Close

Service Interruption

The NSIDC Web site and data services are currently having intermittent problems and may be unavailable. We are working to restore these services as soon as possible and apologize for any inconvenience this may cause. Please contact NSIDC User Services for assistance.



Active layer thickness and ground temperatures, Svea, Svalbard

View Catalog Page

Entry ID

GGD249

Summary

Snow and soil temperature records for January 1988 - May 1996 are presented. Included are snow depth and weight measurements, snow density (calculated), active layer depth in the frost tubes, weight of wet and dried soil samples from unknown depth within the active layer (water content calculated), and soil temperature at the surface (0.05 cm) and to the depths of 3 to 4 meters at 3 sites. The sites are 1) on a road covered by 1 m of gravel underlain by clay; 2) outside a building on piles, (sensors are placed 1 to 2 m from the building wall); and 3) under the building between piles. In addition, air temperature was measured inside the building or between the piles (documentation is not clear on this point.) There are several gaps in temperature measurements (January 1991 to May 1992). These data are presented on the CAPS CD-ROM version 1.0, June 1998.

Air temperature, wind direction, and temperature were measured at 5, 20, 50, 100, 150, and 200 cm below the tundra surface at an undisturbed site; and at 5, 20, 50, 100, 150, 200 cm, and 3 m and 8 m below the concrete surface of a building. Incoming radiation, outgoing radiation, temperature of the heat flux instrument, global radiation, heat flux, wind speed, wind speed maximum, average wind speed, and temperature inside the building were measured since 1993 with data loggers. All data are recorded for July 1987 - February 1996.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 77.9°     S: 77.9°     E: 16.683°     W: 16.683°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Bakkehoi, S. and O. Gregerson
Dataset Title: Active layer thickness and ground temperatures, Svea, Svalbard
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd249.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1987-07-01
Stop Date: 1996-05-31

Location Keywords

  • OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN SVEA, SVALBARD

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Temperature Air Temperature
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Density
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Water Equivalent
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Moisture/Water Content

Ancillary Keywords

  • Active Layer
  • Engineering
  • Meteorology
  • Snow
  • Soil Properties
  • Soil Temperature

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: Paper
Distribution Format: Paper

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Odd Gregersen
Role: DATA AUTHOR
Phone: 47-22-023000
Fax: 47-22-230448
Email: og@ngi.no
Contact Address:

  • Norges Geotekniske Institut
  • PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby

City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0806
Country: Norway

Odd Gregersen
Role: DATA AUTHOR
Phone: 47-22-023000
Fax: 47-22-230448
Email: og@ngi.no
Contact Address:

  • Norges Geotekniske Institut
  • PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby

City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0806
Country: Norway

Steinar Bakkehoi
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 47-22-023000
Fax: 47-22-230448
Email: sba@ngi.no
Contact Address:

  • Norges Geotekniske Institut
  • PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby

City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0806
Country: Norway

Odd Gregersen
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 47-22-023000
Fax: 47-22-230448
Email: og@ngi.no
Contact Address:

  • Norges Geotekniske Institut
  • PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby

City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0806
Country: Norway

Odd Gregersen
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 47-22-023000
Fax: 47-22-230448
Email: og@ngi.no
Contact Address:

  • Norges Geotekniske Institut
  • PO Box 3930 Ullevaal Hageby

City: Oslo
Postal Code: N-0806
Country: Norway

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Snow Water Equivalent Field Measurements

Reference

Bakkehoi, S. and C. Bandis. 1987. Preliminary analysis of climatic data from the permafrost station at Svea, Spitsbergen. Frost i Jord, no. 26, p. 27-32. Gregersen, O., Phukan, A., Johansen, T. 1983. Engineering properties and foundation design alternatives in marine Svea clay, Svalbard. Permafrost, 5th International Conference. Proceedings, vol. 1, Tapir Publishers, Trondheim, Norway, p. 39-43. Bakkehoi, S. and C. Bandis. 1987. Meteorological conditions' influence on permafrost ground in Sveagruva, Spitsbergen. Permafrost, 4th International Conference. Proceedings, National Academy Press, Washingrton, DC, p. 384-388.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-08-24

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

Back to Top