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Rock glaciers, Austria

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Identification Information:

Dataset Identifier:

GGD310

Citation:

Citation Information:

Originator: Lieb, G.K
Publication Date: 19980101
Title: Rock glaciers, Austria
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd310.html

Description:

Abstract:

The Austrian Alps are part of the Eastern Alps which consist of three main mountain ranges. The Northern Alps as well as the Southern Alps are predominantly built of limestone and have poor glaciation in spite of high amounts of precipitation (2000-3000 mm/a) due to the fact that they reach elevations of not more than 3000 m. In contrast the Central Alps consist of metamorphic rocks and receive less precipitation, but are glaciated on large areas (highest mountain of Austria: Groglockner, 3797 m). Recent permafrost and rock glaciers are best developed in the Central Alps, where discontinuous mountain permafrost occurs above a mean altitude of 2500 m.

Rock glaciers were mapped from aerial photographs (different years, most of them 1980-1990) completely covering the area described above. The inventory comprises 1451 rock glaciers with data on their horizontal and vertical position, activity, and morphometric characteristics of each rock glacier. The distinction between active and inactive rock glaciers within the activity class 'intact' was not possible due to the quality of the photographs. Only 19 % of the rock glaciers were classified as intact, while 81 % are relict ones and in most cases of Late Glacial age (a great part of the investigated is situated below present day lower limit of permafrost). In detail the inventory contains information of the following parameters: 1: River basin 2: Number of rock glacier according to river basins 3: Topographic name out of the official map 1:50.000 4: Mountain group 5: Number of official map 1:50.000 6: Number of official aerial photograph map 7: Exposure (8 classes) 8: Lower limit of rock glacier (m above sea level) 9: Maximum length (m, in estimated flow direction) 10: Maximum width (m) 11: Activity (2 classes: intact, relict=fossil) 12: Highest point of the catchment area of the rock glacier (m above sea level) 13: Difference between 12 and 8 (m)

Geographic coordinates of coverage as listed in the GGD inventory are approximate. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998. The inventory does not include measurements on dynamics of rock glacier permafrost.

Purpose: scientific research

Documentation:

User's Guide:

Citation Information:

Originator: Lieb, G.K
Publication Date: 19980101
Title: Rock glaciers, Austria
Publication Information:
Publication Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/fgdc/ggd310_rockglac_austria/index.html

Time Period of Content:

Time Period Information:

Range of Dates/Times:

Beginning Date: 19800101
Ending Date: 19901231

Currentness Reference: publication date

Status:

Progress: Complete
Maintenance and Update Frequency: Unknown

Spatial Domain:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

West Bounding Coordinate: 12°
East Bounding Coordinate: 17°
North Bounding Coordinate: 49°
South Bounding Coordinate: 47°

Keywords:

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Cryosphere Frozen Ground Rock Glaciers
Theme Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE Land Surface Frozen Ground Rock Glaciers

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: None
Theme Keyword:

Theme:

Theme Keyword Thesaurus: None
Theme Keyword: GIS
Theme Keyword: Mapping
Theme Keyword: Remote Sensing
Theme Keyword: Rock Glaciers

Place:

Place Keyword Thesaurus: NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
Place Keyword: Continent Europe Western Europe Austria Austrian part of Eastern Alps

Access Constraints:

None

Use Constraints:

None

Point of Contact:

Contact Information:

Contact Person Primary:

Contact Person: Gerhard K. Lieb
Contact Organization: Karl Franzens Universitaet Graz, Institute of Geography

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • Heinrichstrasse 36
City: Graz
State or Province: Unknown
Postal Code: A-8010
Country: Austria

Contact Voice Telephone: Unknown

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Distribution Information:

Distributor:

Contact Information:

Contact Organization Primary:

Contact Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact Person: NSIDC User Services

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Electronic Mail Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

Resource Description:

GGD310

Distribution Liability:

NSIDC cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NSIDC makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Standard Order Process:

Digital Form:

Digital Transfer Information:

Format Name: GIF

Digital Transfer Option:

Online Option:

Computer Contact Information:

Network Address:

Network Resource Name: Click here.

Fees: None

Standard Order Process:

Digital Form:

Digital Transfer Information:

Format Name: ASCII Text (.txt)

Digital Transfer Option:

Online Option:

Computer Contact Information:

Network Address:

Network Resource Name: Click here.

Fees: None

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Metadata Reference Information:

Metadata Date:

20120829

Metadata Review Date:

20120829

Metadata Contact:

Contact Information:

Contact Person Primary:

Contact Person: NSIDC User Services
Contact Organization: National Snow and Ice Data Center

Contact Address:

Address Type: mailing
Address:
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado
City: Boulder
State or Province: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199
Contact Facsimile Telephone: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Electronic Mail Address: nsidc@nsidc.org

Metadata Standard Name:

FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata: Extensions for Remote Sensing Metadata

Metadata Standard Version:

FGDC-STD-012-2002

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Metadata Views

FGDC Text-Only

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) in plain text

FGDC XML

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata