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Rock glaciers, Bernese Alps, western Switzerland

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

Rock glaciers, Bernese Alps, western Switzerland

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Markus Imhof
Organization Name: ersit of Bern
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 31 631 8567

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Hallerstrasse 12
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland
Email: imhof@giub.unibe.ch

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-07-24

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/ggd286.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Rock glaciers, Bernese Alps, western Switzerland
Date:
Date: 1998
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition Date: 1998-01-01
Identifier: GGD286
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

This inventory has been established from the results of the interpretation of aerial photographs and field work between 1992 and 1994. The area investigated covers the entire Bernese Alps (western Switzerland), about 4200 km2, and is situated between 46 deg 10' and 46 deg 50' N and 7 deg 10' and 8 deg 30' E. The Bernese Alps are one of the main European watersheds, separating the catchment area of the Aare (draining into the North Sea via the Rhine) from that of the Rhone (which flows into the Mediterranean Sea). The lowest points of the study area are situated in the valley floors of the two rivers at about 500 m asl, whereas several summits exceed 4000 m asl (highest point-- Finsteraarhorn, 4273 m asl). The main structure of the Bernese Alps is the crystalline Aar massif striking WSW-ENE and culminating in the western part of the study area. To the north and the west, the massif is covered by thrust nappes consisting of sedimentary rocks mainly of Mesozoic and early Tertiary age (chiefly marine limestones, shales, and sandstones). Their summits are considerably lower (mostly between 2000 and 3500 m asl). According to their geographic situation between 46 deg and 47 deg N, the climate of the Bernese Alps is of temperate character typical for the zone of the westerlies. Because of the their horizontal and vertical extension, the Alps themselves have considerable influence on the climate. Based on climatic criteria, two main realms can be distinguished: the moist and quite oceanic part in the north of the main watershed and the slightly more continental part sloping south to the Rhone. The northern part, exposed to the westerlies, shows maximum precipitation during summer, with quite low variability, whereas the south is somewhat dryer, showing no distinct maximum but higher variability. Accordingly, mean cloudiness is higher in the north. This results in an increase in the height of the mean glacier elevation from about 2500 m asl in the northern part of the Bernese Alps to 2900 m asl in the south. Because of the high precipitation (locally exceeding 4000 mm per year) and their external situation, the Bernese Alps show a lower equilibrium line of the glaciers and are the mountain group showing the heaviest glacierization of the Alps, which leaves little space for periglacial phenomena (both the glacier showing the lowermost front and the largest glacier of the Alps are situated within the study site). However, this does not mean that permafrost is rare in the Bernese Alps; above 3300 m asl, permafrost can be considered as continuous. In fact, the bedrock of many of the higher mountains in the Bernese Alps is perennially frozen. The number of rock glaciers found in the Bernese Alps is relatively small compared with other Alpine regions. Furthermore, the objects are quite small. This can be explained with the stronger glacierization. Modelling shows that permafrost ground amounts to roughly half as much as the glacierized area (subglacial permafrost not included). (Imhof, 1996) These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Imhof, M.. 1998. Rock glaciers, Bernese Alps, western Switzerland. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Markus Imhof
Organization Name: ersit of Bern
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 31 631 8567

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Hallerstrasse 12
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland
Email: imhof@giub.unibe.ch

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Markus Imhof
Organization Name: ersit of Bern
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 41 31 631 8567

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: Hallerstrasse 12
City: Bern
Postal Code: CH-3012
Country: Switzerland
Email: imhof@giub.unibe.ch

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > Europe > Western Europe > Switzerland > Bernese Alps, Western Switzerland
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Periglacial Processes
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Periglacial Processes
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: None
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: Field Investigations
Keyword: Mapping
Keyword: Remote Sensing
Keyword: Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Use Constraints : none

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: 7.167
Eastbound Longitude: 8.5
Southbound Latitude: 46.167
Northbound Latitude: 46.833

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: 19920101
End Position: 19941231

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Specification: FTP

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/fgdc/ggd286_rockglac_switzer/
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/fgdc/ggd286_rockglac_switzer/index.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Medium Name: FTP

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)