Borehole and environmental protection descriptive and numerical data, Yamal Peninsula, Russia

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Entry ID

GGD402

Summary

This database of selected borehole records from the Yamal Peninsula, Russia, contains environmental descriptions (textual and numerical) of the units on the index map, and relevant borehole data. The Index Map of Yamal Peninsula (VSEGINGEO-Earth Cryosphere Institute SB RAS; PI - Prof.E.S.Melnikov) was originally compiled at a scale of 1 to 1,000,000, as 'The Map of Natural Complexes of West Siberia for the Purpose of Geocryological Prediction and Planning of Nature-Protection Measures for the Mass Construction, 1 to 1 mln' (1991) by E.S.Melnikov and N.G.Moskalenko (eds.). It was taken as a base map for nature-protection regionalization. Environmental 'regions', 'sub-regions', 'landscapes' and localities' shown on a landscape map are merged into the nature-protection regions. The map was compiled by interpreting more than 1000 satellite images and aerial photos as well as from analysis of field data from several institutions. Dominating components of the landscape, composition of the surface deposits, geocryological conditions and natural protection of ground water were considered while distinguishing the Nature-Protection Regions within the limits of Environmental Regions (Melnikov, 1988). The map is supplied with relevant databases, containing the following information - number of regions and landscape type; category of resiliency; category of the ground water protection; vegetation type; geological and geocryological structure to the depth of 10-15 m; ice content (of lenses and of macro-inclusions separately); thickness of seasonally frozen and seasonally thawed layers; ground temperature; contemporary exogenic geological (periglacial) processes; and the area affected by these processes.

The 55 nature-protection regions of Yamal Peninsula generalize information. To approve the ranges of geocryological and cryolithological characteristics, 160 boreholes were retrieved out of the database containing more than 4000 boreholes data obtained in 1977-1990 by Fundamentproekt Design Institute (Moscow, Russia; PI - Dr.sci.M.A.Minkin) at Kharasavey and Bovanenkovo gas fields and along the pipelines Yamal-Ukhta and Yamal-Uzhgorod. The boreholes have reference to geographical coordinates (latitude and longitude), as well as to the nature-protection region numbers shown on the Index Map. A total of 21 units are covered by borehole data, 5-8 boreholes in each unit, covering most typical conditions

The original database consisted of 3 relational tables. The first table includes category of resiliency; locality type description; landscape type description; ground-ice content, water saturation, cryogenic structure, macro-ground-ice content; vegetation types; seasonally frozen and seasonally thawed layer depths; ground temperature at 10 m; exogenic geological processes an their paragenesis and combinations; and degree of the surface disturbance. The second relational table contains layer-by-layer description of the lithological section types. The third table for the boreholes includes the description of topography around the borehole; types of geological profiles through the active layer and depths down to the permafrost table; ground temperature at 10-m depth (close to the depth of zero annual amplitude in the area); macro-ice content; and salinity of permafrost. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 72.5°     S: 66°     E: 74°     W: 65.5°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Minkin, M. and E. Melnikov
Dataset Title: Borehole and environmental protection descriptive and numerical data, Yamal Peninsula, Russia
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd402.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1977-01-01
Stop Date: 1990-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA YAMAL PENINSULA, RUSSIA

Science Keywords

  • Agriculture Soils Permafrost
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Classification
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Salinity/Soil Sodicity
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Structure
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Temperature
  • Biosphere Vegetation Vegetation Cover
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Seasonally Frozen Ground
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Landscape Landscape Patterns
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Classification
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Salinity/Soil Sodicity
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Structure
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature

Ancillary Keywords

  • Boreholes
  • Geology
  • Ground Ice
  • Mapping
  • Permafrost Properties
  • permafrost temperatures
  • Remote Sensing
  • Seasonal Freeze/thaw
  • Soil Temperature
  • Vegetation

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Mark A. Minkin
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 095 158 9538 or 158 0841
Fax: 1 095 158 3078
Email: fund@fundamnt.ru
Contact Address:

  • Fundamentproekt
  • State Design and Investigation Institute
  • Volokolamskoye Shosse, 1

City: Moscow
Postal Code: 125843 GSP
Country: Russia

E.S. Melnikov
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 7-095-135-9828
Fax: 7-095-135-6582
Email: emelnikov@mtu-net.ru
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
  • Laboratory of Geocryological Prediction and Informatics of Earth Cryosphere Inst
  • Vavilov Str. 30/6-74a

City: Moscow
Postal Code: GSP-1, 119
Country: Russia

Reference

Melnikov, E.S. and N.G. Moskalenko, eds. 1991. Map of Natural Complexes of West Siberia for the Purpose of Geocryological Prediction and Planning of Nature-Protection Measures for the Mass Construction, 1:1,000,000.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-30

Metadata Views

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Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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