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Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive

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Entry ID

NSIDC-0008

Summary

Note: This data set is now on FTP so references to CD-ROM are historic and no longer applicable.



The Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive is on FTP, and it contains millions of vertical soundings of temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind, representing all available rawinsonde ascents from Arctic land stations poleward of 65 degrees North. HARA includes soundings from the beginning of record through mid-1996. Most stations began recording soundings in the late 1950s, but a few began in 1947 or 1948. Coverage is relatively uniform, except for the interior of Greenland. Typically, 20 to 40 levels are available in each sounding. HARA documentation is provided in the FTP directory and in hard copy (NSIDC Special Report 2, 1992). The FTP directory contain software (Fortran and C) for retrieval of sounding data subsets. The original soundings were obtained from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, Colorado and the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) of NOAA in Asheville, North Carolina.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 90°     S: 65°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Jonathan Kahl and Mark Serreze
Dataset Title: Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive
Dataset Release Date: 2003-06-05
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/nsidc-0008.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1947-11-10
Stop Date: 1996-06-30

Location Keywords

  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR NORTH POLAR
  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Altitude Geopotential Height
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Pressure
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Surface Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Humidity
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Water Vapor Water Vapor Humidity
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Surface Winds Wind Direction
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Surface Winds Wind Speed
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Upper Level Winds Wind Direction
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Upper Level Winds Wind Speed

Ancillary Keywords

  • Alaska
  • Arctic
  • Atmospheric Soundings
  • Canada
  • Dewpoint Depression
  • EOSDIS
  • Finland
  • Greenland
  • Norway
  • Polar
  • Radiosondes
  • Rawinsondes
  • Russia
  • Sweden
  • US
  • Wind Direction
  • Wind Speed

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • BALLOONS
  • GROUND STATIONS

Instrument

  • RADIOSONDES
  • RAWINSONDES

Project

  • EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data Information System
  • ESIP Earth Science Information Partners Program

Data Set Progress

in work

Data Center

NASA DAAC at the National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: CD-ROM

Personnel

Jonathan D. W. Kahl
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 414 229-4561
Email: kahl@csd.uwm.edu
Contact Address:

  • Department of Geosciences
  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  • P.O. Box 413

City: Milwaukee
Province or State: WI
Postal Code: 53201

Mark C. Serreze
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: serreze@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Reference

Kahl, J.D., M.C. Serreze, S. Shiotani, S.M. Skony, and R.C. Schnell, In situ meteorological sounding archives for arctic studies, Bul. Amer. Met. Soc., 73(11), 1824-1830, 1992.

Serreze, M.C., J.D. Kahl and S. Shiotani, The Historical Arctic Rawisonde Archive Documentation Manual, NSIDC SP-2, National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado, 26 p., 1992.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-06-05
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-07-19

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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