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Active layer physical processes at Broeggerhalvoya, western Spitsbergen

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Entry ID

GGD239

Summary

These data have been collected from an Arctic desert site (latitude 78o57'29N, longitude 12o27'42E), Broeggerhalvoya in western Spitsbergen, 10 km NW from Ny Alesund, 45 m above sea level, 2 km from the shore. This is a low relief tip of a bedrock peninsula covered with several meters of glacial drift and reworked raised beach ridges. The measurements are obtained in the site of well developed patterned ground, sorted polygons, where the influence of plants, including thermal insulation and transpiration, is negligible. The 1985-1986 period was average. Mean annual air temperature was -6.6 C, 0.4 C colder than the long-term (1975-1990) mean, but well within the mean variability. Mean winter air temperature is relatively warm (mean of coldest month, February, is -14.6 C). Annual precipitation was 17 % greater than the ong-term mean (372 mm); however, the number of rain-on-snow events was less (3) than average (5.5). Overall, the reference period is close to long-term averages.
A program of automated soil temperature recordings was initiated in the summer of 1984, at a patterned ground field site Thermistors were placed approximately 0.1 m apart in an epoxy-filled PVC rod (18 mm outside diameter), buried in the center of a fine-grained domain of a sorted circle, down to 1.14 m below the ground surface. The data presented here covers 7/1/85-7/1/86, once a day (6 am), at two levels (0.0 m, 1.145 m below surface). The resolution of the thermistors is 0.004 C, and the accuracy is estimated to be 0.02 C near 0 C. Missing data accounts for less than 7 %. The gaps are filled with simple average of the beginning and end of the gap values. For a detailed description of the field site and data analysis see Putkonen (1997) and Hallet and Prestrud (1986). These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 78.958°     S: 78.958°     E: 12.462°     W: 12.462°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Title: Active layer physical processes at Broeggerhalvoya, western Spitsbergen
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd239.html

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1985-07-01
Stop Date: 1986-06-30

Location Keywords

  • OCEAN ATLANTIC OCEAN NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN BROEGGERHALVOYA, NEAR NY ALESUND, WESTERN SPITSBERGEN (SVALBARD)

Science Keywords

  • Atmosphere Atmospheric Radiation Solar Radiation
  • Atmosphere Precipitation Snow
  • Atmosphere Precipitation Snow
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature

Ancillary Keywords

  • Meteorology
  • Permafrost Temperature
  • Soil Properties
  • Solar Radiation
  • Thermal Properties

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Jaakko K. Putkonen
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 206 543-0689
Fax: 1 206 543-3836
Email: putkonen@u.washington.edu
Contact Address:

  • University of Washington
  • Geological Sciences
  • Box 531310

City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98195
Country: USA

Bernard Hallet
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • University of Washington
  • Quaternary Research Center
  • MS 351360

City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98195
Country: USA

Reference

Hallet, B. and Prestrud, S. 1986. Dynamics of Periglacial Sorted Circles in Western Spitsbergen. Quaternary Research, Vol. 26, pp. 81-99 Putkonen, J.K. 1997. Climatic Control of the Thermal Regime of Permafrost, Northwest Spitsbergen. Unpublished Doctorate Dissertation, University of Washington, Department of Geological Sciences 7/9/97.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-21

Metadata Views

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International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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