Permafrost Map of Canada

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This map depicts the distribution, characteristics, and boundaries of permafrost and ground ice in Canada. Permafrost classification is based on the proportion of land that is underlain by permafrost within a a given area.Canada was divided into physiographic units, and each unit was classified in terms of permafrost extent and ground ice content. The map shows mountain permafrost as sporadic or isolated discontinuous permafrost, rather than as a separate category.

This map can be found in the The National Atlas of Canada, 5th Edition (1978-95) published by Natural Resources Canada.

The map and descriptive information was taken from the National Atlas of Canada website © 2002. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada with permission of Natural Resources Canada.

Geographic Coverage


Spatial Coordinates:
N: 85°     S: 50°     E: -65°     W: -142°    

Location Keywords


Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Ground Ice
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost Permafrost Temperature
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Ground Ice
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost Permafrost Temperature
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature

Ancillary Keywords

  • Canada
  • Permafrost classifications
  • Permafrost depth
  • Permafrost regions
  • Permafrost Temperature

Data Center

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Distribution Format: PDF

Distribution Format: JPEG


J. Alan Heginbottom
Phone: 1 613 992-7813
Fax: 1 613 992-2468
Contact Address:

  • Natural Resources Canada
  • Terrain Science Division
  • 601 Booth Street

City: Ottawa
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: K1A 0E8
Country: Canada

Related URL

GIS Data and Resources at NSIDC


Allard, M. and M.K. Seguin. 1987. Le pergélisol au Québec nordique: bilan et perspectives. Géographie physique et Quaternaire 41(1): 141-152.

Bostock, H.S. 1970. Physiographic Regions of Canada. Map 1254A. Scale 1:5,000,000. Energy Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada. Ottawa, Canada.

Brown, R.J.E. 1978. Permafrost/Pergélisol. Hydrological Atlas of Canada / Atlas hydrologique du Canada. Plate 32. Scale 1:10,000,000. Fisheries and Environment Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Canada, National Research Council of Canada, Associate Committee on Geotechnical Research, Permafrost Subcommittee. 1988. Glossary of Permafrost and Related Ground-Ice Terms. Technical Memorandum No. 142. Ottawa, Canada.

Harris, S.A. 1986. Permafrost distribution, zonation and stability along the Eastern Ranges of the Cordillera of North America. Arctic 39(1): 29-38.

Heginbottom, J.A. 1984. The Mapping of Permafrost. The Canadian Geographer / Le Géographe canadien 28(1): 78-83.

Heginbottom, J.A. and L.K. Radburn (comp). 1992. Permafrost and Ground Ice Conditions of Northwestern Canada / Conditions rélatives au pergélisol et à la glace de sol du nord-ouest du Canada. Map 1691A. Scale 1: 1,000,000. Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Pelletier, B.R. (ed.). 1987. Marine Science Atlas of the Beaufort Sea: geology and geophysics / Atlas des sciences marines de la mer de Beaufort : géologie et géophysique. Miscellaneous Report 40. Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Taylor, A.E., M.M. Burgess, A.S. Judge, and V.S. Allen. 1982. Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Norther Wills 1981 / Recueil des données géothermiques canadiennes - puits dexploration dans le grand nord 1981. Geothermal Series Number 13. Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

Young, S.E. and A.S. Judge. 1985. Ground Temperature Data Collection for Northern Canada. Unpublished paper prepared for the McGill University Workshop on Thermal Regimes in Northern Canada. Montreal, Canada.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-05-06
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-09-19

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text


Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)


U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)


International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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