Entry_ID: GGD234
Entry_Title: Sea Ice, Oceanic Water, and Sediments, Arctic Ocean and Beaufort Sea
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Keith A. Kvenvolden and Thomas D. Lorenson
   Dataset_Title: Sea Ice, Oceanic Water, and Sediments, Arctic Ocean and Beaufort Sea
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2003-06-05
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd234.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Keith A.
   Last_Name: Kvenvolden
   Email: kk@octopus.wr.usgs.gov
   Phone: 1 415 354-3213 
   Fax: 1 415  354-3191 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: US Geological Survey
      Address: 345 Middlefield Road, MS 999
      City: Menlo Park
      Province_or_State: CA
      Postal_Code: 94025
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Thomas D.
   Last_Name: Lorenson
   Email: lorenson@octopus.wr.usgs.gov
   Phone: 1 415 354-3094 
   Fax: 1 415  354-3191 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: US Geological Survey
      Address: 345 Middlefield Road, MS 999
      City: Menlo Park
      Province_or_State: CA
      Postal_Code: 94025
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Extent
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Marine Sediments
   Variable_Level_1: Sediment Composition
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Ocean Chemistry
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Ocean Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Extent
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Oceans
Keyword: Freshwater Ice
Keyword: Geophysics
Keyword: Oceanographic Data
Keyword: Ocean Water Chemistry Measurements
Keyword: Ocean Water Temperature Measurements
Keyword: Sea Ice
Source_Name: SHIPS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1990-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1995-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 70
   Northernmost_Latitude: 72.633
   Westernmost_Longitude: -152
   Easternmost_Longitude: -145
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
   Detailed_Location: BEAUFORT SEA,
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion1: BEAUFORT SEA
   Detailed_Location: ARCTIC OCEAN
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: Online (HTTP)
   Distribution_Format: HTML
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Kvenvolden, K. A. 1990. Arctic gas hydrates as a source of methane in global 
   change. International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global 
   Change, 11-15 June 1990, Fairbanks, AK. Abstracts, p. 211. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A. 1991. Review of Arctic gas hydrates as a source of methane 
   in global change. In : Weller, G., Wilson, C. L., and Severin, B. A. B. (eds.) 
   International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global Change, 
   11-15 June 1990, Fairbanks, AK. Proceedings, vol. 2, p. 696-701.

     Kvenvolden, K. A., and Collett, T. S. 1991. Permafrost and gas hydrates as 
   sources of methane at high latitudes. International Symposium on Environmental 
   Biogeochemistry, 10th, San Francisco, CA. Abstracts, p. 22. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Collett, T. S., and Williams, R. S. 1991. Methane in 
   permafrost ice near Fairbanks, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 72(17), 
   Supplement, p. 67. (abstract) 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1991. Varying amounts of methane in 
   shallow permafrost cores from Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 72(44), 
   Supplement, p. 162. (abstract).

     Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., and Collett, T. C. 1991. Arctic shelf 
   gas hydrate as a possible source of methane. Geological Society of America, 
   Abstracts with Programs, 23(5), p. A238. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Collett, T. S., Lorenson, T. D., and Reeburgh, W. S. 1992. 
   Methane in permafrost: Preliminary studies at the CRREL permafrost tunnel near 
   Fox, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 73(14), Supplement, p. 119. 
   (abstract).

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., and Lilley, M. D. 1992. Methane in the 
   Beaufort Sea on the continental shelf of Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 
   73(4), Supplement, p. 309. (abstract). 

   Lorenson, T.D., Kvenvolden, K.A., and Lilley, M.D. 1992. Methane in 
   permafrost: Comparison of frozen and thawed ground. EOS, Transactions of the 
   AGU, 73(43), Supplement, p. 182-183. (abstract). 

   Kvenvolden, K.A., and Collett, T.C. 1993. Permafrost and gas hydrates as 
   possible sources of atmospheric methane at high latitudes. U.S. Geological 
   Survey. Circular 1086, p. 92-93. 

   Kvenvolden, Collett, T.C and K.A., Lorenson, T.D. 1993. Studies of permafrost 
   and gas hydrates as possible sources of atmospheric methane at high latitudes. 
    In: Oremland, R.S. (ed.) Biogeochemistry of Global Change. NY: Chapman and 
   Hall, p. 487-501. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1993. Methane in permafrost: 
   Preliminary results from coring at Fairbanks, Alaska. Chemosphere, 26, p. 
   609-616. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Lilley, M. D., Lorenson, T. D., Barnes, P. W., and 
   McLaughlin, E. 1993. Beaufort Sea continental shelf as a seasonal source of 
   atmospheric methane. Geophysical Research Letters, 20, p. 2459-2462. 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., Barnes, P. W., Lilley, M. D., and Olson, 
   E. J. 1993. Methane in ice-covered continental shelf waters of the Beaufort 
   Sea, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 74(43), Supplement, p. 121. 
   (abstract). 

   Lorenson, T. D., Kvenvolden, K. A., Barnes, P. W., Lilley, M. D., and Olson, 
   E. J. 1993. Methane in coastal sea ice, Beaufort Sea, Alaska. EOS, 
   Transactions of the AGU, 74(43), Supplement, p. 121. (abstract).

   Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., and Barber, V. 1994. Methane in the Fox 
   permafrost tunnel near Fairbanks, Alaska. In: Till, A. B. and T. E. Moore 
   (eds.) 1993. Alaska Accomplishments Bulletin. U.S. Geological Survey. Bulletin 
   2107, p. 31-37.  Kvenvolden, K. A., Lorenson, T. D., Barnes, P. W., Popp, B. 
   N., Sansone, F. J., Rust, T. M., Lilley, M. D., and Olsen, E. J. 1994. 
   Possible sources of methane in seasonal ice of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. EOS, 
   Transactions of the AGU, 75(44), Supplement, p. 77. (abstract). 

   Lorenson, T. D., Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lilley, M. D. 1994. Comparison of 
   methane concentrations in ice-covered and ice-free shelfal waters of the 
   Beaufort Sea, Alaska. EOS, Transactions of the AGU, 75(3), Supplement, p. 93. 
   (abstract) 

   Kvenvolden, K. A., and Lorenson, T. D. 1995. Review of methane in permafrost 
   near Fairbanks, Alaska. Geological Society of America. Abstracts with 
   Programs. Director's approval, in press.   Lorenson, T. D., and Kvenvolden, K. 
   A. 1995. Methane in coastal sea water and sea ice, Beaufort Sea, Alaska. U.S. 
   Geological Survey. Open File Report 95-70, 84 p. 

   Lorenson, T. D., Kvenvolden, K. A., Barnes, P. W., Popp, B. N., Sansone, F. 
   J., Rust, T. M., Lilley, M. D., and Olsen, E.J . 1995 (in press). Isotopic 
   composition of methane in seawater of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. IUGG, 2-15 
   July 1995, Boulder, CO. Program.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This study analyzed sea water, sea-ice, and bottom sediments to depths of 90 m 
   in the Arctic Ocean and Beaufort Sea. Measurements were taken between 1990 and 
   1995. These data are available as U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Reports

End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2003-06-05
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-22
DIF_Revision_History: added dist. media & format per documentation