Entry_ID: GGD402
Entry_Title: Borehole and environmental protection descriptive and numerical data, Yamal Peninsula, Russia
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Minkin, M. and E. Melnikov
   Dataset_Title: Borehole and environmental protection descriptive and numerical data, Yamal Peninsula, Russia
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd402.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Mark A.
   Last_Name: Minkin
   Email: fund@fundamnt.ru
   Phone: 095 158 9538 or 158 0841 
   Fax: 1 095  158 3078 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Fundamentproekt
      Address: State Design and Investigation Institute
      Address: Volokolamskoye Shosse, 1
      City: Moscow
      Postal_Code: 125843 GSP
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: E.S.
   Last_Name: Melnikov
   Email: emelnikov@mtu-net.ru
   Phone: 7-095-135-9828 
   Fax:  7-095-135-6582 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
      Address: Laboratory of Geocryological Prediction and Informatics of Earth Cryosphere Inst
      Address: Vavilov Str. 30/6-74a
      City: Moscow
      Postal_Code: GSP-1, 119
      Country: Russia
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Classification
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Salinity/Soil Sodicity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Structure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Agriculture
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Biosphere
   Term: Vegetation
   Variable_Level_1: Vegetation Cover
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Seasonally Frozen Ground
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Seasonally Frozen Ground
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Landscape
   Variable_Level_1: Landscape Patterns
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Classification
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Salinity/Soil Sodicity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Structure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Keyword: Boreholes
Keyword: Geology
Keyword: Ground Ice
Keyword: Mapping
Keyword: Permafrost Properties
Keyword: permafrost temperatures
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Seasonal Freeze/thaw
Keyword: Soil Temperature
Keyword: Vegetation
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1977-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1990-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 66
   Northernmost_Latitude: 72.5
   Westernmost_Longitude: 65.5
   Easternmost_Longitude: 74
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: EASTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: RUSSIA
   Detailed_Location: YAMAL PENINSULA, RUSSIA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Melnikov, E.S. and N.G. Moskalenko, eds. 1991. Map of Natural Complexes of 
   West Siberia for the Purpose of Geocryological Prediction and Planning of 
   Nature-Protection Measures for the Mass Construction, 1:1,000,000.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This database of selected borehole records from the Yamal Peninsula, Russia, 
   contains environmental descriptions (textual and numerical) of the units on 
   the index map, and relevant borehole data. The Index Map of Yamal Peninsula 
   (VSEGINGEO-Earth Cryosphere Institute SB RAS; PI -  Prof.E.S.Melnikov) was 
   originally compiled at a scale of 1 to 1,000,000, as 'The Map of Natural 
   Complexes of West Siberia for the Purpose of Geocryological Prediction and 
   Planning of Nature-Protection Measures for the Mass Construction, 1 to 1 mln' 
   (1991) by E.S.Melnikov and N.G.Moskalenko (eds.). It was taken as a base map 
   for nature-protection regionalization. Environmental 'regions', 'sub-regions', 
   'landscapes' and localities' shown on a landscape map are merged into the 
   nature-protection regions. The map was compiled by interpreting more than 1000 
   satellite images and aerial photos as well as from analysis of field data from 
   several institutions. Dominating components of the landscape, composition of 
   the surface deposits, geocryological conditions and natural protection of 
   ground water were considered while distinguishing the Nature-Protection 
   Regions within the limits of Environmental Regions (Melnikov, 1988). The map 
   is supplied with relevant databases, containing the following information - 
   number of regions and landscape type; category of resiliency; category of the 
   ground water protection; vegetation type; geological and geocryological 
   structure to the depth of 10-15 m; ice content (of lenses and of 
   macro-inclusions separately); thickness of seasonally frozen and seasonally 
   thawed layers; ground temperature; contemporary exogenic geological 
   (periglacial) processes; and the area affected by these processes.

   The 55 nature-protection regions of Yamal Peninsula generalize information. To 
   approve the ranges of geocryological and cryolithological characteristics, 160 
   boreholes were retrieved out of the database containing more than 4000 
   boreholes data obtained in 1977-1990 by Fundamentproekt Design Institute 
   (Moscow, Russia; PI - Dr.sci.M.A.Minkin) at Kharasavey and Bovanenkovo gas 
   fields and along the pipelines Yamal-Ukhta and Yamal-Uzhgorod. The boreholes 
   have reference to geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude), as well 
   as to the nature-protection region numbers shown on the Index Map. A total of 
   21 units are covered by borehole data, 5-8 boreholes in each unit, covering 
   most typical conditions

   The original database consisted of 3 relational tables. The first table 
   includes category of resiliency; locality type description; landscape type 
   description; ground-ice content, water saturation, cryogenic structure, 
   macro-ground-ice content; vegetation types; seasonally frozen and seasonally 
   thawed layer depths; ground temperature at 10 m; exogenic geological  
   processes an their paragenesis and combinations; and degree of the surface 
   disturbance. The second relational table contains layer-by-layer description 
   of the lithological section types. The third table for the boreholes includes 
   the description of topography around the borehole; types of geological 
   profiles through the active layer and depths down to the permafrost table; 
   ground temperature at 10-m depth (close to the depth of zero annual amplitude 
   in the area); macro-ice content; and salinity of permafrost. These data are 
   presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-30
DIF_Revision_History: added creator / pub info