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IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory

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Entry ID

G02190

Summary

During the planning and implementation of the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007 - 2009, the International Permafrost Association (IPA) coordinated the acquisition of permafrost temperature data under the Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Project #50. The TSP project goals included the acquisition of standardized temperature measurements (snapshots) from all permafrost regions on Earth, preparation of a global data set, and development of maps of contemporary permafrost temperatures. As a result of the project, networks of boreholes, equipped for long-term permafrost temperature observations, were established and consist of approximately 860 boreholes in both hemispheres with more than 25 participating countries. Approximately 350 of the boreholes were drilled and instrumented during the IPY period under various nationally funded projects. Comparison of the current Mean Annual Ground Temperature (MAGT) and historical data allows participating countries and other users to assess the thermal state of permafrost dynamics over the last several decades. The TSP project also included active layer measurements, many of which are observed annually under the Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) project. Future plans are for these networks to become part of an international network of permafrost observatories with data available for monitoring and multidisciplinary research in both polar and non-polar permafrost regions.

This data set consists of an inventory of these boreholes in two Excel spreadsheets — one by country (TSP_Borehole_inventory_countries.xls) and one as a composite (TSP_borehole_inventory_composite.xls) for ease in searching. The spreadsheets include the geographic coordinates of the boreholes, elevation, depth of borehole (BH), year drilled, the MAGT, permafrost (PF) thickness, country, responsible person, affiliation, and sponsors. A summary of the number and type of boreholes by country is provided in a PDF document (N_and_S_hemisphere_borehole_summary.pdf), and a high-resolution JPEG image of the borehole locations (TSP_BoreHoles_location_map_highres.jpg) is also included. The inventory lists boreholes in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres with 790 of the boreholes located in the Northern Hemisphere. The inventory primarily concentrates on measurements from new and existing boreholes from 2007 to 2009. For historical purposes, some boreholes active since the 1980s are included. Boreholes are classified as four different types: surface (SU) <10 m, shallow (SH) 10-25 m, intermediate (IB) 25-125 m, and deep (DB) >125 m according to the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P) classification. For Antarctica, the surface boreholes are split into two subclasses: <SU (<2 m) and SU (2-10 m). The TSP is a field component of the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (www.gtnp.org).

Data from over 500 of these boreholes are presented and discussed in a series of papers in the special IPY - TSP issue of Permafrost and Periglacial Processes (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ppp.v21:2/issuetoc) that include five regional papers and one synthesis paper. The Data Contributors of this data set were senior authors of these papers. All other data contributors are listed under Personnel in the metadata record (http://nsidc.org/cgi-bin/get_metadata.pl?id=g02190) for this data set.

The TSP Snapshot Inventory was compiled and edited from individual sources by Alexander Kholodov, Permafrost Laboratory, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks, and Jerry Brown, President (2003-2008), International Permafrost Association.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: -33°     S: -78°     E: 180°     W: -180°    
N: 82.5°     S: 31°     E: 180°     W: -180°    

Multimedia Sample


Borehole Location Map


Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: International Permafrost Association (IPA)
Dataset Title: IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory
Dataset Release Date: 2010-08-13
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02190.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N57D2S25

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 2007-01-01
Stop Date: 2009-12-31

Location Keywords

  • CONTINENT ANTARCTICA
  • CONTINENT ASIA EASTERN ASIA CHINA
  • CONTINENT ASIA EASTERN ASIA JAPAN
  • CONTINENT ASIA EASTERN ASIA MONGOLIA
  • CONTINENT ASIA SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA KAZAKHSTAN
  • CONTINENT EUROPE EASTERN EUROPE RUSSIA
  • CONTINENT EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE ICELAND
  • CONTINENT EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE SCANDANAVIA FINLAND
  • CONTINENT EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE SCANDANAVIA NORWAY
  • CONTINENT EUROPE NORTHERN EUROPE SCANDANAVIA SWEDEN
  • CONTINENT EUROPE SOUTHERN EUROPE ITALY
  • CONTINENT EUROPE SOUTHERN EUROPE SPAIN
  • CONTINENT EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE AUSTRIA
  • CONTINENT EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE GERMANY
  • CONTINENT EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE SWITZERLAND
  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA CANADA
  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA GREENLAND
  • CONTINENT NORTH AMERICA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
  • CONTINENT SOUTH AMERICA ARGENTINA

