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NOAA/NSIDC Climate Data Record of Passive Microwave Sea Ice Concentration

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Entry ID

G02202

Summary

This data set provides a Climate Data Record (CDR) of sea ice concentration from passive microwave data. It provides a consistent, daily and monthly time series of sea ice concentrations from 09 July 1987 through through most recent processing for both the north and south polar regions on a 25 km x 25 km grid.

The NOAA/NSIDC CDR is based on the recommendations from the National Research Council (NRC) (2004). It is produced from gridded brightness temperatures from the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) series of Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) passive microwave radiometers: F-8, F-11, and F-13.

The NOAA/NSIDC CDR sea ice concentrations are an estimate of the fraction of ocean area covered by sea ice that is produced by combining concentration estimates created using two algorithms developed at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC): the NASA Team algorithm (Cavalieri et al., 1984) and the Bootstrap algorithm (Comiso, 1986). NSIDC applies the individual algorithms to brightness temperature data from Remote Sensing Systems, Inc. (RSS).

The data are gridded on the NSIDC polar stereographic grid with 25 x 25 km grid cells and are available in netCDF file format. Each file includes four different sea ice concentration variables: a variable with the primary CDR sea ice concentrations created by NSIDC and three variables with sea ice concentrations created by Goddard.

The three Goddard-produced sea ice concentrations are the Goddard NASA Team algorithm sea ice concentrations, the Goddard Bootstrap sea ice concentrations, and a merged version of the two sea ice concentrations. These Goddard-produced sea ice concentrations are included in the data files for a number of reasons. First, the merged Goddard NASA Team/Bootstrap sea ice concentrations are an ancillary data set that is analogous to the NOAA/NSIDC CDR data but that adds late 1978 through mid 1987 data to the record. A different instrument, the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR), was the source for the brightness temperatures from this period. Sea ice concentrations from the extended period are not part of the primary NSIDC-produced CDR record because complete documentation of the SMMR brightness temperature processing method is not available. Second, the separate Goddard NASA Team and Bootstrap sea ice concentrations are provided for reference.

Variables containing standard deviation, quality flags, and projection information are also included in the netCDF files.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: -39.36°     S: -89.84°     E: 180°     W: -180°    
N: 89.84°     S: 31.1°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Meier, W., F. Fetterer, M. Savoie, S. Mallory, R. Duerr, and J. Stroeve.
Dataset Title: NOAA/NSIDC Climate Data Record of Passive Microwave Sea Ice Concentration
Dataset Release Date: 2013-06-20
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 2
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02202.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N55M63M1

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1978-10-26
Stop Date: 2007-12-31

Data Resolution

Latitude Resolution: 25 km
Longitude Resolution: 25 km

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION ARCTIC
  • GEOGRAPHIC REGION POLAR

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Sea Ice Concentration
  • Oceans Sea Ice Sea Ice Concentration

Ancillary Keywords

  • Antarctic
  • Arctic
  • Gridded Data
  • Multiyear Sea Ice Concentration
  • Passive Microwave
  • Passive Microwave Data
  • Passive Microwave Sea Ice Data
  • Polar Stereographic
  • Sea Ice Concentration
  • Total Sea Ice Concentration

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Platform

  • DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
  • DMSP 5D-2/F11 Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-F11
  • DMSP 5D-2/F13 Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-F13
  • DMSP 5D-2/F8 Defense Meteorological Satellite Program-F8
  • NIMBUS-7

Instrument

  • SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer
  • SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 1.8 - 3.5 MB
Distribution Format: NetCDF

Personnel

Walt Meier
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: walter.n.meier@nasa.gov
Contact Address:

  • NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA

F. Fetterer
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: fetterer@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • CIRES
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • 449 UCB

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309
Country: USA

Ruth Duerr
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 303 735-0136 x
Email: rduerr@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, CU Boulder
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • 449 University of Colorado at Boulder

City: Boulder
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80027
Country: USA

Julienne Stroeve
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: stroeve@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • CIRES
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309

Matthew Savoie
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: savoie@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Sean Mallory
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: sean.mallory@nsidc.com
Contact Address:

  • CIRES
  • NSIDC

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Multi-sensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent (MASIE)

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Multisensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent - Northern Hemisphere (MASIE-NH)

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Sea Ice Index

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Bootstrap Sea Ice Concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
DMSP SSM/I-SSMIS Daily Polar Gridded Brightness Temperatures

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Sea Ice Concentrations from Nimbus-7 SMMR and DMSP SSM/I Passive Microwave Data

Reference

Andersen, S., R. Tonboe, L. Kaleschke, G. Heygster, and L. T. Pedersen. 2007. Intercomparison of Passive Microwave Sea Ice Concentration Retrievals over the High-Concentration Arctic Sea Ice. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C08004, doi:10.1029/2006JC003543.

