Active Layer Monitoring, Arctic and Subarctic Canada

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Entry ID

GGD353

Summary

This project involves measuring regional and site variability in maximum annual active layer development and vertical surface movement over permafrost, and monitoring sites over time in order to observe trends. The project records maximum thaw penetration, maximum heave and subsidence, late season snow depths, current depth of thaw, elevation, and soil properties. Some sites are twinned with soil- and air-temperature recording equipment.

The project includes about 60 monitoring stations extending from Fort Simpson, Canada, in the upper Mackenzie River valley to the Beaufort Sea coast at North Head, Richards Island, Canada. Ten of the sites are part of the IPA's Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) Program. CALM site numbers are in parentheses after the site names: North Head (C3), Taglu (C4), Lousy Point (C5), Reindeer Depot (C7), Rengleng River (C8), Mountain River (C9), Norman Wells (C11), Ochre River (C13), Willowlake River (C14), and Fort Simpson (C15). See the CALM Program Web page for geographic coordinates and site history for all CALM sites.

These data are the property of the people of Canada and the responsibility of the Geological Survey of Canada. If published, adequate acknowledgment is expected. Please contact F. M. Nixon regarding use of the data set or access to the extended data.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 69.717°     S: 61.883°     E: -121.6°     W: -134.95°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Nixon, F. Mark
Dataset Title: Active Layer Monitoring, Arctic and Subarctic Canada
Dataset Release Date: 2003-05-22updated January 2009
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 6
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd353.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1991-01-01
Stop Date: 2007-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA CANADA ARCTIC AND SUBARCTIC CANADA, INCLUDING 10 CANADIAN

Science Keywords

  • Agriculture Soils Permafrost
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Agriculture Soils Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Periglacial Processes
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Periglacial Processes
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Topography Terrain Elevation
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Freeze/Thaw
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth

Ancillary Keywords

  • Active Layer
  • Geocryology
  • Monitoring
  • Periglacial Processes
  • Permafrost
  • Snow
  • Soil Moisture
  • Soil Temperature
  • Thaw
  • Thermokarst

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Data Set Progress

complete

Originating Center

FGDC

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 865 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

F. Mark Nixon
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 613 992-2469
Fax: 1 613 992-0190
Email: mnixon@nrcan-rncan.gc.ca
Contact Address:

  • Geological Survey of Canada
  • 191- 601 rue Booth Street

City: Ottawa
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: K1A 0E8
Country: Canada

R. Mackay
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 604 822-2663
Fax: 1 604 822-6150
Contact Address:

  • University of British Columbia
  • Department of Geography
  • 217-1984 West Mall

City: Vancouver
Province or State: BC
Postal Code: V6T 1Z2
Country: Canada

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
CALM Program

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
CALM Web Page

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost

Reference

Aylsworth, J.M., and P.A. Egginton. 1994. Sensitivity of slopes to climate change. Mackenzie Basin Impact Study, Interim report #2, Proceedings of the sixth biennial AES/DIAND meeting on northern climate & mid study workshop of the Mackenzie basin impact study. Environment Canada.

Dyke, L.D., 2000. Stability of permafrost slopes in the Mackenzie Valley; In The Physical Environment of the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories: A Base Line for the Assessment of Environmental Change, Dyke LD, Brooks GR (eds). Bulletin 547, Geological Survey of Canada, p. 161–169.

Edlund, S.A., B.T. Alt, and K.L. Young. 1989. Interaction of climate, vegetation, and soil hydrology at Hot Weather Creek, Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1989-D. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Hinzman, L.D., and D.L. Kane. 1992. Potential response of an arctic watershed during a period of global warming. Journal of Geophysical Research 97(D3): 2811-2820.

Kokelj S.V. and C.R. Burn, 2005. Geochemistry of the active layer and near-surface permafrost, Mackenzie delta region, Northwest Territories, Canada; Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42(1), p. 37-48.

Mackay, J.R. 1976. Ice-wedges as indicators of recent climatic change, western Arctic coast. In Current Research 1976-A. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Mackay, J.R. 1975. The stability of permafrost and recent climatic change in the Mackenzie Valley, N.W.T. In Report of Activities, Part B, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 75-1B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Mackay, J.R. 1973. A frost tube for the determination of freezing in the active layer above permafrost. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 10: 392-396.

Nixon, F.M. 2000. Thaw-depth monitoring. In Physical Environment of the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories: a Base Line for the Assessment of Environmental Change, L.D. Dyke and G.R. Brooks, eds. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 547: 119-126.

Nixon, F.M., and A.E. Taylor. 1998. Regional active layer monitoring across the sporadic, discontinuous and continuous permafrost zones, Mackenzie Valley, northwestern Canada. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Yellowknife.

Nixon, F.M., A.E. Taylor, V.S. Allen, and F. Wright. 1995. Active layer monitoring in natural environments, lower Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1995-B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Nixon, F.M., and A.E. Taylor. 1994. Active layer monitoring in natural environments, Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1994-B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Nixon, F.M., C. Tarnocai, and L. Kutny. 2003. Long-term active layer monitoring: Mackenzie Valley, northwest Canada. In Permafrost, Vol. 2, M. Philips, S. Springman, and L.U. Arenson, eds. Lisse, The Netherlands: A.A. Balkema Publishers, Swets & Zeitlinger.

Smith, S.L., M.M. Burgess, and F.M. Nixon. 2001. Response of active-layer and permafrost temperatures to warming during 1998 in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories and at Canadian Forces Station Alert and Baker Lake, Nunavut. In Current Research 2001-E5. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Tarnocai C., F.M. Nixon, and L. Kutny. 2004. Circumpolar Active-Layer Monitoring (CALM) sites in the Mackenzie Valley, northwestern Canada. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 15(2): 141-153.

Quinton WL, Shirazi T, Carey SK, Pomeroy JW., 2005. Soil water storage and active-layer development in a sub-alpine tundra hillslope, southern Yukon Territory, Canada; Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 16: p. 369–382.

Waelbroeck, C., P. Monfray, W.C. Oechel, S. Hastings, and G. Vourlitis. 1997. The impact of permafrost thawing on the carbon dynamics of tundra. Geophysical Research Letters 24: 229-232.

Wolfe, S.A., E. Kotler, and F.M. Nixon. 2000. Recent warming impacts in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, and northern Yukon Territory coastal areas. In Current Research 2000-B1. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada. Document is available online at: http://gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/bookstore/.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2003-05-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-09-18

Metadata Views

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ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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