Entry_ID: G02196
Entry_Title: Arctic Marine Transportation Program 1979-1986
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Richard Voelker
   Dataset_Title: Arctic Marine Transportation Program 1979-1986
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2010-07-25
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02196.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5V40S44
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Richard
   Middle_Name: P.
   Last_Name: Voelker
   Email: richard.voelker@marad.dot.gov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: US Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Technical Contact
   First_Name: NSIDC
   Last_Name: User Services
   Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
   Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
   Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
      Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
      Address: University of Colorado
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309-0449
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Depth/Thickness
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Types
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Salinity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Cryosphere
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Sea Ice Concentration
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Depth/Thickness
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Floes
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Ice Types
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Salinity
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Oceans
   Term: Sea Ice
   Variable_Level_1: Sea Ice Concentration
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Oceans
ISO_Topic_Category: Transportation
Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Keyword: Ice Breaker
Keyword: ICE BREAKERS
Keyword: Ocean
Keyword: Ocean Water Salinity
Source_Name: POLAR > POLAR
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1979-01-01
   Stop_Date: 1986-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 54
   Northernmost_Latitude: 90
   Westernmost_Longitude: -180
   Easternmost_Longitude: 180
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion1: BEAUFORT SEA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: ARCTIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion1: CHUKCHI SEA
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: OCEAN
   Location_Type: PACIFIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion1: NORTH PACIFIC OCEAN
   Location_Subregion2: BERING SEA
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 362 MB
   Distribution_Format: PDF
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Size: 656 KB
   Distribution_Format: Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG) (.jpg)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Brigham, Lawson, and Ellis, Ben.  Arctic Marine Transport Workshop, held at 
   Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge University, 28-20 September 2004, 
   Cambridge, UK.  Retrieved June 21, 2010 at 
   http://www.arctic.gov/publications/arctic_marine_transport.pdf.

   Garret, R., Rinehart, V., & Voelker, R. Conclusions from the First Marine 
   Transit to Point Barrow in Winter 1981 (by USCGC Polar Sea) Offshore 
   Technology Conference, 3-6 May 1982, Houston, Texas.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   The purpose of this program was to collect data relevant to developing 
   year-round transportation capabilities in the Arctic Ocean. The US Maritime 
   Administration sponsored this multi-year program to define environmental 
   conditions in the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas; to obtain data to 
   improve design criteria for ice-worthy ships and offshore structures; and to 
   demonstrate the operational feasibility of commercial icebreaking ships along 
   possible future Arctic marine routes. The research was performed using the US 
   Coast Guard Polar Star and Polar Sea ice-class ships, which were at the time 
   the world's most powerful non-nuclear icebreakers and the only US ships 
   capable of mid-winter Arctic operations.

   The items in this data set are PDFs of Arctic Marine Transportation reports 
   with embedded data, along with a PDF of the Achievement Record Brochure 
   (Achievement_Record_1979_1984_Brochure.pdf), and JPEG images providing a 
   historical context of the program. The 15 JPEG images and a PDF of 
   accompanying captions (G02196_images_captions.pdf) are located in the images 
   directory. 

   The PDF reports, an Executive Summary 
   (Executive_Summary_Arctic_Marine_Transportation_Program.pdf), and the Appendix 
   to the Executive Summary 
   (Executive_Summary_Arctic_Marine_Transportation_Program_Appendix_A_List_of_Reports.pdf) 
   are located in the Arctic_Marine_Transportation_Reports directory. Note that 
   page 33 of the Executive Summary is missing. The Appendix to the Executive 
   Summary contains an index of reports included in this data set. This index 
   lists 64 reports; however, out of these 64, the following reports were never 
   included and their location is unknown: 1, 4, 36, 37, 60, 61, and 62. Also 
   note that reports 35 and 44 come in two parts.

   The data cover the years 1979 to 1986 and were collected from ships in the 
   Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort Seas. Data are available via FTP.

   This data is being provided as is. NOAA@NSIDC believes these data to be of 
   value, but is unable to provide documentation. If you have information about 
   this data set that others would find useful, please contact 
   NSIDC User Services.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://www.arctic.gov/publications/arctic_marine_transport.pdf
   Description: Arctic Marine
Transport Workshop
28-30 September 2004 Summary
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://www.arctic.gov/publications/arctic_marine_transport.pdf
   Description: Arctic MarineTransport Workshop28-30 September 2004 Summary
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-3584.1984.tb01826.x
   Description: Arctic Trafficability Program: A Review
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-3584.1984.tb01826.x
   Group: Description

      Voelker, Richard 1984. Arctic Trafficability Program - A Review. Naval 
      Engineers Journal 96(3)

   End_Group
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2010-07-25
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-03-12
DIF_Revision_History:  Added DOI to metadata record