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Ice Draft and Ice Velocity Data in the Beaufort Sea, 1990-2003

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Entry ID

G02177

Summary

This data set provides measurement of sea ice draft (m) and the movement of sea ice (cm/s) over the continental shelf of the Eastern Beaufort Sea. The data set spans April 1990 to September 2003. The data set was acquired to assist in determining the character and recurrence of ice features hazardous to offshore industrial activity, specifically for the exploitation of hydrocarbon reserves and the impact of climate variability and change on the Beaufort Sea ice regime. Observations were made using two types of self-contained Upward Looking Sonar (ULS) moored near the sea floor: an Ice Profiling Sonar (IPS) used to obtain ice draft data and an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP) used to obtain the ice velocity data. The data are provided in ASCII text format and are available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

 

Spatial Coordinates:
N: 74.152°     S: 70.083°     E: -125.577°     W: -133.828°    

Data Set Citation

Dataset Creator: Melling, H. and D. A. Riedel.
Dataset Title: Ice Draft and Ice Velocity Data in the Beaufort Sea, 1990-2003
Dataset Release Date: 2008-09-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02177.html
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N58913S6

Temporal Coverage

Start Date: 1990-04-01
Stop Date: 2003-09-30

Location Keywords

  • OCEAN ARCTIC OCEAN BEAUFORT SEA

Science Keywords

  • Cryosphere Sea Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Cryosphere Snow/Ice Ice Velocity
  • Oceans Sea Ice Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Terrestrial Hydrosphere Snow/Ice Ice Velocity

Ancillary Keywords

  • Sea Ice
  • Sea Ice Draft
  • Sea Ice Drift
  • Sea Ice Velocity

Instrument

  • ADCP Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler
  • UPWARD LOOKING SONAR

Project

  • NOAA/NASA PATHFINDER NOAA/NASA Pathfinder Program

Data Set Progress

complete

Data Center

National Snow and Ice Data Center
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel

Name: NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel

Name: NOAA User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
Fax: 1 303 492-2468 x
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:

  • National Snow and Ice Data Center
  • CIRES, 449 UCB
  • University of Colorado

City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA

Distribution

Distribution Media: FTP
Distribution Size: 0.004 - 50 MB
Distribution Format: ASCII Text (.txt)

Personnel

Humfrey Melling
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 250 363-6552 x
Fax: 1 250 363-6746 x
Email: melling@ios.bc.ca
Contact Address:

  • Institute of Ocean Sciences
  • Science Branch - Pacific Region
  • Institute of Ocean Sciences
  • 9860 West Saanich Road
  • P.O. Box 6000
  • Sidney, BC V8L-4B2
  • CANADA

Humfrey Melling
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 1 250 363-6552 x
Fax: 1 250 363-6746 x
Email: melling@ios.bc.ca
Contact Address:

  • Institute of Ocean Sciences
  • Science Branch - Pacific Region
  • Institute of Ocean Sciences
  • 9860 West Saanich Road
  • P.O. Box 6000
  • Sidney, BC V8L-4B2
  • CANADA

D A Riedel
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:

  • Institute of Ocean Sciences
  • Science Branch - Pacific Region

Related URL

VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Moored Upward Looking Sonar Data

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
AWI Moored ULS Data, Greenland Sea and Fram Strait, 1991-2002

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
AWI Moored ULS Data, Weddell Sea (1990-1998)

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Submarine Upward Looking Sonar Ice Draft Profile Data and Statistics

VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
The Environmental Working Group (EWG) Joint U.S.-Russian Arctic Sea Ice Atlas

Reference

Amundrud, T., H. Melling and R.G. Ingram. 2004. Geometric constraints on the evolution of ridged sea ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 109, C06005, doi:10.1029/2003JC002251.

Amundrud, T.L., H. Melling, R.G. Ingram and S.E. Allen. 2006. The effect of structural porosity on the melting of ridge keels in pack ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 111, C06004, doi:10.1029/2005JC002895.


Birch, J.R., D.B. Fissel, H. Melling, K. Vaudrey, K. Schaudt, J.C. Heideman and W. Lamb. 2000. Ice Profiling Sonar: Upward looking sonar provides over-winter records of ice thickness and ice keel depths off Sakhalin Island, Russia. Sea Technology (August), 48-53.

Blasco, S.M., J.M. Shearer, P. Campbell, B. Wright and H. Melling. 2004. Reduction in sea ice scour impact rates on the seabed 1979 to 2003, Canadian Beaufort Sea. Eos Transactions 85(17), C43A-10.

Bowen, R.G. and D.R. Topham. 1996. A study of the morphology of a discontinuous section of first year Arctic pressure ridge Cold Regions Science and Technology 24, 83-100.


Dumas, J., E.C. Carmack and H. Melling. 2005. Climate-change impacts in the Beaufort shelf land-fast ice. Cold Regions Science and Technology 42, 41– 51.


Dumas, J.A., H. Melling and G.M. Flato. 2007. Late-summer pack ice in the Canadian Archipelago: Thickness observations from a ship in transit Atmosphere-Ocean 45, 1 450105.

Eicken, H., R. Gradinger, A. Graves, A. Mahoney, I. Rigor and H. Melling. 2005. Sediment transport by sea ice in the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas: Increasing importance due to changing ice conditions? Deep-Sea Research II 52, 3281–3302. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2005.10.006.



