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Seasonal frost depths, midwestern USA

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Entry ID

GGD498

Summary

This dataset includes frost tube data from 37 stations in the Upper Midwest (Minnesota, North Dakota, Wisconsin), USA. The responsible agency was the St. Paul District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. These data were collected during 1971-1981 (no data for 1976/77) by cooperative observers who gathered the data for use in their spring run-off hydrologic predictions. The observers had frost tubes installed by District personnel in their back yards. The early penetration of frost at the beginning of the freezing season was not observed, but most observers picked up the record when 1 or 2' of frost had occurred. This data base, a preliminary version, was constructed by Richard K. Haugen and Glenn King from the manuscript records of the cooperative observers and is presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 48.833°     S: 43.767°     E: -90.183°     W: -101.3°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Haugen, R.
Dataset Title: Seasonal frost depths, midwestern USA
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd498.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1971-01-12
Stop Date: 1983-03-03

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA MINNESOTA, NORTH DAKOTA, WISCONSIN, MICHIGAN, USA

Science Keywords

  • Agriculture Soils Soil Temperature
  • Agriculture Soils Thermal Conductivity
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Thermal Conductivity
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw

Ancillary Keywords

  • Seasonal Freeze/thaw
  • Soil Temperature
  • Thermal Properties

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Glenn King
Role: DATA AUTHOR
Contact Address:

  • US Army CRREL
  • 72 Lyme Road

City: Hanover
Province or State: NH
Postal Code: 03755-1290
Country: USA

Richard Haugen
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: Richard.K.Haugen@hanover.valley.net
Contact Address:

  • Vermont Weather Associates, Ltd.
  • RR1, Box 143

City: East Thetford
Province or State: VT
Postal Code: 05043
Country: USA

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-30

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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