Entry_ID: GGD310
Entry_Title: Rock glaciers, Austria
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Lieb, G.K
   Dataset_Title: Rock glaciers, Austria
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd310.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Gerhard K.
   Last_Name: Lieb
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Karl Franzens Universitaet Graz
      Address: Institute of Geography
      Address: Heinrichstrasse 36
      City: Graz
      Postal_Code: A-8010
      Country: Austria
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Rock Glaciers
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Rock Glaciers
End_Group
Keyword: GIS
Keyword: Mapping
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Rock Glaciers
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1980-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1990-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 47
   Northernmost_Latitude: 49
   Westernmost_Longitude: 12
   Easternmost_Longitude: 17
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: EUROPE
   Location_Subregion1: WESTERN EUROPE
   Location_Subregion2: AUSTRIA
   Detailed_Location: AUSTRIAN PART OF EASTERN ALPS
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: GIF
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Lieb, G.K. (1991). The horizontal and vertical distribution of rock glaciers 
   in the Hohe Tauern Range (Austria). - Z. Geomorph. N.F. 35/3, 345-365 (in 
   German).  Lieb, G.K. (1996). Permafrost and rock glaciers in the Eastern 
   Austrian Alps. - In: Contributions to permafrost research in Austria. Arbeiten 
   aus dem Institut fuer Geographie der Universitaet Graz 33, 9-125 (in German).

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The Austrian Alps are part of the Eastern Alps which consist of three main 
   mountain ranges. The Northern Alps as well as the Southern Alps are 
   predominantly built of limestone and have poor glaciation in spite of high 
   amounts of precipitation (2000-3000 mm/a) due to the fact that they reach 
   elevations of not more than 3000 m. In contrast the Central Alps consist of 
   metamorphic rocks and receive less precipitation, but are glaciated on large 
   areas (highest mountain of Austria: Groglockner, 3797 m). Recent permafrost 
   and rock glaciers are best developed in the Central Alps, where discontinuous 
   mountain permafrost occurs above a mean altitude of 2500 m.

   Rock glaciers were mapped from aerial photographs (different years, most of 
   them 1980-1990) completely covering the area described above. The inventory 
   comprises 1451 rock glaciers with data on their horizontal and vertical 
   position, activity, and morphometric characteristics of each rock glacier. The 
   distinction between active and inactive rock glaciers within the activity 
   class 'intact' was not possible due to the quality of the photographs. Only 19 
   % of the rock glaciers were classified as intact, while 81 % are relict ones 
   and in most cases of Late Glacial age (a great part of the investigated is 
   situated below present day lower limit of permafrost). In detail the inventory 
   contains information of the following parameters: 1: River basin 2: Number of 
   rock glacier according to river basins 3: Topographic name out of the official 
   map 1:50.000 4: Mountain group 5: Number of official map 1:50.000 6: Number of 
   official aerial photograph map 7: Exposure (8 classes) 8: Lower limit of rock 
   glacier (m above sea level) 9: Maximum length (m, in estimated flow direction) 
   10: Maximum width (m) 11: Activity (2 classes: intact, relict=fossil) 12: 
   Highest point of the catchment area of the rock glacier (m above sea level) 
   13: Difference between 12 and 8 (m)

   Geographic coordinates of coverage as listed in the GGD inventory are 
   approximate. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 
   1998. The inventory does not include measurements on dynamics of rock glacier 
   permafrost.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-29
DIF_Revision_History: added creator/pub info