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Cryosphere Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Active Layer
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Permafrost
  • Land Surface Frozen Ground Soil Temperature
  • Land Surface Soils Permafrost
  • Land Surface Soils Soil Temperature

Ancillary Keywords

  • Active Layer Thickness
  • Boreholes
  • Borehole Temperatures
  • Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM)
  • International Permafrost Association
  • IPA > INTERNATIONAL PERMAFROST ASSOCIATION
  • Mean Annual Ground Temperature (MAGT)
  • Permafrost
  • Permafrost borehole temperatures
  • Permafrost temperature
  • Thermal State of Permafrost

ISO Topic Category (View Definitions)

  • Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere

Project

  • IPY INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR
  • TSP The Thermal State of Permafrost

Use Constraints

Polar Information Commons CC0
To the extent possible under law, International Permafrost Association Standing Committee on Data Information and Communication has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to IPA-IPY Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) Snapshot Borehole Inventory, Version 1.0. International Permafrost Association Standing Committee on Data Information and Communication expects that users will follow the Polar Information Commons Ethics and Norms of Data Sharing. This work is published from United States.

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Frozen Ground Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel

Name: FGDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 500 KB
Distribution Format: Microsoft Excel

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 80 KB
Distribution Format: PDF

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 1 MB
Distribution Format: Joint Photographic Expert Group (JPEG) (.jpg)

Personnel

NSIDC User Services
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Sergey Alexeev
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: salex@crust.irk.ru
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Institute of Environmental Geoscience

City: Moscow
Country: Russia

Michel Allard
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Phone: 1 418 656-3340
Fax: 1 418 656-2978
Email: michel.allard@cen.ulaval.ca
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  • Universite Laval
  • Centre d'Etudes Nordiques
  • Pavillon Abitibi-Price, local 1230

City: Sainte Foy
Province or State: Quebec
Postal Code: G1K 7P4
Country: Canada

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Email: asiaq@asiaq.gl
Contact Address:

  • Asiaq, Greenland

Country: Greenland

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Country: New Zealand

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Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Contact Address:

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Email: akholodov@gi.alaska.edu
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  • Geophysical Institute

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Province or State: AK
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Steve V. Kokelj
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: kokeljsv@inac.gc.ca
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Email: peter.kuhry@natgeo.su.se
Contact Address:

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Email: christophe.lambiel@unil.ch
Contact Address:

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City: Lausanne
Postal Code: CH-1015
Country: Switzerland

Antoni Lewkowicz
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: alewkowi@uottawa.ca
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  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Earth Cryosphere Institute
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Country: Russia

Sergei Marchenko
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: ssmarchenko@alaska.edu
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  • University of Alaska
  • Geophysical Institute

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Email: matsuoka@geoenv.tsukuba.ac.jp
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  • Laboratory of Geocryological Prediction and Informatics of Earth Cryosphere Inst
  • Vavilova St. 30/6

City: Moscow
Postal Code: 1GSP-1, 11
Country: Russia

Jeannette Noetzli
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: jeannette.noetzli@geo.uzh.ch
Contact Address:

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Country: Switzerland

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Email: oberman@mireko.komisc.ru
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  • Geophysical Institute

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Postal Code: 99775-7320
Country: USA

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Email: Paul.Overduin@awi.de
Contact Address:

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Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 41 81 417 0218
Fax: 41 81 417 0110
Email: phillips@slf.ch
Contact Address:

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  • Flüelastrasse 11

City: Davos Dorf
Postal Code: CH-7260
Country: Switzerland

Andreas Poschinger
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: Andreas.Poschinger@lfu.bayern.de
Contact Address:

  • University of Graz

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City: Alcala de Henares
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Vladimir Romanovsky
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Phone: 1 907 474-7548
Fax: 1 907 474-7290
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  • University of Alaska
  • Geophysical Institute

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Province or State: AK
Postal Code: 99775
Country: USA

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Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Institute of Environmental Geoscience
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City: Moscow
Postal Code: 101000
Country: Russia

Cathy Seybold
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  • Natural Resources Canada
  • 601 Booth St.

