Entry_ID: GGD221
Entry_Title: University of Wisconsin Antarctic Soils Database
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Bockheim, J.
   Dataset_Title: University of Wisconsin Antarctic Soils Database
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2003-01-01
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd221.html
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: James G.
   Last_Name: Bockheim
   Email: bockheim@facstaff.wisc.edu
   Phone: 1 608 263-5903 
   Fax: 1 608  265-2595 
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: University of Wisconsin
      Address: Soil Science Department
      Address: 1525 Observatory Drive
      City: Madison
      Province_or_State: WI
      Postal_Code: 53706-1299
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Frozen Ground
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Chemistry
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Classification
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Color
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Consistence
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Depth
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Heat Budget
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Horizons/Profile
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Moisture/Water Content
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil pH
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Salinity/Soil Sodicity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Structure
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Land Surface
   Term: Soils
   Variable_Level_1: Soil Texture
End_Group
Keyword: Cryopedology
Keyword: Geocryology
Keyword: Laboratory investigation
Keyword: Soil Properties
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1975-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1987-12-31
End_Group
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: -78
   Northernmost_Latitude: -77.2
   Westernmost_Longitude: 160
   Easternmost_Longitude: 164
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ANTARCTICA
   Detailed_Location: ANTARCTICA, ELLSWORTH AND TRANS-ANTARCTIC MOUNTAINS
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: FGDC > Frozen Ground Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: FGDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and 
   Water Pollution Control Federation. 1975. Standard methods for the examination 
   of water and wastewater. 14th edition.

   Bao, H., D.A. Campbell, J.G. Bockheim, and M.H. Thiemens. 2000. Origin of 
   sulphate in Antarctic dry-valley soils as deduced from anomalous 17O 
   compositions. Nature 207:499-502.

   Beyer, L.N., J.G. Bockheim, I.B. Campbell, and G.G.C. Claridge. 1999. Review, 
   genesis, properties, and sensitivity of Antarctic Gelisols. Antarctic Science 
   11(4):387-398.  Birkeland, P.W. 1984. Soils and geomorphology. New York: 
   Oxford University Press.

   Blume, H.-P., L. Beyer, I. Campbell, G. Claridge, J. Bockheim, S. Goryachkin, 
   N. Karavayaeva, V. Targulian, and C. Tarnocai. 1998. Soil zonation in the 
   Arctic and Antarctic similarities and distinctions. International Soil Science 
   Society, Montpellier, France.

   Bockheim, J.G. 2002. Landform and soil development in the McMurdo Dry Valleys: 
   a regional synthesis. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 34:308-317.

   Bockheim, J.G. 1990. Soil development rates in the Transantarctic Mountains. 
   Geoderma 47:59-77.

   Buntley, G.J., and F.C. Westin. 1965. A comparative study of developmental 
   color in a Chestnut-Chernozem-Brunizem soil climosequence. Soil Science 
   Society of America Proceedings 29:579-582.

   Campbell, I.B., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1975. Morphology and age relationships of 
   Antarctic soils, pp. 83-88. In R.P. Suggate and M.M. Cresswell (eds.), 
   Quaternary Studies. Wellington: Royal Society of New Zealand.  Campbell, I.B., 
   G.G.C. Claridge, D.I. Campbell, and M.R. Balks. 1998. The soil environment, 
   Vol. 72, pp. 297-322. In Priscu, J.C. (ed.), Ecosystem dynamics in a polar 
   desert; the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Washington, D.C: American 
   Geophysical Union, Antarctic Research Services.

    Day, P.R. 1965. Particle fraction and particle-size analysis, pp. 545-566. In 
   C.A. Black et al. (eds.), Methods of soil analysis, Part 1. Agronomy No. 9. 
   Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy.

   Denton, G.H., J.G. Bockheim, R.H. Rutford, and B.G. Andersen. 1992. Glacial 
   history of the Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica. In Geology and 
   paleontology of the Ellsworth Mountains, West Antarctica, edited by G.F. 
   Webers, C. Craddock, and J.F. Splettstoesser. Geological Society of America 
   Memoir 170.

   Denton, G.H., J.G. Bockheim, S.C. Wilson, J.E. Leide, and B.G. Andersen. 1989. 
   Late Quaternary ice-surface fluctuations Beardmore Glacier, Transantarctic 
   Mountains. Quaternary Research 31:183-209.

   Denton, G.H., J.G. Bockheim, S.C. Wilson, and M. Stuiver. 1989. Late Wisconsin 
   and early Holocene glacial history, inner Ross Embayment, Antarctica. 
   Quaternary Research 31:151-182.