Belchansky, G. I., and D. C. Douglas. 2002. Seasonal Comparisons of Sea Ice Concentration Estimates Derived from SSM/I, OKEAN, and RADARSAT Data. Rem. Sens. Environ., 81: 67-81.

Carsey, F. D. (Ed.). 1992. Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice. American Geophysical Union, 462 pp. Cavalieri, D. J., C. L. Parkinson. Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice Concentrations from Multichannel Passive-Microwave Satellite Data Sets: October 1978 - September 1995 - User's Guide. NASA Technical Memorandum 104647. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland.

Cavalieri, D. J., P. Gloersen, and W. J. Campbell. 1984. Determination of Sea Ice Parameters with the NIMBUS-7 SMMR. J. Geophys. Res., 89(D4): 5355-5369.

Comiso, J. C., and F. Nishio. 2008. Trends in the Sea Ice Cover Using Enhanced and Compatible AMSR-E, SSM/I, and SMMR Data. J. of Geophys. Res., 113, C02S07, doi:10.1029/2007JC0043257.

Comiso, J. C., D. Cavalieri, C. Parkinson, and P. Gloersen. 1997. Passive Microwave Algorithms for Sea Ice Concentrations: A Comparison of Two Techniques. Rem. Sens. of the Environ., 60(3):357-384.

Comiso, J. C. 1986. Characteristics of Arctic Winter Sea Ice from Satellite Multispectral Microwave Observations. J. Geophys. Res., 91(C1): 975-994.

Eaton B., J. Gregory, H. Centre, B. Drach, K. Taylor, and S. Hankin. 2010. NetCDF Climate and Forecast (CF) Metadata Conventions Version 1.5. Programs for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison. 81 pp. http://cf-pcmdi.llnl.gov/documents/cf-conventions/1.5/cf-conventions.pdf. Accessed Sep. 2011.

Fetterer, F., and N. Untersteiner. 1998. Observations of Melt Ponds on Arctic Sea Ice. J. Geophys. Res., 103(C11): 24, 821-24, 835. Gloersen, P., W. J. Campbell, D. J. Cavalieri, J. C. Comiso, C. L. Parkinson, and H. J. Zwally. 1993. Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice, 1978-1987: Satellite Passive-Microwave Observations and Analysis. NASA Spec. Publ. 511, 290 pp. Kwok, R. 2002. Sea Ice Concentration Estimates from Satellite Passive Microwave Radiometry and Openings from SAR Ice Motion. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(9), 1311, doi:10.1029/2002GL014787.

Meier, W. N., M. Savoie, and S. Mallory. 2011a. CDR Climate Algorithm and Theoretical Basis Document: Passive Microwave Sea Ice Concentration. NOAA NCDC CDR Program.

Meier, W. N., and S. J. S. Khalsa. 2011b. Intersensor Calibration between F-13 SSM/I and F-17 SSMIS Near-Real-Time Sea Ice Estimates. Geoscience and Remote Sensing 49(9): 3343-3349.

Meier, W. N. 2005. Comparison of Passive Microwave Ice Concentration Algorithm Retrievals with AVHRR Imagery in Arctic Peripheral Seas. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 43(6): 1324-1337.

Partington, K., T. Flynn, D. Lamb, C. Bertoia, and K. Dedrick. 2003. Late Twentieth Century Northern Hemisphere Sea-Ice Record from U.S. National Ice Center Ice Charts. J. Geophys. Res. 108(C11): 3343. doi:10.1029/2002JC001623.

Steffen, K., J. Key, D. J. Cavalieri, J. Comiso, P. Gloersen, K. St. Germain, and I. Rubinstein. 1992. The Estimation of Geophysical Parameters using Passive Microwave Algorithms, in 'Microwave Remote Sensing of Sea Ice.' F.D. Carsey, ed., American Geophysical Union Monograph 68, Washington, DC:201-231.

National Research Council of the National Academies. 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C., 150 pp.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2013-06-20
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-10-31

Metadata Views

DIF Text-Only

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in plain text

DIF XML

Directory Interchange Format (DIF) in Extensible Markup Language (XML)

FGDC HTML

U.S. Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM)

ISO HTML

International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 19115:2003 Geographic Information Metadata

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