Borehole permafrost data, Kumtor and Taragai Valleys, Tienshan, Kazakhstan

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Entry ID

GGD499

Summary

This dataset includes observations of the permafrost temperatures in the Inner Tien Shan were started in 1986 by Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory. Observations are carried out on more than 40 boreholes, at altitudes between 3300-4200 m. The depths of the boreholes vary from 30 to 600 m. The boreholes are located in both loose (moraines) sediments and bedrock. Several boreholes are situated in the territory of the 'Kumtor' goldmine. The geocryological conditions of goldmine 'Kumtor' and nearby territory have been discussed in scientific reports 1988, 1989 and articles (see references). Two boreholes were drilled in body of glacier 'Davydov' and located in the central and lateral parts of the glacier (depth - 30 m). A third borehole passed through the glacier, moraine and bedrock to a depth of 600 m. In the Kumtor and Taragai valleys, permafrost temperature in 14 boreholes from 25 to 50 m depth, between 3300-3750 m ASL were observed. The distance between outermost boreholes is about 40 km.

Temperature measurements in 9 geological prospecting adits [tunnels] (lengthwise 1500-1900 m) located in the four neighboring valleys (altitudes from 3920 to 4010 m) were carried out. At the same sites, but in natural conditions, the thermal conductivity of the bedrock was determined by the cylindrical sounding method. Grain size, soil moisture content, cryogenic structure and depth of seasonal thaw were also obtained from 15 pits located in differing altitudinal levels and exposures. At two further sites, ground temperatures measurements at depths of 0, 2, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 40 cm were taken every hour during daylight hours every 5 days over a two year period. Air temperature, wind velocity and duration of daylight were measured at the same time as the ground temperature measurements. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 41.933°     S: 41.65°     E: 78.233°     W: 77.817°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Gorbunov, A., E. Ermolin, E. Seversky, A. Nemov, M. Popov, S. Titkov, and S. Marchenko
Dataset Title: Borehole permafrost data, Kumtor and Taragai Valleys, Tienshan, Kazakhstan
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd499.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1974-02-23
Stop Date: 1995-02-23

Start Date: 1974-02-23
Stop Date: 1995-03-14

Start Date: 1974-08-13
Stop Date: 1992-08-12

Start Date: 1980-03-25
Stop Date: 1995-03-29

Start Date: 1986-11-29
Stop Date: 1992-01-18

Start Date: 1986-12-14
Stop Date: 1992-01-17

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN KUMTOR RIVER VALLEY, TARAGAI RIVER VALLEY, AKSHIYRAK RANGE, INNER TIENSHAN

Science Keywords

  • Agriculture Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Structure
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Temperature
  • Agriculture Soils Thermal Conductivity
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Winds Surface Winds
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Cryosols
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Cryosols
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Structure
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Thermal Conductivity

Ancillary Keywords

  • Active Layer
  • Boreholes
  • Geocryology
  • Meteorology
  • Permafrost Extent
  • Snow
  • Soil Properties
  • Soil Temperature
  • Thermal Properties

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Aldar P. Gorbunov
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Fax: 7 3272 618102
Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
  • Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
  • PO Box 138

City: Almaty
Postal Code: 480091
Country: Kazakhstan

Evgeniy D. Ermolin
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Fax: 7 3272 618102
Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
Contact Address:

  • Institute of Siberian Branch of Russian
  • Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory
  • PO Box 138

City: Almaty
Postal Code: 480091
Country: Kazakhstan

Sergei Marchenko
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: ssmarchenko@alaska.edu
Contact Address:

  • University of Alaska
  • Geophysical Institute

City: Fairbanks
Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775
Country: USA

Eduard V. Seversky
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Fax: 7 3272 618102
Email: ingeo@kazmail.asdc.kz
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
  • Kazakhstan Alpine Permafrost Laboratory of Geocryology
  • PO Box 138

City: Almaty
Postal Code: 480091
Country: Kazakhstan

Alexandr E Nemov
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

    Country: Russia

    Mihail V Popov
    Role: INVESTIGATOR
    Contact Address:

      Country: Russia

      Sergei S Titkov
      Role: INVESTIGATOR
      Contact Address:

        Country: Russia

        Reference

        Gorbunov A.P. The Warming of Permafrost of Tien Shan. // Global Changes and Geography, Moscow, 1995, pp.125 (Abstract). Ermolin E.D., Atakanov U. Cryogenic Structure and Temperature Regime of Quaternary Deposits in Kumtor and Taragai. //Acad. Sc. Kirghiz.SSR, J:'Geology', 1988, N 6, pp. 89-102 (In Russian). Ermolin E.D., Nemov A.E. About Mountain Rock Temperatures in the Upper Naryn and Akshiyrak Valeys in the Inner Tien Shan. // Thermicity of Soil and Mountain Rock in the Cold Regions. Yakutsk, 1982, pp.126-134. (In Russian). Ermolin E.D., Nemov A.E. and Popov M.V. Periglacial-Geothermal Characteristic Goldmine 'Kumtor'. // Geocryological Investigations in Mountains of the USSR, Yakutsk, 1989, pp. 31-40. (In Russian). Ermolin E.D., Seversky E.V., Titkov S.N., Nemov A.E. and Popov M.V. Periglacial-geological Conditions and Prediction of its Changes by Kumtor Deposit Exploitation. Scientific-Technical Report, Yakutsk - Alma-Ata, 1988, 111 p. (In Russian). Marchenko S.S. Heat Conditions of Tien Shan Cryolithozone During the Holocene and Contemporary Tendencies of its Changes. // Proceeding of the International Conference: Mountain Research - Challenges and Directions for the 21st Century, Bishkek, 1996, pp.115-116. (Abstract).

        Metadata Name and Version

        Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
        Metadata Version: 9.7

        Creation and Review Dates

        DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
        Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-30

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