Entry_ID: GGD249
Entry_Title: Active layer thickness and ground temperatures, Svea, Svalbard
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Bakkehoi, S. and O. Gregerson
   Dataset_Title: Active layer thickness and ground temperatures, Svea, Svalbard
   Dataset_Release_Date: 1998-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd249.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Data Author
   First_Name: Odd
   Last_Name: Gregersen
   Email: og@ngi.no
   Phone: 47-22-023000 
   Fax:  47-22-230448 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Norges Geotekniske Institut
      Address: PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby
      City: Oslo
      Postal_Code: N-0806
      Country: Norway
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Data Author
   First_Name: Odd
   Last_Name: Gregersen
   Email: og@ngi.no
   Phone: 47-22-023000 
   Fax:  47-22-230448 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Norges Geotekniske Institut
      Address: PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby
      City: Oslo
      Postal_Code: N-0806
      Country: Norway
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Steinar
   Last_Name: Bakkehoi
   Email: sba@ngi.no
   Phone: 47-22-023000 
   Fax:  47-22-230448 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Norges Geotekniske Institut
      Address: PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby
      City: Oslo
      Postal_Code: N-0806
      Country: Norway
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Odd
   Last_Name: Gregersen
   Email: og@ngi.no
   Phone: 47-22-023000 
   Fax:  47-22-230448 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Norges Geotekniske Institut
      Address: PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby
      City: Oslo
      Postal_Code: N-0806
      Country: Norway
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Odd
   Last_Name: Gregersen
   Email: og@ngi.no
   Phone: 47-22-023000 
   Fax:  47-22-230448 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Norges Geotekniske Institut
      Address: PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby
      City: Oslo
      Postal_Code: N-0806
      Country: Norway
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Density
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Snow Water Equivalent
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Active Layer
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Keyword: Active Layer
Keyword: Engineering
Keyword: Meteorology
Keyword: Snow
Keyword: Soil Properties
Keyword: Soil Temperature
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1987-07-01
   Stop_Date: 1996-05-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 77.9
   Northernmost_Latitude: 77.9
   Westernmost_Longitude: 16.683
   Easternmost_Longitude: 16.683
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ATLANTIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion1: NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion2: SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN
   Detailed_Location: SVEA, SVALBARD
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: Paper
   Distribution_Format: Paper
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Bakkehoi, S. and C. Bandis. 1987. Preliminary analysis of climatic data from 
   the permafrost station at Svea, Spitsbergen. Frost i Jord, no. 26, p. 27-32.  
   Gregersen, O., Phukan, A., Johansen, T. 1983. Engineering properties and 
   foundation design alternatives in marine Svea clay, Svalbard. Permafrost, 5th 
   International Conference. Proceedings, vol. 1, Tapir Publishers, Trondheim, 
   Norway, p. 39-43. Bakkehoi, S. and C. Bandis. 1987. Meteorological conditions' 
    influence on permafrost ground in Sveagruva, Spitsbergen. Permafrost, 4th 
   International Conference. Proceedings, National Academy Press, Washingrton, 
   DC, p. 384-388.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   Snow and soil temperature records for January 1988 - May 1996 are presented. 
   Included are snow depth and weight measurements, snow density (calculated), 
   active layer depth in the frost tubes, weight of wet and dried soil samples 
   from unknown depth within the active layer (water content calculated), and 
   soil temperature at the surface (0.05 cm) and to the depths of 3 to 4 meters 
   at 3 sites. The sites are 1) on a road covered by 1 m of gravel underlain by 
   clay; 2) outside a building on piles, (sensors are placed 1 to 2 m from the 
   building wall); and 3) under the building between piles. In addition, air 
   temperature was measured inside the building or between the piles 
   (documentation is not clear on this point.) There are several gaps in 
   temperature measurements (January 1991 to May 1992). These data are presented 
   on the CAPS CD-ROM version 1.0, June 1998.

   Air temperature, wind direction, and temperature were measured at 5, 20, 50, 
   100, 150, and 200 cm below the tundra surface at an undisturbed site; and at 
   5, 20, 50, 100, 150, 200 cm, and 3 m and 8 m below the concrete surface of a 
   building. Incoming radiation, outgoing radiation, temperature of the heat flux 
   instrument, global radiation, heat flux, wind speed, wind speed maximum, 
   average wind speed, and temperature inside the building were measured since 
   1993 with data loggers. All data are recorded for July 1987 - February 1996.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/swe/
   Description: Snow Water Equivalent Field Measurements
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 1998-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-24
DIF_Revision_History: added creator & publisher info