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East Siberian Air, Ground Temperature, and Snow Depth Measurements, 1882-1994

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Entry ID

GGD902

Summary

This data set contains historical data for 35 Russian stations located between approximately 117-145 E and 55-72 N. Data were collected between 1882-1994, but the time period covered by each station and the parameters measured are variable.

Daily measurements of snow depth were taken from three snow measuring rods placed in a meteorological enclosure. In individual cases, when the meteorological enclosure was unrepresentative of the surroundings in respect to snow cover formation, the snow measuring rods were placed near the station on a specially selected plot. The daily mean was calculated by averaging the readings from the three rods, rounded to the nearest whole centimeter. If the average was less than 0.5 cm, the mean was considered zero, and if it was greater than or equal to 0.5 cm, it was considered 1 cm. If snow, ice, or melt water was absent at one of the rods, the mean depth was calculated by dividing the sum of the readings by three.

The daily data were then averaged at the end of a ten-day period into a single value. This averaging was done three times per month, with the final period in the month containing from eight to 11 days of data, depending on the month.

Air and ground temperature measurements were taken with mercury thermometers with high inertiality.

Measurements were taken as part of the Land-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions - Arctic Transitions in the Land-Atmosphere System (LAII-ATLAS) program. The research project was funded by the Arctic System Sciences (ARCSS) Program, grant numbers OPP-9721347 and OPP-9732126.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 71.59°     S: 55.58°     E: 145.21°     W: 116.55°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Vladimir E. Romanovsky
Dataset Title: East Siberian Air, Ground Temperature, and Snow Depth Measurements, 1882-1994
Dataset Release Date: 2003-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd902.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1882-09-01
Stop Date: 1998-09-30

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth

Ancillary Keywords

  • ADCC
  • ARCSS
  • ARCSS902
  • Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center
  • Arctic Transitions in the Land-Atmosphere System
  • ATLAS
  • Frozen Ground Data Center
  • GGD902
  • LAII
  • Land-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions
  • National Science Foundation
  • NSF
  • NSIDC

Platform

  • GROUND STATIONS

Instrument

  • SNOW MEASURING ROD
  • THERMOMETERS

Project

  • ARCSS/LAII/ATLAS Arctic System Science/LAII/Arctic Transitions in the Land-Atmosphere System

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 6 - 102 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Vladimir Romanovsky
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 907 474-7548
Fax: 1 907 474-7290
Email: veromanovsky@alaska.edu
Contact Address:

  • University of Alaska
  • Geophysical Institute

City: Fairbanks
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775
Country: USA

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Reference

Klimatologicheskii spravochnik SSSR, vypusk 24, po Yakutskoi ASSR, severnoi chasti Khabarovskogo kraya, Magadanskoi oblasti i severnoi chasti Kamchatskoi oblasti. Meteorologicheskie dannye za otdel'nye gody, chast' VII, Temperatura pochvy, tumany, grozy, meteli i grad. Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1963. English: Climatological reference of the USSR, issue 24. Yakut ASSR (Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic), northern part of the Kaborovski territory, Magadanski region and northern Kamchatka region. Meteorological data for separate years, part VII, including soil temperature, humidity, rainfall, snow, and hail. Hydrometrology, Leningrad, 1963.

Spravochnik po klimatu SSSR, vypusk 24, Yakutskaya ASSR, Meteorologicheskie dannye za otdel'nye gody, chast' VII, Temperatura pochvy. Yakutsk, 1975.

English: Reference book of Climate for the USSR, issue 24, Yakut ASSR, Meteorological data of separate years, part VII, soil temperature. Yakutsk, 1975.

World Meteorological Organization. 1984. Weather Reporting Vol. A, Handbook No. 9.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-03-04

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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