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  • Bajada del Cerro s/n, Cassilla de Correo 330

City: Mendoza
Postal Code: 5500
Country: Argentina

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Email: ctweedie@utep.edu
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City: Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego
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  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Earth Cryosphere Institute

City: Moscow
Country: Russia

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Email: velikin2000@mail.ru
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Melnikov Permafrost Institute

City: Yakutsk
Country: Russia

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Phone: 351 217940218
Email: gtelesvieira@gmail.com
Contact Address:

  • University of Lisbon
  • Antarctic Environments and Climate Change Research Group

City: Lisbon
Country: Portugal

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Email: kyoshikawa@alaska.edu
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  • Institute of Northern Engineering

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Wu Zhang
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Email: qbwu@lzb.ac.cn
Contact Address:

  • CAREERI

City: Lanzhou
Country: China

Lin Zhao
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Email: linzhao@lzb.ac.cn
Contact Address:

  • CAREERI

City: Lanzhou
Country: China

Mikail Zheleznyak
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: fe@mpi.ysn.ru
Contact Address:

  • Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
  • Melnikov Permafrost Institute

City: Yakutsk
Country: Russia

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
AON CADIS Web site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Canadian Permafrost Monitoring Network

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Canadian Permafrost Monitoring Network Web site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) Web site

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost Web site

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Permafrost Laboratory at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks Web site

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Permafrost Laboratory at University of Alaska, Fairbanks Web site

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Permafrost Monitoring Switzerland (PERMOS) Web site

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Thermal State of Permafrost (TSP) in Norway and Svalbard Web site

Reference

Brown, J. A. Kholodov, V. Romanovsky, K. Yoshikawa, S. L. Smith, H.H. Christiansen, G. Vieira, J. Noetzli. In press. The Thermal State of Permafrost: the IPY-IPA snapshot (2007-2009). In Proceedings: 63rd Canadian Geotechnical Conference & 6th Canadian Permafrost Conference, Calgary, Canada, September 12-16, 2010.

Brown, J. 2010. Report from the International Permafrost Association: The IPY Permafrost Legacy. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 215-218.


Christiansen, H. H., B. Etzelmüller, K. Isaksen, H. Juliussen, H. Farbrot, O. Humlum, M. Johansson, T. Ingeman-Nielsen, L. Kristensen, J. Hjort, P. Holmlund, A. B. K. Sannel, C. Sigsgaard, H. J. Åkerman, N. Foged, L. H. Blikra, M. A. Pernosky, R. Ødegård. 2010. The Thermal State of Permafrost in the Nordic area during IPY 2007-2009. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 156-181.

Romanovsky, V. E., D. S. Drozdov, N. G. Oberman, G. V. Malkova, A. L. Kholodov, S. S. Marchenko, N. G. Moskalenko, D. O. Sergeev, N. G. Ukraintseva, A. A. Abramov, A. A. Vasiliev. 2010. Thermal State of Permafrost in Russia. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 136-155.

Romanovsky, V. E., S. L. Smith, H. H. Christiansen. 2010. Permafrost thermal state in the polar Northern Hemisphere during the IPY 2007-2009. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 106-116.

Smith, S. L., V. E. Romanovsky, A. G. Lewkowicz, C. R. Burn, M. Allard, G. D. Clow, K. Yoshikawa, J. Throop. 2010. Thermal State of Permafrost in North America – A Contribution to the International Polar Year. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 117-135.

Vieira G., J. Bockheim, M. Guglielmin, M. Balks, A. A. Abramov, J. Boelhouwers, N. Cannone, L. Ganzert, D. A. Gilichinsky, S. Goryachkin, J. López-Martínez, I. Meiklejohn, R. Raffi, M. Ramos, C. Schaefer, E. Serrano, F. Simas, R. Sletten, D. Wagner. 2010. Thermal State of Permafrost and Active-Layer Monitoring in the Antarctic: Advances during the International Polar Year 2007-08. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 182-197.

Zhao, L., Qingbai Wu, S. S. Marchenko, N. Sharkhuu. 2010. Thermal state of permafrost and active layer in Central Asia during the International Polar Year. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 21 (2): 198-207.

PERMOS 2010, in press. Permafrost in Switzerland 2006/2007 and 2007/2008. Noetzli, J. and Vonder Muehll, D. (eds.), Glaciological Report (Permafrost) No.8/9 of the Cryospheric Commission (CC) of the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT), 68 pp.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2010-08-13
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-12

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