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Modeled Daily Thaw Depth and Frozen Ground Depth

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Entry ID

GGD619

Summary

This data set contains modeled daily thaw depth and freezing depth for the Arctic terrestrial drainage basin. Thaw and freezing depths were calculated over the study area with a resolution of 25 km x 25 km. Data extend from September 1998 through December 2000. A finite-difference model for one-dimensional heat conduction with phase change calculates daily thaw and freezing depths, based on data of snow water equivalent, soil temperature, soil dry-bulk density, and soil water content. Data are in space-delimited ASCII text format and are available via FTP.

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Oelke, C., R. Armstrong, M. Serreze, and T. Zhang
Dataset Title: Modeled Daily Thaw Depth and Frozen Ground Depth
Dataset Release Date: 2003-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd619.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1998-09-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31

Location Keywords

  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION ARCTIC ARCTIC DRAINAGE BASIN

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw

Ancillary Keywords

  • Freezing depth
  • Thaw Depth

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Personnel

Christoph Oelke
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: coelke@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • 449 UCB, University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Mark C. Serreze
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: serreze@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449

Tingjun Z Zhang
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2359 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • University of Colorado
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology
  • UCB449

City: Boulder
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Richard Armstrong
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: rlax@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
All About EASE-Grid

Reference

Armstrong, R.L., and M.J. Brodzik. 2002: Northern Hemisphere EASE-Grid weekly snow cover and sea ice extent, Version 2. Boulder, CO, National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Brown, J., O.J. Ferrians, Jr., J.A. Heginbottom, and E.S. Melnikov. 1998. Digital Circum-Arctic map of permafrost and ground-ice conditions. In International Permafrost Association, Data and Information Working Group, comp. Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System (CAPS), version 1.0. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Chang, A.T.C., J.L. Foster, and D.K. Hall. 1987. Nimbus-7 SMMR derived global snow cover parameters. Annals of Glaciology 9:39-44.

Global Soil Data Task. 2000. Global Gridded Surfaces of Selected Soil Characteristics (IGBP-DIS). International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme - Data and Information Services. Available online at [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from the ORNL Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.

Goodrich, L.E. 1982. Efficient numerical technique for one-dimensional thermal problems with phase change. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 21:615-621.

Holden, J.B., C.J. Vorosmarty, S. Frolking, and R. Lammers. 2001. A large-scale water balance model for permafrost terrain. Arctic and Alpine Research. In press.

International Permafrost Association (IPA). 1998. Data and Information Working Group. Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System (CAPS), version 1.0. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woolen, Y. Zhu, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgens, J. Janowiak, K.C. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, A. Leetma, R. Reynolds, R. Jenne, and D. Joseph. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 77:437-471.

Kersten, M.S. 1949. Laboratory research for the determination of the thermal properties of soils. Final report. Engineering Experiment Station, University of Minnesota.

Lunardini, V.J. 1988. Heat conduction with freezing and thawing. US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Monograph, 88-1.

Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC). 2000. Canadian Snow Data CD-ROM. CRYSYS Project, Climate Processes and Earth Observation Division, Meteorological Service of Canada, Downsview, Ontario, January 2000.

Oelke, C., T. Zhang, M. Serreze, and R. Armstrong. 2003. Regional-scale modeling of soil freeze/thaw over the Arctic drainage basin. Journal of Geophysical Research. In press.

Sturm, M., J. Holmgren, and G.E. Liston. 1995. A seasonal snow cover classification system for local to global applications. Journal of Climate 8:1261-1283.

Zhang, T., J.A. Heginbottom, R.G. Barry, and J. Brown. 2000. Further statistics on the distribution of permafrost and ground-ice in the Northern Hemisphere. Polar Geography 24(2):126-131.

Zhang, T., R.G. Barry, K. Knowles, J.A. Heginbottom, and J. Brown. 1999. Statistics and characteristics of permafrost and ground ice distribution in the Northern Hemisphere. Polar Geography 23(2):147-169.

Zhang, T., T.E. Osterkamp, and K. Stamnes. 1996. Influence of the depth hoar layer of the seasonal snow cover on the ground thermal regime. Water Resources Research 32(7):2075-2086.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-30

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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