Entry_ID: GGD501
Entry_Title: Rock glaciers, Zailiysiky Range, Kungei Ranges, Tienshan, Kazakhstan
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Gorbunov, A., E. Seversky, S. Titkov, S. Marchenko, and M. Popov
   Dataset_Title: Rock glaciers, Zailiysiky Range, Kungei Ranges, Tienshan, Kazakhstan
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd501.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Aldar P.
   Last_Name: Gorbunov
   Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
   Fax:  7 3272 618102 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
      Address: Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
      Address: PO Box 138
      City: Almaty
      Postal_Code: 480091
      Country: Kazakhstan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Eduard V.
   Last_Name: Seversky
   Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
   Fax:  7 3272 618102 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
      Address: Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
      Address: PO Box 138
      City: Almaty
      Postal_Code: 480091
      Country: Kazakhstan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Sergei
   Last_Name: Marchenko
   Email: ssmarchenko@alaska.edu
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Alaska
      Address: Geophysical Institute
      City: Fairbanks
      Province_or_State: AK
      Postal_Code: 99775
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Mihail
   Middle_Name: V
   Last_Name: Popov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Sergei
   Middle_Name: S
   Last_Name: Titkov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Rock Glaciers
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Rock Glaciers
End_Group
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Rock Glaciers
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1923-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1994-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 42.917
   Northernmost_Latitude: 43.25
   Westernmost_Longitude: 76
   Easternmost_Longitude: 77.083
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: KAZAKHSTAN
   Detailed_Location: BOLSHAYA AND MALAYA ALMATINKA RIVERS, ZAILIYSKIY ALATAU RANGE, NORTHERN TIENSHAN
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Gorbunov,A.P. (1979). Rock glaciers of the Zailiyskiy Alatau Range. In 
   'Cryogenic Processes of Kazakhstan and Middle Asia'. Institute of Geocryology, 
   Yakutsk, p. 5-34 (in Russian). Gorbunov, A.P., Seversky, E.V., Titkov, S.N.  
   (1994). Geocryological research in the eastern part of the Northern Tien Shan. 
   - Annual report of Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory. Institute of 
   Geocryology, Yakutsk, 29 p.p. (in Russian, not published). Gorbunov, A.P. and 
   Titkov, S.N. (1989). Rock Glaciers of the Central Asia Mountains. Institute of 
   Geocryology, Yakutsk, 164 p.p. (in Russian). Gorbunov, A.P., Titkov, S.N. and 
   Polyakov, V.G. (1992). Dynamics of rock glaciers of the Northern Tien Shan and 
   the Djungar Alatau, Kazakhstan. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes. Vol. 3, 
   p. 29-39. Titkov, S.N. (1979). Movement of rock glaciers of the Zailiyskiy 
   Alatau Range. In 'Cryogenic Processes of Kazakhstan and Middle Asia'. 
   Institute of Geocryology, Yakytsk, p. 34-42 (in Russian) Titkov, S.N. (1988). 
   Rock glaciers and glaciation of the Central Asia Mountains. In Permafrost: 
   Proceedings 5th International Conference, Vol. 1. Tapir Publishers, Trondheim, 
   p. 259-262.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The Zailiyskiy Alatau is the northernmost parallel latitudinal ranges of the 
   Northern Tien Shan. The highest point of this range is the Talgar peak (4973 m 
   a.s.l.). The central part of the range is strongly glaciated; 380 glaciers of 
   total area about 510 sq. km occur here. There are 504 rock glaciers in the 
   Zailiyskiy Alatau Range. On the morphological signs, 429 of this amount of 
   total area 49.77 sq. km are considered to be active. The best studied rock 
   glaciers are concentrated in the central part of the northern slope of the 
   Zailiyskiy Alatau in basins of the Bolshaya (Big) and Malaya (Small) Almatinka 
   rivers. The investigations of rock glaciers of the Northern Tien Shan started 
   in 1923 by geodetic observations of Russian glaciologist N.N.Palgov near the 
   front of the Gorodetsky rock glacier (Zailiyskiy Alatau). The observations 
   were repeated in 1946, 1960, 1977 and 1994 using the theodolite 2T2 of 1'' 
   accuracy. (Gorbunov et al., 1994). The following parameters of each rock 
   glacier were measured. Location (river basin, geographic extent); Type 
   (morainic/lobate); Activity (active/inactive); Size (length, width), m; Area, 
   sq. km; Orientation; Elevation of the source, m a.s.l.; Elevation of the 
   front, m a.s.l. Since 1975, the investigations of rock glaciers of the 
   Northern Tien Shan are carrying out by the Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost 
   Laboratory. In order to determine regularities in the distribution of rock 
   glaciers, an inventory using aerial photographs and maps of 1 to 100 000 scale 
   was carried out (Gorbunov, 1979, Titkov, 1988). These data are presented on 
   the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-30
DIF_Revision_History: added creator / pub info