Rock glaciers from Norway and Svalbard

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Metadata Entity Set Information:

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Hierarchy Level:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Hierarchy Level Name:

Rock glaciers from Norway and Svalbard

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Ivar Berthling
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: Data Author
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Date Stamp:

2014-09-01

Metadata Standard Name:

ISO 19115 Geographic Information - Metadata First Edition

Metadata Standard Version:

ISO 19115:2003

Dataset URI:

http://nsidc.org/data/ggd284.html

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Data Identification Information:

Citation:

Citation Information:

Title: Rock glaciers from Norway and Svalbard
Date:
Date: 1998
Date Type:
Value: publication
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode
Edition Date: 1998-01-01
Identifier: GGD284
Cited Responsible Party:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Abstract:

A complete inventory of rock glaciers on mainland Norway and Svalbard has only been carried out in connection with coarse geomorphological mapping. The data presented here are therefore averaged on a regional scale. Some detailed geomorpholgical maps exist, however, where more detailed information can be extracted. The data listed are therefore not a complete database of Norwegian rock glaciers. Recently detailed studies have been carried out on rockglaciers in the Ny Alesund and the Longyearbyen areas on Svalbard. From these studies, detailed data are available. On mainland Norway, there are at least 150 rock glaciers (Sollid and Sorbel 1992) . These may be grouped as follows: 1. Probably active rock glaciers in high mountain areas in southern and northern Norway. Most of these are situated in the Rondane mountain area of southern Norway. 2. Relict rock glaciers in low-lying areas near the coast of northern Norway. These rock glaciers have a position marginal to the Weichselian ice sheet and were formed during permafrost conditions before or during deglaciation. 3. Relict rock glaciers in higher inland areas of northern Norway. These rock glaciers are believed to have formed under permafrost conditions during deglaciation possibly because of rock falls caused by tectonic activity during isostatic uplift. On Svalbard, there are at least 500 rock glaciers (Kristiansen and Sollid 1986). Most of these are situated on the central and western part of Spitsbergen. They are most common in coastal areas, often below the steep escarpment which delimits the inner part of the strandflat. As Svalbard has continuous permafrost, most of these are probably active. Some may however be inactive, as for instance the rock glaciers at Stuphallet near Ny Alesund (Sollid and Sorbel 1992). In those cases, the rock glaciers have moved out of its source area and onto the strandflat. Partly in cooperation with ETH-Zurich, detailed investigations have been started in the Ny Alesund area, Western Spitsbergen. These investigations have been enlarged also to the Longyearbyen area, central Spitsbergen. Principal methods have been velocity measurements, using theodolite/EDM, GPS and photogrammetry; geophysical methods (DC resistivity soundings, seismic refraction soundings, gravimetry and georadar); and morphometrical analysis using a Digital Elevation Model and a grid-based GIS. Typical velocities are between 5 and 10 cm/year, both for lobate and tongue-shaped rock glaciers. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Purpose:

Scientific Research

Credit:

The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Sollid, J.L., B. Etzelmuller, and L. Soerbel. 1998. Rock glaciers from Norway and Svalbard. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Status:

Value: complete
CodeList: MD_ProgressCode

Point of Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Ivar Berthling
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway

Contact Role:

Value: Data Author
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Johan Ludvig Sollid
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway
Email: j.l.sollid@geografi.uio.no

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Leif Soerbel
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway
Email: leif.sorbel@geografi.iuo.no

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Bernd Etzelmuller
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway
Email: bernd.etzelmuller@geografi.uio.no

Contact Role:

Value: principalInvestigator
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Maintenance Information:

Maintenance and Update Frequency:

Value: asNeeded
CodeList: MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode

Update Scope:

Value: dataset
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: series
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Value: attribute
CodeList: MD_ScopeCode

Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: Ivar Berthling
Organization Name: University of Oslo
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 47 228 55869

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: PO Box 1042, Blindern
City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0316
Country: Norway

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: Data Author
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Descriptive Keywords:

Keywords

Keyword: Continent > Europe > Northern Europe > Scandanavia > Norway > Rondane mountain area of southern Norway; coastal northern
Keyword Type:
Value: place
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Location Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Cryosphere > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Permafrost
Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Land Surface > Frozen Ground > Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: discipline
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: NASA / GCMD Science Keywords
Date:
Date: 2008-02-05
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode
Keyword Thesaurus:

Citation Information:

Title: None
Date:
Date: 2008-01-24
Date Type:
Value: revision
CodeList: CI_DateTypeCode

Keywords

Keyword: Geophysics
Keyword: GIS
Keyword: Mapping
Keyword: Rock Glaciers
Keyword Type:
Value: theme
CodeList: MD_KeywordTypeCode

Dataset Constraints:

Legal Constraints:

Access Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Use Constraints:

Value: otherRestrictions
CodeList: MD_RestrictionCode

Other Constraints:

Access Constraints : none

Use Constraints : none

Language:

eng; usa

Character Set:

Value: UTF8
CodeList: MD_CharacterSetCode

Extent Information:

Spatial Temporal Extent:

Geographic Element:

Bounding Coordinates:

 

Westbound Longitude: 10
Eastbound Longitude: 31
Southbound Latitude: 58
Northbound Latitude: 81

Temporal Element:

Time Period:

Begin Position: 19850101
End Position: 19971231

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Distribution Information:

Distributor Information:

Distributor Contact:

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: NSIDC User Services
Organization Name: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Responsible Party:

Individual Name: FGDC User Services
Organization Name: Frozen Ground Data Center
Contact:

Contact Phone:

Contact Voice Telephone: 1 303 492-6199 x

Contact Address:

Delivery Point: National Snow and Ice Data Center
City: Boulder
Administrative Area: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org

Contact Online Resources:

Website: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Contact Role:

Value: custodian
CodeList: CI_RoleCode

Distribution Format(s):

Data File Format:

Name: ASCII Text (.txt)
Specification: FTP

Digital Transfer Options:

Online Transfer Options:

Online Resources:

Linkage: ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/fgdc/ggd284_rockglac_norway/
Description: Data Access URL
Function:

Value: download
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Linkage: http://nsidc.org/data/docs/fgdc/ggd284_rockglac_norway/index.html
Description: Documentation URL
Function:

Value: information
CodeList: CI_OnLineFunctionCode

Offline Transfer Options:

Offline Resources:

Name:

Value: onLine
CodeList: MD_MediumNameCode
Medium Name: FTP

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Metadata Views

ISO Text-Only

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in plain text

ISO XML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

DIF HTML

NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Directory Interchange Format (DIF)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)