Rock-Ice Feature Inventory for the Sierra Nevada, California, USA

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

Rock-Ice Feature Inventory for the Sierra Nevada, California, USA

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Constance Millar
Organization Name: USDA Forest Service
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 510 559 6435

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: P.O. Box 245
City: Berkeley
Administrative Area: CA
Postal Code: 94701
Country: USA
Email: cmillar@fs.fed.us

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-10-31

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/ggd652.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Rock-Ice Feature Inventory for the Sierra Nevada, California, USA
Date:
Date: 2009
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition Date: 2009-02-06
Identifier: GGD652
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

The Sierra Nevada is a tectonic uplift mountain range with a gradual gain in elevation on the west side and a steep escarpment on the east. Most of the mapped locations are east of the Sierran crest. The climate in the region is Mediterranean, with most of the precipitation in the winter months coming as snow at high elevations, but with some monsoonal precipitation in the summer, particularly in the southern end of the range. There is a very steep gradient in decreasing precipitation eastward from the Sierran crest as a result of rain-shadow orographic effects from the predominately eastward-moving Pacific frontal storms. PRISM-estimated (Daly et al. 1994) annual precipitation for the RIF locations ranged from 580 to 1880 mm; July precipitation from 5 to 33 mm. Mean annual maximum temperatures ranged from 1.8 to 15.2 oC, January from -5.7 to 6.2 oC, and July from 11 to 26.3 oC. Mean annual minima ranged from -8.1 to -0.4 oC, January from -15 to -7 oC, and July from 1.2 to 8.9 oC. The highest temperatures and lowest precipitation were largely at relict Pleistocene rock glaciers, which tended to be farthest east of the Sierran crest and lower in elevation. We mapped over 430 RIFs, based on field surveys and grouped them into six classes based on morphology and location. These categories constitute a greater range of frozen-ground features than are commonly described in rock-glacier surveys. Although granitic substrates dominate the Sierra Nevada, they do not in the eastern escarpment, so substrates in the RIF database are about equally divided between granitic and metamorphic. Ages of rock glaciers ranged from current (active) to relict (late Pleistocene). We interpreted the presence of outlet springs, basal lakes, suspended silt in outlet streams, and fringing phreatophytic vegetation, in addition to morphologic indications of current rock movement, as evidence for interstitial ice, either persistent or seasonal. <br>One comma-delimited ASCII file containing information for 430 rock-ice features is available.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Millar C. and R. Westfall. 2009. Rock-Ice Feature Inventory for the Sierra Nevada, California, USA. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Constance Millar
Organization Name: USDA Forest Service
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 510 559 6435

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: P.O. Box 245
City: Berkeley
Administrative Area: CA
Postal Code: 94701
Country: USA
Email: cmillar@fs.fed.us

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Robert Westfall
Organization Name: USDA Forest Service
Contact:

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: P.O. Box 245
City: Berkeley
Administrative Area: CA
Postal Code: 94701
Country: USA

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Constance Millar
Organization Name: USDA Forest Service
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 510 559 6435

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: P.O. Box 245
City: Berkeley
Administrative Area: CA
Postal Code: 94701
Country: USA
Email: cmillar@fs.fed.us

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > North America > United States Of America > California > Sierra Nevada
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: None
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Use Constraints : none

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: -119.9
Eastbound Longitude: -118.2
Southbound Latitude: 34.5
Northbound Latitude: 38.8

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: Unknown
End Position: Unknown

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Specification: FTP 36 KB

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/fgdc/ggd652_rockice_inventory_sierra/
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/fgdc/ggd652_rockice_inventory_sierra/index.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Density: 36
Density Units: B
Medium Name: FTP

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)