Entry_ID: GGD235
Entry_Title: Permafrost and Gas Hydrates as Possible Sources of Methane, Alaska, USA
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Keith A. Kvenvolden
   Dataset_Title: Permafrost and Gas Hydrates as Possible Sources of Methane, Alaska, USA
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2004-10-11
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd235.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Keith A.
   Last_Name: Kvenvolden
   Email: kk@octopus.wr.usgs.gov
   Phone: 1 415 354-3213 
   Fax: 1 415  354-3191 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: US Geological Survey
      Address: 345 Middlefield Road, MS 999
      City: Menlo Park
      Province_or_State: CA
      Postal_Code: 94025
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Chemistry
   Variable_Level_1: Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds
   Variable_Level_2: Methane
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Gas/Air
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Solid Earth
   Term: Natural Resources
   Variable_Level_1: Gas Hydrates
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Terrestrial Hydrosphere
   Term: Snow/Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Permafrost
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: Chemistry
Keyword: Cryopedology
Keyword: Permafrost Properties
Keyword: Soil Properties
Keyword: Trace gases
Source_Name: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Source_Name: GROUND STATIONS
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 64.75
   Northernmost_Latitude: 64.95
   Westernmost_Longitude: -148
   Easternmost_Longitude: -147.583
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: NORTH AMERICA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: NORTH AMERICA
   Location_Subregion1: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
   Detailed_Location: FAIRBANKS, ALASKA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Collett, T. S., and Williams, R. S. 1991. Methane in 
   permafrost ice near Fairbanks, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 72(17), 
   Supplement, p. 67. (abstract)

     Kvenvolden, K. A., and Collett, T. S. 1991. Permafrost and gas hydrates as 
   sources of methane at high latitudes. International Symposium on Environmental 
   Biogeochemistry, 10th, San Francisco, CA. Abstracts, p. 22.  

   Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1991. Varying amounts of methane in 
   shallow permafrost cores from Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 72(44), 
   Supplement, p. 162. (abstract)  

   Kvenvolden, Collett, T. C and K. A., Lorenson, T. D. 1993. Studies of 
   permafrost and gas hydrates as possible sources of atmospheric methane at high 
   latitudes.  In: Oremland, R.S. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Global Change. NY: 
   Chapman and Hall, p. 487-501.

    Kvenvolden, K. A., Collett, T. S., Lorenson, T. D., and Reeburgh, W. S. 1992. 
   Methane in permafrost: Preliminary studies at the CRREL permafrost tunnel near 
   Fox, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 73(14), Supplement, p. 119. 
   (abstract)  

   Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1993. Methane in permafrost: 
   Preliminary results from coring at Fairbanks, Alaska. Chemosphere, 26, p. 
   609-616.

     Kvenvolden, K. A., and Collett, T. C. 1993. Permafrost and gas hydrates as 
   possible sources of atmospheric methane at high latitudes. U.S. Geological 
   Survey. Circular 1086, p. 92-93.

     Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., and Barber, V. 1994. Methane in the Fox 
   permafrost tunnel near Fairbanks, Alaska. In: Till, A. B., and Moore, T.E. 
   (eds.) 1993 Alaska Accomplishments Bulletin. U.S. Geological Survey. Bulletin 
   2107, p. 31-37.

     Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1995. Review of methane in permafrost 
   near Fairbanks, Alaska. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with 
   Programs, in press. 

    Lorenson, T. D., Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lilley, M. D. 1992. Methane in 
   permafrost: Comparison of frozen and thawed ground. EOS, Transactions of the 
   AGU, 73(43), Supplement, p. 182-183. (abstract)

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This project measured the amount of methane present in shallow permafrost and 
   gas hydrate near Fairbanks, Alaska, to evaluate the role of permafrost and gas 
   hydrate as possible sources of atmospheric methane. Air samples and 10 cm core 
   samples were analyzed by gas chromatography.

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2004-10-11
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2010-03-01
Group: DIF_Revision_History

   Fixed Summary Section. Some of the citations were running together. Fixed per 
   the GCMD.

End_Group