONDES
Source_Name: BALLOONS
Source_Name: GROUND STATIONS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1947-11-10
   Stop_Date: 1996-06-30
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: in work
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 65
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: GEOGRAPHIC REGION
   Location_Type: POLAR
   Detailed_Location: NORTH POLAR
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
End_Group
Project: EOSDIS > Earth Observing System Data Information System
Project: ESIP > Earth Science Information Partners Program
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NASA DAAC > NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: CD-ROM
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Kahl, J.D., M.C. Serreze, S. Shiotani, S.M. Skony, and R.C. Schnell, In situ 
   meteorological sounding archives for arctic studies, Bul. Amer. Met. Soc., 
   73(11), 1824-1830, 1992.

   Serreze, M.C., J.D. Kahl and S. Shiotani, The Historical Arctic Rawisonde 
   Archive Documentation Manual, NSIDC SP-2, National Snow and Ice Data Center, 
   University of Colorado, 26 p., 1992.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   

Note: This data set is now on FTP so references to CD-ROM are historic and no longer applicable.

The Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive is on FTP, and it contains millions of vertical soundings of temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind, representing all available rawinsonde ascents from Arctic land stations poleward of 65 degrees North. HARA includes soundings from the beginning of record through mid-1996. Most stations began recording soundings in the late 1950s, but a few began in 1947 or 1948. Coverage is relatively uniform, except for the interior of Greenland. Typically, 20 to 40 levels are available in each sounding. HARA documentation is provided in the FTP directory and in hard copy (NSIDC Special Report 2, 1992). The FTP directory contain software (Fortran and C) for retrieval of sounding data subsets. The original soundings were obtained from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, Colorado and the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) of NOAA in Asheville, North Carolina. End_Group IDN_Node: USA/NASA Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF Metadata_Version: 9.7 DIF_Creation_Date: 2003-06-05 Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-07-19 DIF_Revision_History: Added note to summary.