Entry_ID: GGD617
Entry_Title: Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Alaska
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: James Miller and R.L Whitehead
   Dataset_Title: Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Alaska
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2003-06-05
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd617.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: R.L.
   Last_Name: Whitehead
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: U.S. Geological Survey
      Address: Office of Ground Water
      Address: 411 National Center
      City: Reston
      Province_or_State: VA
      Postal_Code: 20192
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: James
   Last_Name: Miller
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: U.S. Geological Survey
      Address: Office of Ground Water
      Address: 411 National Center
      City: Reston
      Province_or_State: VA
      Postal_Code: 20192
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Seasonally Frozen Ground
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Seasonally Frozen Ground
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Ground Water
   Variable_Level_1: Aquifers
End_Group
Keyword: Aquifers
Keyword: Groundwater
Keyword: Permafrost
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1999-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1999-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -90
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: NORTH AMERICA
   Location_Subregion1: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
   Detailed_Location: ALASKA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Barnwell, W.W., and Boning, C W., 1968, Water resources and surficial geology 
   of the Mendenhall Valley, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic 
   Investigations Atlas HA-259, scale 1:63,360, 6 sheets.

   Barnwell, W.W., George, R.S., Dearborn, L.L., Weeks, J.B., and Zenone, 
   Chester, 1972, Water for Anchorage -An atlas of the water resources of the 
   Anchorage area, Alaska: Anchorage, Alaska, City of Anchorage and the Greater 
   Anchorage Area Borough, 77 p.

   Beikman, H.M., 1980, Geologic map of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey, scale 
   1:2,500,000, 2 sheets.

   Cederstrom, D.J., 1963, Ground-water resources of the Fairbanks area, Alaska: 
   U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1590, 84 p.

   Cederstrom, D.J., Trainer, F.W., and Waller, R.M., 1964, Geology and 
   ground-water resources of the Anchorage area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey 
   Water-Supply Paper 1773, 108 p.

   Detterman, R.L., Miller, T.P., Yount, M.E., and Wilson, F.H., 1981, Quaternary 
   geologic map of the Chignik and Sutwik Island quadrangles, Alaska: U.S. 
   Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geological Investigations Map I-1292, scale 
   1:250,000, 1 sheet.

   Emery, P.A., Jones, S.H., and Glass, R.L., 1985, Water resources of the Copper 
   River basin, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas 
   HA-686, 3 sheets.

   Ferrians, O.J., Jr., 1965, Permafrost map of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey 
   Miscellaneous Geological Investigations Map I-445, scale 1:2,500,000, 1 sheet.

   Ferrians, O.J., Jr., Kachadoorian, Rueben, and Greene, G.W., 1969, Permafrost 
   and related engineering problems in Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey 
   Professional Paper 678, 37 p.

   Feulner, A.J., Childers, J.M., and Norman, V.W., 1971, Water resources of 
   Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, unnumbered, 60 p.

   Gebert, W.A., Graczyk, D.J., and Krug, W.R., 1987, Average annual runoff in 
   the United States, 1951-80: U.S. Geological Survey Hydrologic Investigations 
   Atlas HA-710, scale 1:7,500,000, 1 sheet.

   Gehrels, G.E., and Berg, H.C., 1992, Geologic map of southeastern Alaska: U.S. 
   Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geological Investigations Map I-1867, scale 
   1:600,000, 1 sheet.

   Gryc, George, 1985, The National Petroleum Reserve in Alaska-Earth-science 
   considerations: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1240-C, 94 p.

   Hopkins, D.M., Karlstrom, T.N.V., and others, 1955, Permafrost and ground 
   water in Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 264-F, p. 116-164.

   Jones, S.H., and Fahl, C.B., 1994, Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alaska 
   and conterminous basins of Canada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources 
   Investigations Report 93-4179, 122 p.

   Karlstrom, K.M.V., and others, 1964, Surficial geology of Alaska: U.S. 
   Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geological Investigations Map I-357, scale 
   1:1,584,000, 2 sheets.

   McConaghy, J.A., 1970, Reconnaissance of water resources in the Haines-Port 
   Chilkoot area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 626, 16 p.

   McConaghy, J.A., and Bowman, W.N., 1971, Water resources of the City and 
   Borough of Juneau, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 
   unnumbered, 62 p.

   Merritt, R.D., and Hawley, C.C., 1986, Map of Alaska's coal resources: Alaska 
   Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geological and Geophysical 
   Surveys, Special Report 37, scale 1:2,500,000, 1 sheet.

   Nelson, G.L., and Johnson, P.R., 1981, Ground-water reconnaissance of part of 
   the lower Kenai Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources 
   Investigations Open-File Report 81-905, 32 p.

   Plafker, George, and Berg, H.C., 1994, eds., The geology of Alaska: Geological 
   Society of America, The Geology of North America, v. G-1, 1,066 p.

   Sloan, C.E., and VanEverdingen, R.O., 1988, Region 8, Permafrost region, in 
   Back, William, Rosenshein, J.S., and Seaber, P.R., eds., Hydrology, v. O-2, 
   The geology of North America, Geological Society of America, p. 263-270.

   Solley, W.B., Pierce, R.R., and Perlman, H.A., 1993, Estimated use of water in 
   the United States in 1990: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1081, 76 p.

   Trainer, F.W., 1960, Geology and ground-water resources of the Matanuska 
   Valley agricultural area, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 
   1494, 116 p.

   U.S. Geological Survey, 1985, National water summary 1984-Hydrologic events, 
   selected water-quality trends, and ground-water resources: U.S. Geological 
   Survey Water-Supply Paper 2275, 467 p.

   U.S. Geological Survey, 1986, National water summary 1985-Hydrologic events 
   and surface-water resources: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2300, 
   506 p.

   U.S. Geological Survey, 1988, National water summary 1988-Hydrologic events 
   and ground-water quality: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2325, 560 p.

   U.S. Geological Survey, 1990, National water summary 1987-Hydrologic events 
   and water supply and use: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2350, 553 p.

   Wahrhaftig, Clyde, 1965, The physiographic provinces of Alaska: U.S. 
   Geological Survey Professional Paper 482, 52 p.

   Waller, R.M., Feulner, A.J., and Morris, D.A., 1968, Water resources and 
   surficial geology of the Homer area, south-central Alaska: U.S. Geological 
   Survey Hydrologic Investigations Atlas HA-187, scale 1:63,360, 1 sheet.

   Williams, J.R., 1970, Ground water in the permafrost regions of Alaska: U.S. 
   Geological Survey Professional Paper 696, 83 p.

    Zenone, Chester, and Anderson, G.S., 1978, Summary appraisals of the Nation's 
   ground-water resources-Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 
   813-P, 28 p.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The Ground Water Atlas of the United States includes summary information on 
   permafrost in Alaska, and the relation of permafrost and ground water.  The 
   Atlas includes figures showing  permafrost zones in Alaska, the approximate 
   depth of the permafrost, small thaw lakes that form in continuous permafrost 
   areas, pingos that form in permafrost areas, and a generalized diagrammatic 
   section showing aquifers and permafrost.  The ground water atlas information 
   for Alaska can be found at http://capp.water.usgs.gov/gwa/ch_n/N-AKtext1.html.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2003-06-05
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-09-19
DIF_Revision_History: added dist. format