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Rock glaciers, Entremont, Valais, Switzerland

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

Rock glaciers, Entremont, Valais, Switzerland

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Reynald Delaloye
Organization Name: University of Fribourg
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 21
Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 10

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Perolles
City: Fribourg
Postal Code: CH-1700
Country: Switzerland
Email: Reynald.Delaloye@unifr.ch

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-04-23

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/ggd290.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Rock glaciers, Entremont, Valais, Switzerland
Date:
Date: 1998
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition Date: 1998-01-01
Identifier: GGD290
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

The Entremont area is 300 square km wide and located in the western part of the Swiss Alps between the Mont-Blanc Massif and the Valaisian Alps, slightly north of the main crest of the alpine range. Altitude varies between 4313 m above see level (asl) at the top of the Grand-Combin and 714 m asl for the outlet of the valleys system. The geological composition is essentially dominated by metamorphic rocks (gneiss, shale, quartzite), however some sedimentary layers (limestone, dolomite) are inserted. The mean annual air temperature is about 0 C at 2300 m asl and annual precipitation among ranges between 1000 and 1500 mm at 2000 m asl with a maximum value of about 2000 mm on the alpine crest (Grand-St-Bernard pass). Equilibrium line of glaciers is over 3000 m asl in the north-facing slopes, the timberline is at about 2100 m asl and permafrost creeping features exist between 2000 and 3000 m asl, what results in a great variety of mountain and morphological landscapes. Aerial photographs analyses and field morphological observations have been performed during summer 1995 in order to inventory and map (1 to 25000) 321 well-developed to embryonic rock glaciers and protalus lobes (coexisting features have been separated) of total area 10.4 square. km. Rock glacier activity classification results from interpretation of both geomorphological and environmental signs. Some geophysics (BTS measurements and DC resistivity soundings) have been performed between 1995 and 1997 on a few rock glaciers in order to confirm the initial interpretation. Data described in this file on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998, are-- 1. Location (X, Y)-- Swiss coordinates near the center of the feature. 2. Front elevation (Z)-- Elevation (m a.s.l.) at the foot of the front (accuracy: 10 m). 3. Length-- Maximal distance (m) between front and roots (accuracy: 10 - 20%). 4. Width-- Mean width (m) of the feature (accuracy: 10%). 5. Orientation-- Global exposition of the rock glacier. 6. Activity-- Interpretation by field indicators observation, only in a few cases by geophysics. 7. Surface (ha)-- Calculated by 1 to 25,000 numerical mapping (accuracy: 5 - 10%). 8. Origin-- Talus or moraine (debris) derived rock glacier ? Other information such as lithology, spring temperature, vegetation cover, inclination, roots elevation are partly available, but not described in the present data set.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Delaloye, R, E. Reynard, and L.Wenker. 1998. Rock glaciers, Entremont, Valais, Switzerland. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Reynald Delaloye
Organization Name: University of Fribourg
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 21
Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 10

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Perolles
City: Fribourg
Postal Code: CH-1700
Country: Switzerland
Email: Reynald.Delaloye@unifr.ch

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Sonia Morand
Organization Name: University of Fribourg
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 3009010

Contact Address:

City: Fribourg
Postal Code: CH-1700
Country: Switzerland

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Reynald Delaloye
Organization Name: University of Fribourg
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 21
Contact Voice Telephone: 41 26 300 90 10

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Perolles
City: Fribourg
Postal Code: CH-1700
Country: Switzerland
Email: Reynald.Delaloye@unifr.ch

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > Europe > Western Europe > Switzerland > Entremont, Central and Western Alps, Valais, Switzerland
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Snow/Ice > Snow/Ice Temperature
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: None
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: BTS Measurements
Keyword: Field Investigations
Keyword: Geophysics
Keyword: Mapping
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Use Constraints : none

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: 7.083
Eastbound Longitude: 7.317
Southbound Latitude: 45.85
Northbound Latitude: 46.083

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: 19950101
End Position: 19971231

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Specification: FTP

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/fgdc/ggd290_rockglac_switzer/
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/fgdc/ggd290_rockglac_switzer/index.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Medium Name: FTP

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)