Entry_ID: GGD499
Entry_Title: Borehole permafrost data, Kumtor and Taragai Valleys, Tienshan, Kazakhstan
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Gorbunov, A., E. Ermolin, E. Seversky, A. Nemov, M. Popov, S. Titkov, and S. Marchenko
   Dataset_Title: Borehole permafrost data, Kumtor and Taragai Valleys, Tienshan, Kazakhstan
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd499.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Aldar P.
   Last_Name: Gorbunov
   Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
   Fax:  7 3272 618102 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
      Address: Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
      Address: PO Box 138
      City: Almaty
      Postal_Code: 480091
      Country: Kazakhstan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Evgeniy D.
   Last_Name: Ermolin
   Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
   Fax:  7 3272 618102 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Institute of Siberian Branch of Russian
      Address: Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory
      Address: PO Box 138
      City: Almaty
      Postal_Code: 480091
      Country: Kazakhstan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Sergei
   Last_Name: Marchenko
   Email: ssmarchenko@alaska.edu
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Alaska
      Address: Geophysical Institute
      City: Fairbanks
      Province_or_State: AK
      Postal_Code: 99775
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Eduard V.
   Last_Name: Seversky
   Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
   Fax:  7 3272 618102 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
      Address: Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
      Address: PO Box 138
      City: Almaty
      Postal_Code: 480091
      Country: Kazakhstan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Alexandr
   Middle_Name: E
   Last_Name: Nemov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Mihail
   Middle_Name: V
   Last_Name: Popov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Sergei
   Middle_Name: S
   Last_Name: Titkov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Structure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Thermal Conductivity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Winds
   Variable_Level_1: Surface Winds
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Cryosols
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Cryosols
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Structure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Thermal Conductivity
End_Group
Keyword: Active Layer
Keyword: Boreholes
Keyword: Geocryology
Keyword: Meteorology
Keyword: Permafrost Extent
Keyword: Snow
Keyword: Soil Properties
Keyword: Soil Temperature
Keyword: Thermal Properties
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1974-02-23
   Stop_Date: 1995-02-23
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1974-02-23
   Stop_Date: 1995-03-14
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1974-08-13
   Stop_Date: 1992-08-12
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1980-03-25
   Stop_Date: 1995-03-29
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1986-11-29
   Stop_Date: 1992-01-18
End_Group
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1986-12-14
   Stop_Date: 1992-01-17
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 41.65
   Northernmost_Latitude: 41.933
   Westernmost_Longitude: 77.817
   Easternmost_Longitude: 78.233
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: KAZAKHSTAN
   Detailed_Location: KUMTOR RIVER VALLEY, TARAGAI RIVER VALLEY, AKSHIYRAK RANGE, INNER TIENSHAN
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Gorbunov A.P. The Warming of Permafrost of Tien Shan. // Global Changes and 
   Geography, Moscow, 1995, pp.125 (Abstract). Ermolin E.D., Atakanov U. 
   Cryogenic Structure and Temperature Regime of Quaternary Deposits in Kumtor 
   and Taragai.  //Acad. Sc. Kirghiz.SSR, J:'Geology', 1988, N 6, pp. 89-102 (In 
   Russian).  Ermolin E.D., Nemov A.E. About Mountain Rock Temperatures in the 
   Upper Naryn and Akshiyrak Valeys in the Inner Tien Shan. // Thermicity of Soil 
   and Mountain Rock in the Cold Regions. Yakutsk, 1982, pp.126-134. (In 
   Russian). Ermolin E.D., Nemov A.E. and Popov M.V. Periglacial-Geothermal 
   Characteristic Goldmine 'Kumtor'. // Geocryological Investigations in 
   Mountains of the USSR, Yakutsk,  1989, pp. 31-40. (In Russian). Ermolin E.D., 
   Seversky E.V., Titkov S.N., Nemov A.E. and Popov M.V. Periglacial-geological 
   Conditions and Prediction of its Changes by Kumtor Deposit Exploitation. 
   Scientific-Technical Report, Yakutsk - Alma-Ata, 1988, 111 p. (In Russian). 
   Marchenko S.S. Heat Conditions of Tien Shan Cryolithozone During the Holocene 
   and Contemporary Tendencies of its Changes. // Proceeding of the International 
   Conference: Mountain Research - Challenges and Directions for the 21st 
   Century, Bishkek, 1996, pp.115-116. (Abstract).

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This dataset includes observations of the permafrost temperatures in the Inner 
   Tien Shan were started in 1986 by Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory. 
   Observations are carried out on more than 40 boreholes, at altitudes between 
   3300-4200 m. The depths of the boreholes vary from 30 to 600 m. The boreholes 
   are located in both loose (moraines) sediments and bedrock. Several boreholes 
   are situated in the territory of the 'Kumtor' goldmine. The geocryological 
   conditions of goldmine 'Kumtor' and nearby territory have been discussed in 
   scientific reports 1988, 1989 and articles (see references). Two boreholes 
   were drilled in body of glacier 'Davydov' and located in the central and 
   lateral parts of the glacier (depth - 30 m). A third borehole passed through 
   the glacier, moraine and bedrock to a depth of 600 m. In the Kumtor and 
   Taragai valleys, permafrost temperature in 14 boreholes from 25 to 50 m depth, 
   between 3300-3750 m ASL were observed. The distance between outermost 
   boreholes is about 40 km.

   Temperature measurements in 9 geological prospecting adits [tunnels] 
   (lengthwise 1500-1900 m) located in the four neighboring valleys (altitudes 
   from 3920 to 4010 m) were carried out. At the same sites, but in natural 
   conditions, the thermal conductivity of the bedrock was determined by the 
   cylindrical sounding method. Grain size, soil moisture content, cryogenic 
   structure and depth of seasonal thaw were also obtained from 15 pits located 
   in differing altitudinal levels and exposures. At two further sites, ground 
   temperatures measurements at depths of 0, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 40 cm were 
   taken every hour during daylight hours every 5 days over a two year period. 
   Air temperature, wind velocity and duration of daylight were measured at the 
   same time as the ground temperature measurements. These data are presented on 
   the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-30
DIF_Revision_History: added creator / pub info