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Greenland Snow Pit and Core Stratigraphy (Analog and Digital Formats)

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Entry ID

G10004

Summary

This data set is comprised of scientific field study notebooks from geologist Carl S. Benson describing his traverses of Greenland from 1952 to 1955. The notebooks contain data on Greenland snow accumulation, snow temperature, stratigrapy, ice sheet facies, and snow densification. Dr. Benson's notebooks also include a supplementary 1956 snow accumulation study done by the U.S. Air Force. The notebooks have been scanned and put into PDF format. In addition, a compendium of Greenland snow accumulation data, compiled by Dr. Benson in 1986, is included that spans 1911 to 1981. It is in ASCII text format.

During a four-year period from 1952 through 1955, Carl Benson, along with many other individuals and several other organizations, dug and studied 146 snow pits and made 288 supplementary snow hardness profiles with a ramsonde instrument along a 1100 mile traverse in Northwest Greenland (Benson 1962). For each exposed pit, temperature, density, ram hardness, and grain size were measured. The data in the notebooks include a listing of all pit locations, a summary matrix of data collected at each station; accumulation data adjusted for Fall 1954 and Fall 1955 reference horizons; average accumulation for all stations; integrated ram hardness (snow density); descriptive stratigraphy, pit profile temperature and density; and pit and core temperature, density, ram hardness, and stratigraphy for each location. Benson's notebooks for 1952 through 1954 were scanned at NSIDC and are available via FTP. As of January 2013, the 1955 notebooks are still in the process of being digitized. The physical notebooks are available for use on-site at NSIDC by appointment.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 78°     S: 69°     E: -38°     W: -69°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Benson, C. S.
Dataset Title: Greenland Snow Pit and Core Stratigraphy (Analog and Digital Formats)
Dataset Release Date: 2013-01-30
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g10004.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5RN35SK

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1911-01-01
Stop Date: 1981-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA GREENLAND
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION ARCTIC
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Glacier Thickness/Ice Sheet Thickness
  • Cryosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Ice Sheets
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Density
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Facies
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow/Ice Temperature
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Snow Stratigraphy
  • Paleoclimate Ice Core Records
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Glacier Thickness/Ice Sheet Thickness
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Glaciers/Ice Sheets Ice Sheets
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Density
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Depth
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Facies
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow/Ice Temperature
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Snow Stratigraphy

Ancillary Keywords

  • Haefeli Rammsonde Penetrometer
  • Ice Sheet Facies
  • Snow Accumulation
  • SNOW CORES
  • Snow Densification
  • Snow Stratigraphy
  • Traverses
  • Weston Bimetallic Thermometer

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS

Instrument

  • CAMERAS
  • PENETROMETERS
  • THERMOMETERS

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

NSIDC Roger G. Barry Archives and Resource Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/rocs/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC ARC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center CIRES, 449 UCB University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 2.8 GB
Distribution Format: PDF

Distribution Media: Paper
Distribution Format: Paper

Distribution Media: Microfiche

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 70 KB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

C. S. Benson
Role: INVESTIGATOR

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Reference

Benson, C.S. 1962. Stratigraphic Studies in the Snow and Firn of the Greenland Ice Sheet, CRREL Research Report 70.

DeQuervain, A. and P. L. Mercanton. 1925. Resultats Scientifiques de l'Expedition Suisse au Groenland 1912- 1913, Meddelelser Om Gronland, Bd. 59, Nr. 5, p. 55-271.

Hendrickson, K.N. 1955. "Mapping Program", in, Project Mint Julep Part I: Introduction, Narrative, and General Reports, Research Studies Institute, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Arctic Desert Tropic Information Center Publication A-104, p. 43-46.

LaChapelle, E. 1955. "Ablation Studies in the Mint Julep Area, Southwest Greenland", in, Project Mint Julep Part II, Special Scientific Reports, Research Studies Institute, Air University, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Arctic Desert Tropic Information Center Publication A-104b, p.51-72.