Falkingham, J., H. Melling and K.J. Wilson. 2003. Shipping in the Canadian Arctic: possible climate change scenarios. CMOS Bulletin SCMO 31(3), 68-69. Fissel, D.B., J.R. Marko and H. Melling. 2002. Identifying “skylites” for AUV operations under pack ice: Insights from ice-draft profiling by moored sonar. Proceedings Oceans 2002, Biloxi, Mississippi. October 29-31, 2002. 6 pp.

Fukamachi, Y., G. Mizuta, K.I. Oshima, H. Melling, D. Fissel and M. Wakatsuchi. 2003. Variability of sea-ice draft of Hokkaido in the Sea of Okhotsk revealed by a moored ice-profiling sonar in winter of 1999. Geophysical Research Letters. Geophysical Research Letters 30(7), 2002GL016197.

Galloway, J.L. and H. Melling. 1997. Tracking the motion of sea ice by correlation sonar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 14(3), 616-629.

Holt, B., C. Haas, H. Melling, S. Hendricks. 2007. Determining deformed sea ice properties using multi-sensor observations. Eos Trans. AGU 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., C11B-0431. Kovacs, A., Weeks, W.F., Ackley, S. and Hibler, W.D. III. 1973. Structure of a multiyear pressure ridge. Arctic 26(1): 22-31.

Maykut, G.A. and Untersteiner, N. 1971. Some Results from a Time-Dependent Thermodynamic Model of Sea Ice. Journal of Geophysical Research 76: 1550-1575.

Melling, H., D.A. Riedel and Z. Gedalof. 2005. Trends in the draft and extent of seasonal pack ice, Canadian Beaufort Sea. Geophysical Research Letters 32, L24501, doi:10.1029/2005GL024483.

Melling, H. and D.A. Riedel. 2004. Draft and Movement of Pack Ice in the Beaufort Sea: A Time-Series Presentation April 1990 - August 1999. Canadian Technical Report of Hydrography and Ocean Sciences No. 238. (PDF 1.6 MB). Melling, H. 2002. Sea ice of the northern Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(C11), 3181 Melling, H. 2007. The Thickness of Arctic Pack Ice - Advances and Challenges. In, Arctic Climate Change - The ACSYS Decade and Beyond. Chapter in monograph. Accepted.


Melling, H. 2000. Scientific interpretation of measurements of sea-ice draft measurements by moored sonar. Joint Report on the 4th Session of the ACSYS Sea Ice/Ocean Modeling (SIOM) Panel and the ACSYS Workshop on Sea-Ice Thickness Measurements and Data Analysis, Monterey CA USA, 7-11 April 1997, P. Lemke & R. Colony (editors). WMO/TD No. 991, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva. A5.10, 5 pp.

Melling, H. 2000. Sound scattering by sea ice: Aspects relevant to ice-draft profiling by sonar. Joint Report on the 4th Session of the ACSYS Sea Ice/Ocean Modeling (SIOM) Panel and the ACSYS Workshop on Sea-Ice Thickness Measurements and Data Analysis, Monterey CA USA, 7-11 April 1997, P. Lemke & R. Colony (editors). WMO/TD No. 991, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva. A5.11, 2 pp.

Melling, H. 2000. Statistical processing of ice-draft observations from moored sonar. Joint Report on the 4th Session of the ACSYS Sea Ice/Ocean Modeling (SIOM) Panel and the ACSYS Workshop on Sea-Ice Thickness Measurements and Data Analysis, Monterey CA USA, 7-11 April 1997, P. Lemke & R. Colony (editors). WMO/TD No. 991, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva. A5.12, 3 pp.



Melling, H. 1998a. Detection of features in first-year pack ice by synthetic aperture radar (SAR). International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19(6), 1223-1249.


Melling, H. 1998b. Sound scattering by sea ice: Aspects relevant to ice-draft profiling by sonar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 15, 1023-1033.


Melling, H. and D.A. Riedel. 1996. Development of seasonal pack ice in the Beaufort Sea during the winter of 1991-1992: A view from below. Journal of Geophysical Research 101(C5), 11975-11991.

Melling, H. and D.A. Riedel. 1996. The thickness and ridging of pack ice causing difficult shipping conditions in the Beaufort Sea, Summer 1991. Atmosphere-Ocean 34(3), 457-487. Melling, H. and D.A. Riedel. 1995. The underside topography of sea ice over the continental shelf of the Beaufort Sea in the winter of 1990. Journal of Geophysical Research 100(C7), 13641-13653.


Melling, H., P.H. Johnston and D.A. Riedel. 1995. Measurement of the draft and underside topography of sea ice by moored subsea sonar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 12(3), 591-602.

Melling, H. and Riedel, D.A. 1993. Draft and Movement of Pack Ice in the Beaufort Sea, April 1990 - March 1991. Canadian Technical Report of Hydrography and Ocean Sciences No. 151.


Melling, H., D.R. Topham and D.A. Riedel. 1993. Topography of the upper and lower surfaces of 10 hectares of deformed sea ice. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 21, 349-369.


Mullison, J. H. Melling, W. Johns and P. Freitag. 2004. The role of moored current profilers in climate variability research. Sea Technology 45(2), 17-28. Richter-Menge, J., et al. 2006. State of the Arctic Report. NOAA OAR Special Report, NOAA/OAR/PMEL, Seattle WA. 36 pp.

Metadata Name and Version

Metadata Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata Version: 9.7

Creation and Review Dates

DIF Creation Date: 2008-09-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-03-12

Metadata Views

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