   Denton, G.H., J.G. Bockheim, S.C. Wilson, and C. Schluchter. 1986. Late 
   Cenozoic history of Rennick Glacier and Talos Dome, northern Victoria Land, 
   Antarctica. In Geological investigations of Northern Victoria Land, edited by 
   E. Stump. American Geophysical Union, Antarctic Research Services 46:339-375.  
   Hall, B.L., G.H. Denton, D.R. Lux, and J.G. Bockheim. 1993. Late Tertiary 
   antarctic paleoclimate and ice-sheet dynamics inferred from surficial deposits 
   in Wright Valley. Geografiska Annaler 75A(4):238-267.

   Jackson, M.L., publisher. 1973. Soil mineral weathering: advanced course. 
   Madison, WI: Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin.

   Linkletter, G.O., J.G. Bockheim, and F.C. Ugolini. 1973. Soils and glacial 
   deposits in the Beacon Valley, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zealand 
   Journal of Geology and Geophysics 16(2):90-108.

   Marchant, D.R., G.H. Denton, J.G. Bockheim, S.C. Wilson, and A.R. Kerr. 1994. 
   Quaternary changes in level of the upper Taylor Glacier, Antarctica: 
   implications for paleoclimate and East Antarctic ice sheet dynamics. Boreas 
   23(1):29-43.

   Mehra, O.P, and M.L. Jackson. 1960. Iron oxide removal from soils and clays by 
   a dithionite-citrate systems buffered with sodium bicarbonate. Clays and Clay 
   Minerals 7:317-327.

   Pastor, J. and J.G. Bockheim. 1980. Soil development on moraines of Taylor 
   Glacier, lower Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Soil Science Society of America 
   Journal 44:341-348.

   Prentice, M.L., S.C. Wilson, J.G. Bockheim, and G.H. Denton. 1985. Geologic 
   evidence for pre-late Quaternary east Antarctic glaciation of central and 
   eastern Wright Valley. Antarctic Journal of the U.S. 19(5):61-62.

   Prentice, M.L., G.H. Denton, J.G. Bockheim, S.C. Wilson, L.H. Burckle, D.A. 
   Hodell, and D.E. Kellogg. 1993. Late Neogene glacial history: evidence from 
   central Wright Valley. In The Antarctic paleoenvironment:  a perspective on 
   global change, edited by J. Kennett and D. Warnke. American Geophysical Union, 
   Antarctic Research Services 60:207-250.  Retallack, G.J., E.S. Krull, and J.G. 
   Bockheim. 2002. New grounds for reassessing paleoclimate of the Sirius Group, 
   Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society (London) 158:925-933.

   Soil Survey Staff. 1998. Keys to soil taxonomy. 8th edition. Washington, D.C: 
   U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

   Soil Survey Division Staff. 1993. Soil survey manual. Washington, D.C.: U.S. 
   Department of Agriculture, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Handbook No. 18.

   Ugolini, F.C., J.G. Bockheim, and D.M. Anderson. 1973. Soil development and 
   patterned ground evolution in Beacon Valley, Antarctica, pp. 246-254. In North 
   American Contribution, Permafrost, Second International Conference, 13-28 
   July, 1973. Yakutsk, U.S.S.R., National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.

   U.S. Salinity Laboratory Staff. 1954. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and 
   alkali soils. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural 
   Handbook No. 60.

   Washburn, A.L. 1956. Classification of patterned ground and review of 
   suggested origins. Geological Society of America Bulletin 67:824-865.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The University of Wisconsin Antarctic Soils Database contains data collected 
   by Dr. James G. Bockheim and his colleagues from 1975 through 1987. Data 
   include site information, air and soil temperature measurements, soil profile 
   features, and surface boulder weathering features for 482 sites in the McMurdo 
   Sound area of Antarctica. Soil profile descriptions are provided for soils 
   inside the McMurdo Dry Valleys from 23 December 1975 to 22 December 1987, and 
   outside the Dry Valleys from 13 November 1978 to 04 January 1986. Chemical and 
   physical properties of soils at 214 sites are also provided. The study area is 
   confined to 77 deg 7.5 min S to 78 deg S, 160 deg E to 164 deg E. Data are in 
   tab-delimited ASCII text format, and are available via ftp.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd25.html
   Description: New Zealand Antarctic Soils Database
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2003-01-01
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2012-08-28
DIF_Revision_History: Added an archiving data center.