Schuster, R.L., 1954. Project Mint Julep Part III Snow Studies, CRREL Research Report 19.

Koch, J.P. and A. Wegener. 1930. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Danischen Expedition nach Dronning Louise Land und quer uber das Inlandeis von Nordgronland (1912- 13 unter Leitung von Hauptmann J.P. Koch), Meddelelser Om Gronland, Bd. 75.

Langway, C.C. Jr. 1961. Accumulation and Temperature on the Inland Ice of North Greenland, Journal of Glaciology Vol. 3, No. 30, p. 1017-1044.

Malzer, H. 1964 Das Nivellment uber das Gronlandische Inlandeis der Internationalen Glaziologischen Gronland Expedition, EGIG 1957-1960 Vol. 3, No. 1, Kobenhavn.

Hoffmann, W. 1964. Die Geodatische Lagemessung uber das Gronlandische Inlandeis der Internationalen Glaziologischen Gronland Expedition, EGIG 1957-1960 Vol. 2, No. 4, Kobenhavn.

Mock, S. J. 1965. Glaciological Studies in the Vicinity of Camp Century Greenland, CRREL Research Report 157.

Rinker, J. N. and S. J. Mock. 1967. Radar Ice Thickness Profiles; Northwest Greenland, CRREL Special Report 103.

Mock, S. J. and Alford. 1964. Installation of Ice Movement Poles in Greenland, CRREL Special Report 67.

Mock, S. J. and R. H. Ragle. 1963. Elevations on the Ice Sheet of Southern Greenland, CRREL Technical Report 124.

Ragle, R. H. and T. C. Davis. 1962. South Greenland Traverses, Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 4, p. 129-131.

Patterson, W. S. B. 1955. Altitudes on the Inland Ice in North Greenland, Meddelelser Om Gronland, Bd. 137, Nr. 1.

Bull, C. 1956. "Part IV. Seismic Investigations on the Northern Part of the Greenland Ice Sheet" , in, British North Greenland Expedition 1952-1954: Scientific Results, Geographical Journal, Vol. 122, p. 219-225.

Lister, H. 1961. "Accumulation and Firnification in north Greenland", in Physical Geography of Greenland, XIX International Geographical Congress, Norden, 1960, B. Fristrup editor, Folia Geographica Danica, Tm. 9.

U.S. Army Transportation Board. 1960. Report of Environmental Operation: Lead Dog 1960, Final Report Project Lead Dog, TCB-60-023-EO.

Merlivat, L., et al. 1973. Tritium and Deuterium Content of the Snow in Greenland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 19, p. 235-240.

Clausen, H. B., et al. 1980. Snow Accumulation Data for Several Points in Southern Greenland, personal communication to Dr. C.S. Benson.

Koide, M., et al. 1977. Transuranic Depositional History in South Greenland Firn Layers, Nature, Vol. 269, p. 137 -139.

Hammer, C. U., et al. 1978. Dating of Greenland Ice Cores by Flow Models, Isotopes, Volcanic Debris, and Continental Dust, Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 20, No. 82 p. 3-26.

Ambach, W. and W. Dansgaard. 1970. Fallout and Climate Studies on Firn Cores from Carrefour, Greenland, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 8, p. 311-316.

MacKinnon, P. K. 1980. Ice Cores. Glaciological Data Report GD-8, World Data Center A for Glaciology, Boulder Colorado.

Federer, B. 1969. Nivologische Arbeiten der Internationalen Glaziologischen Gronland Expedition EGIG 1968, Interner Bericht NR 491, Eidgenossishes Institut fur Schnee und Lowinenforschung, Weissfluhjoch, Davos.

Sorge, E. 1933. The Scientific Results of the Wegener Expedition to Greenland, Geographic Journal, Vol. 81, p. 333-344.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2013-01-30
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-01-30

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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