Entry_ID: G02174
Entry_Title: Central Asia Temperature and Precipitation Data, 1879-2003
Group: Data_Set_Citation
   Dataset_Creator: Williams, M. W. and V. G. Konovalov. 
   Dataset_Title: Central Asia Temperature and Precipitation Data, 1879-2003
   Dataset_Release_Date: 2008-02-18
   Dataset_Release_Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
   Dataset_Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Online_Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02174.html
   Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5NK3BZ8
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: M
   Middle_Name: W
   Last_Name: Williams
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research
      City: Boulder
      Province_or_State: CO
      Postal_Code: 80309
      Country: USA
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Personnel
   Role: Investigator
   First_Name: Vladimir
   Middle_Name: G.
   Last_Name: Konovalov
   Group: Contact_Address
      Address: Central Asian Hydrometeorological Research Institute
      Address: 72 K. Makhsumov Street
      City: Tashkent
      Postal_Code: 700052
      Country: Uzbekistan
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Atmospheric Temperature
   Variable_Level_1: Air Temperature
End_Group
Group: Parameters
   Category: EARTH SCIENCE
   Topic: Atmosphere
   Term: Precipitation
   Variable_Level_1: Precipitation Amount
End_Group
ISO_Topic_Category: Climatology/Meteorology/Atmosphere
Keyword: NOAA
Sensor_Name: RAIN GAUGES
Sensor_Name: THERMOMETERS
Source_Name: GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS
Group: Temporal_Coverage
   Start_Date: 1879-01-01
   Stop_Date: 2003-12-31
End_Group
Data_Set_Progress: complete
Group: Spatial_Coverage
   Southernmost_Latitude: 35
   Northernmost_Latitude: 50
   Westernmost_Longitude: 55
   Easternmost_Longitude: 85
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: KAZAKHSTAN
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: KYRGYZSTAN
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: TAJIKISTAN
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: TURKMENISTAN
End_Group
Group: Location
   Location_Category: CONTINENT
   Location_Type: ASIA
   Location_Subregion1: SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA
   Location_Subregion2: UZBEKISTAN
End_Group
Group: Data_Resolution
   Temporal_Resolution: 1 mon
End_Group
Data_Set_Language: English
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NSIDC
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Data_Center
   Data_Center_Name: NOAA > National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
   Data_Center_URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/
   Group: Personnel
      Role: Data Center Contact
      First_Name: NOAA
      Last_Name: User Services
      Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
      Phone: 1 303 492-6199 x
      Fax: 1 303  492-2468 x
      Group: Contact_Address
         Address: National Snow and Ice Data Center
         Address: CIRES, 449 UCB
         Address: University of Colorado
         City: Boulder
         Province_or_State: CO
         Postal_Code: 80309-0449
         Country: USA
      End_Group
   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: Microsoft Excel
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: PDF
End_Group
Group: Distribution
   Distribution_Media: FTP
   Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)
End_Group
Group: Reference

   Easterling, David R., Thomas C. Peterson, and Thomas R. Karl, 1996: On the 
   development and use of homogenized climate data sets. Journal of Climate, 9: 
   1429-1434.

   Groisman, P.Y. and E.Y. Rankova. 2001. Precipitation trends over the Russian 
   permafrost-free zone: removing the artifacts of pre-processing. International 
   Journal of Climate 21: 657-678.

   Groisman, P.Y., V.V. Koknaeva, T.A. Belokrylova, and T.R. Karl. 1991. 
   Overcoming biases of precipitation measurement: A history of the USSR 
   experience. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society pp. 1725-1733.

   Jones, P.D. and A. Moberg. 2003. Hemispheric and large-scale surface air 
   temperature variations: An extensive revision and an update to 2001. Journal 
   of Climate 16 (2): 206-223.

   Legates, D.R., and C.J. Willmott, Mean seasonal and spatial variability in 
   gauge-corrected, global precipitation. 1990. International Journal of 
   Climatology, 10 (1): 111-1270.

   Nastavlenie gidrometeorologicheskim stantsyyam i postam. Vypusk 3, chastÂ’ 1. 
   (Manual for hydrometeorological stations and posts. Iss.3, part 1). 1985. 
   Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad. 300 pp.

   Peterson, T.C., and R.S. Vose, 1997: An overview of the Global Historical 
   Climatology Network temperature database. Bulletin of the American 
   Meteorological Society, 78 (12): 2837-2849. (PDF Version available at 
   http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/)

   Peterson, T.C., R. Vose, R. Schmoyer, and V. Razuvaev, 1998: Global Historical 
   Climatology Network (GHCN) quality control of monthly temperature data. 
   International Journal of Climatology, 18 (11): 1169-1179. 

   Williams, M.W. and V.G. Konovalov, 2005. GHCN: Regional Data Base on Climate 
   of Central Asia v.1.0., unpublished document.

   Vose, R. S., Richard L. Schmoyer, Peter M. Steurer, Thomas C. Peterson, 
   Richard Heim, Thomas R. Karl, and J. Eischeid, 1992: The Global Historical 
   Climatology Network: long-term monthly temperature, precipitation, sea level 
   pressure, and station pressure data. ORNL/CDIAC-53, NDP-041. Carbon Dioxide 
   Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, 
   Tennessee.

End_Group
Group: Summary

   This data set updates and expands the NOAA Global Historical Climate Network 
   (GHCN) of quality controlled meteorological records, focusing on the Northern 
   Tien Shan and Pamir Mountain Ranges of Central Asia. It is compiled primarily 
   from meteorological measurements conducted by the National Hydrometeorological 
   Services (NHMS) of the Central Asian countries. Precipitation data are monthly 
   sums bias corrected for gauge type and for wetting, but not for wind. The 
   correction factors, K1 for gauge type, K2 for wind, and K3 for wetting, are 
   included as separate files. Temperature data are monthly means, for example, 
   the mean of daily temperatures for that month, where daily temperature is 
   defined as the average of all observations for each calendar day. For many 
   stations, average maximum and average minimum temperature are supplied as 
   well. These are derived from daily maximum and minimum temperatures. The 
   station metadata for this data set are station histories, population, 
   vegetation, and topography. Data were subjected to rigorous quality control 
   and homogenieity assessment procedures, consistent with those used for the GHCN.

   There are records from 298 stations. The period of record covered by each 
   station is variable, and in the period from 1985 to 1995, there was a sharp 
   reduction in the number of operating stations. The earliest record is from 
   1879. Records are updated through 2003 where data are available. Most stations 
   have almost 100 years of observations. Records are from stations in 
   Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

   The data are stored as tab-delimited ASCII text format, Microsoft Excel, and 
   PDF, and are availabe via FTP.

End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/search/precipitation_station_analysis/index.html
   Description: Precipitation Data Set Station Lists and Overlap Analysis
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02164.html
   Group: Description

      Daily precipitation sums at coastal and island Russian Arctic stations, 
      1940-1990

   End_Group
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g01938.html
   Description: Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02141.html
   Description: Meteorological Data from the Russian Arctic, 1961-2000
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02170.html
   Description: Monthly mean precipitation sums at Russian Arctic stations, 1966-1990
End_Group
Group: Related_URL
   Group: URL_Content_Type
      Type: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
   End_Group
   URL: http://nsidc.org/data/g02170.html
   Description: Monthly Mean Precipitation Sums at Russian Arctic Stations, 1966-1990
End_Group
Metadata_Name: CEOS IDN DIF
Metadata_Version: 9.7
DIF_Creation_Date: 2008-02-18
Last_DIF_Revision_Date: 2013-03-12
DIF_Revision_History:  Added DOI to metadata record